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Chanteclair Chicken

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Chanteclair Chicken

  1. 1. ChanteclairChicken“A Truly Patriotic Bird” Gastronomy Level II Serene Choo<br />
  2. 2. 1st Canadian breed of chicken<br />1999 Quebec government officially designated the Chanteclair - provincial heritage animal<br />Breed to withstand harsh Canadian climate<br />Egg and meat production<br />French ‘chanter’ – to sing, and ‘clair’ – bright<br />Brother Wilfred Chatelain & Cistercian Abbey in Oka, Quebec <br />Passed the American Poultry Association Standard of Perfection in 1921 – declared a breed<br />
  3. 3. Country – Canada<br />Region – Quebec <br />Current Canadian population size is 1000 – 1500<br />World population – 1750-2250<br />Canadian population mostly based in Quebec – going extinct due to commercial production<br />Many small farmers keep heritage breeding<br />Also clubs like Salt Spring Poultry Club, Rare Breeds Canada Livestock Committee interested in expanding population<br />
  4. 4. How it came to be?<br />Dark Cornish male x White leghorn female<br />Rhode Island Red male x White Wyandotte female<br />Above products were then mated <br />Product from previous is crossed with White Plymouth Rock male<br />
  5. 5. Breed can be found in 2 colours: white and partridge <br />Yellow flesh and legs <br />No wattles and small cushion comb – allows it to withstand the cold Canadian winters without frostbite vulnerability<br />Layer of brown eggs, lays more eggs through winter than any other American heritage breed – good strain is lay up to210 eggs per bird in 1 year’s lay and eggs should weigh 58-60 g <br />Males: 3.4-3.9 kg, females: 2.5-3kg <br />Broad well-fleshed breast <br />Known to be calm, gentle, personable<br />Status: Critical, Rare <br />
  6. 6. Bibliography <br />Canada’s first poultry breed: Quebec’s official chicken built to beat the climate. Heritage Livestock. Quebec heritage News. May-June 2006. Vol. 3 No. 9. Pioneer Farming & Food. p. 21<br />Amy Geddes. Cooing for the Chantecler: a Canadian original – Poultry club gets support for saving chicken. Heritage Chicken Breed<br />Chanteclair Chicken - www.slowfood.com, Feb. 12, 2010.<br />

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