SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Genetics presentation ’10

Genetics Introduction

1 of 49
Download to read offline
04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 1
Genetics
04/07/15 2
Genetics & Inheritance
What you get isn’t always what you get
Intro to Inheritance
 http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/t
04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 3
04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 4
Gregor Mendel (7/22/1822 - 1/6/1884)
 “Father of Modern Genetics”
 Born in 1822 in Heinzendorf Moravia
in what is now the Czech Republic
 Born in Heinzendorf, Austria on July
22, 1822. He died in Brno, Austria
January 6, 1884
 Augustinian monk employed as high
school natural science teacher for 20
years
04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 5
Gregor Mendel (7/22/1822 - 1884)
 Experimented with garden peas Pisum
sativum
 Tested some 28,000 pea plants in 7 years
 Used artificial feritization
 Worked in limited space in monastery
garden
 First to consider single traits of
hybridization experiments results
 Devised precise mathematical pattern
 Did not understand biological process, eg.
chromosomes & DNA
 1900 three botanists “discovered” his
papers while researching their own
findings
Mendel, O.S.A., experimental garden
(35x7 meters) in the grounds of the
Augustinian Monastery in Old Brno.
Its appearance before 1922.
04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 6
Mendel’s Pea Plants
 Pisum sativum
 Diploid
 Seven pairs of traits
• Axial / terminal
flowers (Aa)
• Purple / white Flower
coats (Pp)
• Tall / short (Tt)
• Round / wrinkled (Ss)
• Green / yellow seeds
(Gg)
• Inflated / constricted
(Ii)
• Green / yellow unripe
pods (Gg)

Recommended

Heridity and Evolution - Biology Class 10 CBSE
Heridity and Evolution - Biology Class 10 CBSEHeridity and Evolution - Biology Class 10 CBSE
Heridity and Evolution - Biology Class 10 CBSEAthira S
 
Chapter 1.Reproduction in organisem
Chapter 1.Reproduction in organisemChapter 1.Reproduction in organisem
Chapter 1.Reproduction in organisemmohan bio
 
Heredity and Evolution Class X Priya Jha
Heredity  and Evolution Class X Priya JhaHeredity  and Evolution Class X Priya Jha
Heredity and Evolution Class X Priya JhaPriya Jha
 
Transport in plants
Transport in plantsTransport in plants
Transport in plantsRuba Salah
 
How Do Organisms Reproduce ? - Class 10 CBSE science (BIo)
How Do Organisms Reproduce ? - Class 10 CBSE  science (BIo)How Do Organisms Reproduce ? - Class 10 CBSE  science (BIo)
How Do Organisms Reproduce ? - Class 10 CBSE science (BIo)Amit Choube
 
How do organisms reproduce
How do organisms reproduceHow do organisms reproduce
How do organisms reproduceEswariKumaravel
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Heredity and evolution
Heredity and evolutionHeredity and evolution
Heredity and evolutionAnupam_Rptile
 
Ncert class 10 - science - chapter 7 - control and coordination
Ncert   class 10 - science - chapter 7 - control and coordinationNcert   class 10 - science - chapter 7 - control and coordination
Ncert class 10 - science - chapter 7 - control and coordinationEswariKumaravel
 
Genetics : Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Genetics : Principles of Inheritance and VariationGenetics : Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Genetics : Principles of Inheritance and VariationEneutron
 
heredity class 10.pptx
heredity  class 10.pptxheredity  class 10.pptx
heredity class 10.pptxssuserbb7f9b
 
Chapter 5 principles of inheritance and variation
Chapter 5 principles of inheritance and variationChapter 5 principles of inheritance and variation
Chapter 5 principles of inheritance and variationmohan bio
 
How do organisms reproduce.ppt
How do organisms reproduce.pptHow do organisms reproduce.ppt
How do organisms reproduce.pptVijaya Saran
 
4. heredity and evolution
4. heredity and evolution4. heredity and evolution
4. heredity and evolutionAbhay Goyal
 
Principles of Inheritance, Class 12 CBSE
Principles of Inheritance, Class 12 CBSEPrinciples of Inheritance, Class 12 CBSE
Principles of Inheritance, Class 12 CBSEblessiemary
 
Transport in animals
Transport in animalsTransport in animals
Transport in animalsSian Ferguson
 
reproduction in animals class 8
reproduction in animals class 8reproduction in animals class 8
reproduction in animals class 8indrani97321
 
Reproduction in animal for class 8th by Sarita Chourasia
Reproduction in animal for class 8th by Sarita ChourasiaReproduction in animal for class 8th by Sarita Chourasia
Reproduction in animal for class 8th by Sarita ChourasiaSaritaChourasia
 
Chapter - 2, Is matter around us pure?, Science, Class 9
Chapter - 2, Is matter around us pure?, Science, Class 9Chapter - 2, Is matter around us pure?, Science, Class 9
Chapter - 2, Is matter around us pure?, Science, Class 9Shivam Parmar
 
Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
Magnetic Effects of Electric CurrentMagnetic Effects of Electric Current
Magnetic Effects of Electric CurrentManav Harkerni
 
Cbse grade 7 chapter 11 reproduction in plants
Cbse grade 7   chapter 11 reproduction in plantsCbse grade 7   chapter 11 reproduction in plants
Cbse grade 7 chapter 11 reproduction in plantsDr. Arshad Keethadath
 
Metals and non metals
Metals and non metalsMetals and non metals
Metals and non metalsabhinandanram
 
Heredity and evolution class 10th cbse
Heredity and evolution class 10th cbseHeredity and evolution class 10th cbse
Heredity and evolution class 10th cbsesukhiram011
 

What's hot (20)

Heredity and evolution
Heredity and evolutionHeredity and evolution
Heredity and evolution
 
Ncert class 10 - science - chapter 7 - control and coordination
Ncert   class 10 - science - chapter 7 - control and coordinationNcert   class 10 - science - chapter 7 - control and coordination
Ncert class 10 - science - chapter 7 - control and coordination
 
Genetics : Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Genetics : Principles of Inheritance and VariationGenetics : Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Genetics : Principles of Inheritance and Variation
 
heredity class 10.pptx
heredity  class 10.pptxheredity  class 10.pptx
heredity class 10.pptx
 
Chapter 5 principles of inheritance and variation
Chapter 5 principles of inheritance and variationChapter 5 principles of inheritance and variation
Chapter 5 principles of inheritance and variation
 
How do organisms reproduce.ppt
How do organisms reproduce.pptHow do organisms reproduce.ppt
How do organisms reproduce.ppt
 
Powerpoint heredity
Powerpoint heredityPowerpoint heredity
Powerpoint heredity
 
4. heredity and evolution
4. heredity and evolution4. heredity and evolution
4. heredity and evolution
 
Principles of Inheritance, Class 12 CBSE
Principles of Inheritance, Class 12 CBSEPrinciples of Inheritance, Class 12 CBSE
Principles of Inheritance, Class 12 CBSE
 
Transport in animals
Transport in animalsTransport in animals
Transport in animals
 
Control and coordination
Control and coordinationControl and coordination
Control and coordination
 
reproduction in animals class 8
reproduction in animals class 8reproduction in animals class 8
reproduction in animals class 8
 
Reproduction in animal for class 8th by Sarita Chourasia
Reproduction in animal for class 8th by Sarita ChourasiaReproduction in animal for class 8th by Sarita Chourasia
Reproduction in animal for class 8th by Sarita Chourasia
 
Coordination in plants
Coordination in plantsCoordination in plants
Coordination in plants
 
Chapter - 2, Is matter around us pure?, Science, Class 9
Chapter - 2, Is matter around us pure?, Science, Class 9Chapter - 2, Is matter around us pure?, Science, Class 9
Chapter - 2, Is matter around us pure?, Science, Class 9
 
Class 9 tissues
Class 9 tissuesClass 9 tissues
Class 9 tissues
 
Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
Magnetic Effects of Electric CurrentMagnetic Effects of Electric Current
Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
 
Cbse grade 7 chapter 11 reproduction in plants
Cbse grade 7   chapter 11 reproduction in plantsCbse grade 7   chapter 11 reproduction in plants
Cbse grade 7 chapter 11 reproduction in plants
 
Metals and non metals
Metals and non metalsMetals and non metals
Metals and non metals
 
Heredity and evolution class 10th cbse
Heredity and evolution class 10th cbseHeredity and evolution class 10th cbse
Heredity and evolution class 10th cbse
 

Similar to Genetics presentation ’10

Principles of Inheritance & Variation .pptx
Principles of Inheritance & Variation .pptxPrinciples of Inheritance & Variation .pptx
Principles of Inheritance & Variation .pptxAjay Kumar Gautam
 
Mendelian patterns of inheritance
Mendelian patterns of inheritanceMendelian patterns of inheritance
Mendelian patterns of inheritancePeter Andres
 
MENDALS LAW ..RISHABH.pptx
MENDALS LAW ..RISHABH.pptxMENDALS LAW ..RISHABH.pptx
MENDALS LAW ..RISHABH.pptxAmitSharma3227
 
Biology - Chp 11 - Introduction To Genetics - PowerPoint
Biology - Chp 11 - Introduction To Genetics - PowerPointBiology - Chp 11 - Introduction To Genetics - PowerPoint
Biology - Chp 11 - Introduction To Genetics - PowerPointMr. Walajtys
 
Mendel's experiment on hybridisation and monohybrid cross
Mendel's experiment on hybridisation and monohybrid crossMendel's experiment on hybridisation and monohybrid cross
Mendel's experiment on hybridisation and monohybrid crossICHHA PURAK
 
Mendelian-Genetics-2020-Final-Autosaved-students-copy.ppt
Mendelian-Genetics-2020-Final-Autosaved-students-copy.pptMendelian-Genetics-2020-Final-Autosaved-students-copy.ppt
Mendelian-Genetics-2020-Final-Autosaved-students-copy.pptJohnAaronNavarro
 
Heredity and Evolution
Heredity and EvolutionHeredity and Evolution
Heredity and EvolutionNVS
 
Biology project on mendelian traits
Biology project on mendelian traitsBiology project on mendelian traits
Biology project on mendelian traitssagarsolanki40
 
12152011 1 Genetic Mendle’s law Patterns of .docx
12152011 1 Genetic Mendle’s law Patterns of .docx12152011 1 Genetic Mendle’s law Patterns of .docx
12152011 1 Genetic Mendle’s law Patterns of .docxhyacinthshackley2629
 
Mendelian genetics lecture quiz
Mendelian genetics lecture quizMendelian genetics lecture quiz
Mendelian genetics lecture quizMarilen Parungao
 
Mendel And The Gene Idea
Mendel And The Gene IdeaMendel And The Gene Idea
Mendel And The Gene IdeaCrystal Wood
 
Mendel & Heredity
Mendel & HeredityMendel & Heredity
Mendel & HeredityErin Mucci
 
IB Biology 3.4 inheritance
IB Biology 3.4 inheritanceIB Biology 3.4 inheritance
IB Biology 3.4 inheritanceBob Smullen
 

Similar to Genetics presentation ’10 (20)

Genetics presentation ’15
Genetics presentation ’15Genetics presentation ’15
Genetics presentation ’15
 
Mendelian inheritance
Mendelian inheritanceMendelian inheritance
Mendelian inheritance
 
Principles of Inheritance & Variation .pptx
Principles of Inheritance & Variation .pptxPrinciples of Inheritance & Variation .pptx
Principles of Inheritance & Variation .pptx
 
Mendelian patterns of inheritance
Mendelian patterns of inheritanceMendelian patterns of inheritance
Mendelian patterns of inheritance
 
Biology
BiologyBiology
Biology
 
MENDALS LAW ..RISHABH.pptx
MENDALS LAW ..RISHABH.pptxMENDALS LAW ..RISHABH.pptx
MENDALS LAW ..RISHABH.pptx
 
Biology - Chp 11 - Introduction To Genetics - PowerPoint
Biology - Chp 11 - Introduction To Genetics - PowerPointBiology - Chp 11 - Introduction To Genetics - PowerPoint
Biology - Chp 11 - Introduction To Genetics - PowerPoint
 
Genetics - Mendelian2.ppt
Genetics - Mendelian2.pptGenetics - Mendelian2.ppt
Genetics - Mendelian2.ppt
 
Mendel's experiment on hybridisation and monohybrid cross
Mendel's experiment on hybridisation and monohybrid crossMendel's experiment on hybridisation and monohybrid cross
Mendel's experiment on hybridisation and monohybrid cross
 
Mendel's genetics
Mendel's genetics  Mendel's genetics
Mendel's genetics
 
Mendelian-Genetics-2020-Final-Autosaved-students-copy.ppt
Mendelian-Genetics-2020-Final-Autosaved-students-copy.pptMendelian-Genetics-2020-Final-Autosaved-students-copy.ppt
Mendelian-Genetics-2020-Final-Autosaved-students-copy.ppt
 
Heredity and Evolution
Heredity and EvolutionHeredity and Evolution
Heredity and Evolution
 
Biology project on mendelian traits
Biology project on mendelian traitsBiology project on mendelian traits
Biology project on mendelian traits
 
12152011 1 Genetic Mendle’s law Patterns of .docx
12152011 1 Genetic Mendle’s law Patterns of .docx12152011 1 Genetic Mendle’s law Patterns of .docx
12152011 1 Genetic Mendle’s law Patterns of .docx
 
Mendelian genetics lecture quiz
Mendelian genetics lecture quizMendelian genetics lecture quiz
Mendelian genetics lecture quiz
 
Mendelian inheritance
Mendelian inheritanceMendelian inheritance
Mendelian inheritance
 
Mendel And The Gene Idea
Mendel And The Gene IdeaMendel And The Gene Idea
Mendel And The Gene Idea
 
Genetics And Mendel
Genetics And MendelGenetics And Mendel
Genetics And Mendel
 
Mendel & Heredity
Mendel & HeredityMendel & Heredity
Mendel & Heredity
 
IB Biology 3.4 inheritance
IB Biology 3.4 inheritanceIB Biology 3.4 inheritance
IB Biology 3.4 inheritance
 

More from Lorraine Stratton

Semester 2 2016 agenda openers for posting
Semester 2 2016 agenda openers for postingSemester 2 2016 agenda openers for posting
Semester 2 2016 agenda openers for postingLorraine Stratton
 
Biology Semester 2 2016 Daily Agenda and Targets
Biology Semester 2 2016  Daily Agenda and TargetsBiology Semester 2 2016  Daily Agenda and Targets
Biology Semester 2 2016 Daily Agenda and TargetsLorraine Stratton
 
Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short
   Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short   Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short
Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.shortLorraine Stratton
 
Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short
   Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short   Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short
Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.shortLorraine Stratton
 
Professionalism 6 talk points
Professionalism 6 talk pointsProfessionalism 6 talk points
Professionalism 6 talk pointsLorraine Stratton
 
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3
  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3Lorraine Stratton
 
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1Lorraine Stratton
 
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3
  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3Lorraine Stratton
 
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting
  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for postingLorraine Stratton
 
Levels of organization for biology.stratt
Levels of organization for biology.strattLevels of organization for biology.stratt
Levels of organization for biology.strattLorraine Stratton
 
Q1 11 2 15 journalism agenda & targets posting
   Q1 11 2 15  journalism agenda & targets posting   Q1 11 2 15  journalism agenda & targets posting
Q1 11 2 15 journalism agenda & targets postingLorraine Stratton
 
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting
  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for postingLorraine Stratton
 
Cell membrane model fall 2015
Cell membrane model fall 2015Cell membrane model fall 2015
Cell membrane model fall 2015Lorraine Stratton
 
Cell processes vocabulary fall 2015.2
Cell processes vocabulary fall 2015.2Cell processes vocabulary fall 2015.2
Cell processes vocabulary fall 2015.2Lorraine Stratton
 

More from Lorraine Stratton (20)

Semester 2 2016 agenda openers for posting
Semester 2 2016 agenda openers for postingSemester 2 2016 agenda openers for posting
Semester 2 2016 agenda openers for posting
 
Biology Semester 2 2016 Daily Agenda and Targets
Biology Semester 2 2016  Daily Agenda and TargetsBiology Semester 2 2016  Daily Agenda and Targets
Biology Semester 2 2016 Daily Agenda and Targets
 
An Illustrated DNA Tale
An Illustrated DNA TaleAn Illustrated DNA Tale
An Illustrated DNA Tale
 
An Illustrated DNA Tale pp
An Illustrated DNA Tale ppAn Illustrated DNA Tale pp
An Illustrated DNA Tale pp
 
Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short
   Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short   Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short
Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short
 
Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short
   Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short   Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short
Sem.2 biology agenda and targets 2016.short
 
Basic chem mine
Basic chem mineBasic chem mine
Basic chem mine
 
Professionalism 6 talk points
Professionalism 6 talk pointsProfessionalism 6 talk points
Professionalism 6 talk points
 
Photosynthesis 2016
Photosynthesis 2016Photosynthesis 2016
Photosynthesis 2016
 
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3
  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3
 
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1
 
2015 Cell Cycle & Mitosis
2015 Cell Cycle & Mitosis2015 Cell Cycle & Mitosis
2015 Cell Cycle & Mitosis
 
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3
  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 revised.3
 
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting
  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting
 
Levels of organization for biology.stratt
Levels of organization for biology.strattLevels of organization for biology.stratt
Levels of organization for biology.stratt
 
Q1 11 2 15 journalism agenda & targets posting
   Q1 11 2 15  journalism agenda & targets posting   Q1 11 2 15  journalism agenda & targets posting
Q1 11 2 15 journalism agenda & targets posting
 
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting
  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting  Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting
Biology agenda and targets 2015 sem. 1 for posting
 
Cell membrane model fall 2015
Cell membrane model fall 2015Cell membrane model fall 2015
Cell membrane model fall 2015
 
Cell processes vocabulary fall 2015.2
Cell processes vocabulary fall 2015.2Cell processes vocabulary fall 2015.2
Cell processes vocabulary fall 2015.2
 
Evolution Presentation III
Evolution Presentation IIIEvolution Presentation III
Evolution Presentation III
 

Recently uploaded

Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Aggregage
 
Mycobacteriology update 2024 Margie Morgan.ppt
Mycobacteriology update 2024 Margie Morgan.pptMycobacteriology update 2024 Margie Morgan.ppt
Mycobacteriology update 2024 Margie Morgan.pptMargie Morgan
 
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptxMasami YASUDA
 
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdfGoogle Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdfTechSoup
 
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in LithuaniaAndreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in LithuaniaEduSkills OECD
 
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptxEVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptxiammrhaywood
 
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery system
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery systemPermeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery system
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery systemchetanpatil2572000
 
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...AKSHAYMAGAR17
 
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...SUMIT TIWARI
 
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptxBIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptxRAVEESHAD
 
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdfDr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdfDr.Florence Dayana
 
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMargie Morgan
 
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsPersuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsCorinne Weisgerber
 
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbook
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules HandbookPeninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbook
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbookpccwebmasterhmb
 
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docx
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docxLearner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docx
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docxGeorgeMilliken2
 
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdfICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,View
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,ViewDatabase Security Methods, DAC, MAC,View
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,ViewDr-Dipali Meher
 
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Katherine Villaluna
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
 
Mycobacteriology update 2024 Margie Morgan.ppt
Mycobacteriology update 2024 Margie Morgan.pptMycobacteriology update 2024 Margie Morgan.ppt
Mycobacteriology update 2024 Margie Morgan.ppt
 
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx
天橋立 観光メモ 2024-30-302-2-Amanohashidate Sightseeing Memo.pptx
 
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdfGoogle Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
Google Ad Grants Services at TechSoup.pdf
 
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in LithuaniaAndreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
 
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptxEVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
EVALUATION POWERPOINT - STRANGER THINGS.pptx
 
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery system
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery systemPermeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery system
Permeation enhancer of Transdermal drug delivery system
 
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
 
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...
Bilingual notes of Pharmacognosy chapter 4Glycosides, Volatile oils,Tannins,R...
 
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptxBIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER .Raveesh.pptx
 
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdfDr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdf
 
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with MorganMycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
Mycology Update February 2024 Microbes with Morgan
 
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsPersuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
 
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbook
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules HandbookPeninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbook
Peninsula Channel Commanders Rules Handbook
 
Risk in the changing world – Opportunity or threat
Risk in the changing world – Opportunity or threatRisk in the changing world – Opportunity or threat
Risk in the changing world – Opportunity or threat
 
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docx
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docxLearner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docx
Learner Digital Skills Toolkit DRAFT.docx
 
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdfICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture 2 Slides Interfaces_.pdf
 
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,View
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,ViewDatabase Security Methods, DAC, MAC,View
Database Security Methods, DAC, MAC,View
 
Advance Mobile Application Development class 04
Advance Mobile Application Development class 04Advance Mobile Application Development class 04
Advance Mobile Application Development class 04
 
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
 

Genetics presentation ’10

  • 2. 04/07/15 2 Genetics & Inheritance What you get isn’t always what you get
  • 3. Intro to Inheritance  http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/t 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 3
  • 4. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 4 Gregor Mendel (7/22/1822 - 1/6/1884)  “Father of Modern Genetics”  Born in 1822 in Heinzendorf Moravia in what is now the Czech Republic  Born in Heinzendorf, Austria on July 22, 1822. He died in Brno, Austria January 6, 1884  Augustinian monk employed as high school natural science teacher for 20 years
  • 5. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 5 Gregor Mendel (7/22/1822 - 1884)  Experimented with garden peas Pisum sativum  Tested some 28,000 pea plants in 7 years  Used artificial feritization  Worked in limited space in monastery garden  First to consider single traits of hybridization experiments results  Devised precise mathematical pattern  Did not understand biological process, eg. chromosomes & DNA  1900 three botanists “discovered” his papers while researching their own findings Mendel, O.S.A., experimental garden (35x7 meters) in the grounds of the Augustinian Monastery in Old Brno. Its appearance before 1922.
  • 6. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 6 Mendel’s Pea Plants  Pisum sativum  Diploid  Seven pairs of traits • Axial / terminal flowers (Aa) • Purple / white Flower coats (Pp) • Tall / short (Tt) • Round / wrinkled (Ss) • Green / yellow seeds (Gg) • Inflated / constricted (Ii) • Green / yellow unripe pods (Gg)
  • 7. Mendel’s Pea Plants  Pisum sativum  Mendel fertilized the pea flowers and removed other underdeveloped reproduction parts before self-fertilization could take place. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 7
  • 8. William Bateson, English  Gave name genetics based on Greek term "to generate"  Promoted Mendell's view of paired genes using term allelomorph, shortened to allele. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 8
  • 9. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 9 Basic Ideas  Mendel used term unit characters based on physical elements and occurring in pairs of allele. We now call these genes.  The paired genes (allele pairs) separate form one another and are distributed to different sex cells through meiosis
  • 10. Mendel's 3 Laws 1. The Law of Dominance  In a cross of parents that are pure for contrasting traits, only one form of the trait will appear in the next generation. Offspring that are hybrid for a trait will have only the dominant trait in the phenotype. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 10
  • 11. Mendel's 3 Laws 2. The Law of Segregation  During the formation of gametes (eggs or sperm), the two alleles responsible for a trait separate from each other.  Alleles for a trait are then "recombined" at fertilization, producing the genotype for the traits of the offspring. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 11
  • 12. Mendel's 3 Laws 3. The Law of Independent Assortment  Alleles for different traits are distributed to sex cells (& offspring) independently of one another. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 12
  • 13. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 13 Terms  Allele: an alternate form of a gene. Variants that occur at the same locus.  Homozygous: having the same alleles for same trait  Heterozygous: having different alleles for same trait  Phenotype — physical looks of genes  Genotype — the actual genes  Dominance — phenotypic recognition  Recessive —carriers
  • 14. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 14 Labeling: The standard way of labeling the variation information of a trait in a particular organism is using two letters.  Capital letters represent information which is dominant.  Lowercase letters represent the recessive. The letter being used describes a variation (usually the recessive) of the trait. GG stands for a plant where both pieces of color information are dominant - yellow. The plant is yellow. Gg stands for a plant where one piece of color information is dominant - yellow, and the other is recessive - green. The plant is yellow. Gg stands for a plant where one piece of color information is recessive - green, and the other is dominant - yellow. The plant is yellow. gg stands for a plant where both pieces of color information are recessive - green. The plant is green.
  • 15. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 15 Pea Plant Traits Trait: Dominant Expression: Recessive Expression: 1 Form of ripe seed Smooth Wrinkled 2 Color of seed albumen Yellow Green 3 Color of seed coat Grey White 4 Form of ripe pods Inflated Constricted 5 Color of unripe pods Green Yellow 6 Position of flowers Axial Terminal 7 Length of stem Tall Dwarf
  • 16. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 16 Examples of genetic traits studied by Mendel
  • 17. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 17 Examples of Phenotypes & Genotypes  Phenotypes for garden peas  Genotypes for garden peas
  • 18. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 18 Terms  Codominance  Heterozygote expressing each allele equally  Semidominance  Similar to codominance, but not equal expression of both alleles  Filial  Latin for progeny  F1 --  F2 --
  • 19. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 19 Law of Probability  The chance of two or more independent events occurring together is the product of the chances for their separate occurrences.
  • 21. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 21 Monohybrid Cross
  • 22. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 22 Punnett Square  Diagram of a Monohybrid Cross
  • 23. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 23 Monohybrid Cross—Punnett Square
  • 24. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 24 Monohybrid Cross, P1 Genotype Phenotype Gg Green Homozygous Green X Homozygous Yellow
  • 25. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 25 Monohybrid Cross, ƒ1 Genotype Phenotype GG Green Gg Green gg Yellow Heterozygous Green X Heterozygous Green
  • 26. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 26 Monohybrid Ratios  Genotypic Ratio  1:2:1  Phenotypic Ratio  3:1 # Genotype Phenotype # 1 GG Green 3 2 Gg Green 1 gg Yellow 1
  • 27. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 27 Dihybrid Cross
  • 28. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 28 Dihybrid Cross
  • 29. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 29 Dihybrid Cross
  • 30. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 30 Dihybrid Punnett Square
  • 31. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 31 Dihybrid Punnett Square
  • 32. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 32 Dihybrid Punnett Square
  • 33. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 33 Dihybrid Punnett Square
  • 34. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 34 Dihybrid Punnett Square
  • 35. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 35 Dihybrid Punnett Square  Genotypes  GGRR  GGRr  GgRR  GgRr  GGrr  ggRR  Ggrr  ggRr  ggrr  Genotypic Ratio  1:1:2:2:4:2:2:1:1
  • 36. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 36 Dihybrid Punnett Square
  • 37. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 37 Dihybrid Punnett Square
  • 38. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 38 Dihybrid Punnett Square  Phenotypes  Green Round  Green Wrinkled  Yellow Round  Yellow Wrinkled  Phenotypic Ratio  9:3:3:1
  • 39. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 39 Partial Dominance  When one allele isn't fully dominant over its partner
  • 40. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 40 Partial Dominance Example Genotype Phenotype RR Red Rr Pink rr White Pink flowers X Pink flowers
  • 41. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 41 Epistiasis - two genes affecting property do not have equal vote  Example: melanin and melanin deposition (black, white, and brown coat of guinea pig).  Black is dominant brown is recessive when melanin producing gene is present.  Coat is white when no melanin is deposited.
  • 42. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 42 Collaboration - two genes interact to produce a novel phenotype  Example: comb types in chickens
  • 43. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 43 Multiple Gene Inheritance (polygenic)  Nilsson-Ehle's trigenic cross of wheat (10-8)  Frequency distribution (10-9)
  • 44. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 44 Sex-related Characteristics  Holandric - genes unique to Y chromosome, hair pinna on ears  Eye color in fruit flies  Hemophilia  Color blindness
  • 45. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 45 Sex-linked Inheritance  Drosophila
  • 46. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 46 Sex-linked Inheritance  Hemophilia
  • 47. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 47 Pedigree
  • 48. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 48 Slugs Mating
  • 49. 04/07/152/3/03 10:39 AM 49 Webpage Links  The Genetic Code - S.D. Black, U. of Texas Health Center at Tyler Table relating nucleic acid triplet to the corresponding amino acid.  Molecular Biology - The Biology Project, Biology, University of Arizona Activities, Problems sets, and Tutorials: Molecular Genetics; Nucleic Acids; Recombinant DNA Technology; Eukaryotic Gene Expression  Prokaryotic Genetics and Gene Expression from the MIT Hypertextbook - M.I.T. Tools for studying prokaryotic genetics, biochemical genetics, Lac operation, etc.  The making of the nucleosome - D. Pruss Simplified images and a tour.  http://www.agen.ufl.edu/~chyn/age2062/lect/lect_10/lect_10.htm  http://www.borg.com/~lubehawk/mendel.htm  http://www.sonic.net/~nbs/projects/anthro201/disc/