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Chapter 6 presentation

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Chapter 6 presentation

  1. 1. Chapter 6: Immune System Terms Highlighting: antigen antibody vaccination
  2. 2. Antigen <ul><li>Foreign proteins that are different from a person’s own natural proteins by which disease-causing agents are recognized. </li></ul><ul><li>Induces an immune response and the production of antibodies. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: bacteria, viruses, toxins, allergens, parasites, fungi, chemicals. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Antibody <ul><li>A protective blood protein produced in response to antigens introduced into the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Each type of antibody is unique and defends the body against one specific type of antigen. </li></ul><ul><li>Produced in a humoral immunity response in the B cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Antigen-antibody complex fights or prevents infection. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Antibody: Autoimmune disorders <ul><li>Antibodies are also produced when the immune system mistakenly considers healthy tissue a harmful substance. </li></ul><ul><li>Autoimmune disorders occur when the immune system cannot make this differentiation and responds by destroying normal healthy tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of these disorders </li></ul><ul><li>are: </li></ul><ul><li>Type I Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Rheumatoid arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>Addison’s disease </li></ul><ul><li>Celiac’s disease </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Sclerosis </li></ul><ul><li>Lupus erythematosis </li></ul><ul><li>and others </li></ul>
  5. 6. Vaccination <ul><li>Exposure to a weakened pathogen that stimulates the immune response and antibody production in order to confer protection against the full-blown disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Special types of active acquired immunity often referred to as artificial acquired immunity and classified under adaptive immunity. </li></ul>
  6. 11. Works Cited <ul><li>www.cdc.gov/vaccines/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000816.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://apps.nlm.nih.gov/againsttheodds/exhibit/preventing_disease/role_of_science.cfm </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 6 Blood and the Lymphatic and Immune Systems. </li></ul>

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