WarmUp <ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What are the 3 main types of blood cells? What are their ...
37-3 The Respiratory System
The Human Respiratory System <ul><li>The respiratory system consists of the: </li></ul>Epiglottis  Trachea  Nose  Pharynx ...
What Is Respiration? <ul><li>What Is Respiration? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In biology,  respiration  means different thin...
Breathing <ul><ul><ul><li>BREATHING </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lungs are sealed in pleural membranes inside the c...
Breathing <ul><li>During inhalation, the diaphragm contracts and the rib cage rises up.  </li></ul><ul><li>This expands th...
Breathing <ul><li>Often exhaling is a passive event.  </li></ul><ul><li>When the rib cage lowers and the diaphragm relaxes...
 
How Breathing Is Controlled <ul><li>How Breathing Is Controlled </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Breathing is controlled by the m...
<ul><li>So what’s a hiccup? </li></ul><ul><li>Longest bout of hiccups – 68 years!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Check out IPp 50 for...
<ul><li>Lung Capacity Lab!! (we’ll do next class) </li></ul><ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>Measure the amount of air ...
The Human Respiratory System <ul><li>RESPIRATION </li></ul><ul><li>Alveoli are grouped in clusters.  </li></ul><ul><li>A n...
Gas Exchange <ul><li>RESPIRATION </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gas exchange takes place in the alveoli. </li></ul></ul></ul><u...
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Chapter37.3 lungstructure&breathing

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  • The respiratory system is responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Air moves through the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and lungs. After reaching the lungs, the trachea branches into smaller and smaller tubes called bronchioles, which end in alveoli, or air sacs.
  • During inhalation the rib cage rises and the diaphragm contracts, increasing the size of the chest cavity.
  • During inhalation the rib cage rises and the diaphragm contracts, increasing the size of the chest cavity.
  • During inhalation the rib cage rises and the diaphragm contracts, increasing the size of the chest cavity.
  • The respiratory system is responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
  • Gas exchange occurs by diffusion across the membrane of an alveolus and a capillary.
  • Chapter37.3 lungstructure&breathing

    1. 1. WarmUp <ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What are the 3 main types of blood cells? What are their functions? How would you identify them? </li></ul><ul><li>What is blood plasma – what is its function? </li></ul><ul><li>Collect materials to complete your blood lab and begin working!!! </li></ul><ul><li>SWB/IP book from counter (p.49) </li></ul><ul><li>Slides and Blood figures up on front desk. </li></ul>
    2. 2. 37-3 The Respiratory System
    3. 3. The Human Respiratory System <ul><li>The respiratory system consists of the: </li></ul>Epiglottis Trachea Nose Pharynx Larynx Lungs Bronchus Mouth Diaphragm Bronchioles
    4. 4. What Is Respiration? <ul><li>What Is Respiration? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In biology, respiration means different things. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cellular respiration is the release of energy from the breakdown of food in the presence of oxygen (occurs in the?????) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At the organism level, respiration is the process of gas exchange—the release of carbon dioxide and the uptake of oxygen that occurs between RBCs and alveoli </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Breathing is the actual mechanical intake of air </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Breathing <ul><ul><ul><li>BREATHING </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lungs are sealed in pleural membranes inside the chest cavity. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At the bottom of the cavity is a large, flat muscle known as the diaphragm . </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Breathing <ul><li>During inhalation, the diaphragm contracts and the rib cage rises up. </li></ul><ul><li>This expands the volume of the chest cavity. </li></ul><ul><li>The chest cavity is sealed, so this creates a partial vacuum inside the cavity. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmospheric pressure fills the lungs as air rushes into the breathing passages. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Breathing <ul><li>Often exhaling is a passive event. </li></ul><ul><li>When the rib cage lowers and the diaphragm relaxes, pressure in the chest cavity is greater than atmospheric pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Air is pushed out of the lungs. </li></ul>Exhalation Rib cage lowers Air Exhaled
    8. 9. How Breathing Is Controlled <ul><li>How Breathing Is Controlled </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Breathing is controlled by the medulla oblongata. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The medulla oblongata monitors carbon dioxide in the blood. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As carbon dioxide increases, nerve impulses make the diaphragm contract, bringing air into the lungs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The higher the carbon dioxide level, the stronger the impulses. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 10. <ul><li>So what’s a hiccup? </li></ul><ul><li>Longest bout of hiccups – 68 years!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Check out IPp 50 for more info! </li></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>Lung Capacity Lab!! (we’ll do next class) </li></ul><ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>Measure the amount of air your lungs can hold </li></ul>
    11. 12. The Human Respiratory System <ul><li>RESPIRATION </li></ul><ul><li>Alveoli are grouped in clusters. </li></ul><ul><li>A network of capillaries surrounds each alveolus. </li></ul>Pulmonary vein Capillaries Pulmonary artery
    12. 13. Gas Exchange <ul><li>RESPIRATION </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gas exchange takes place in the alveoli. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oxygen diffuses into the blood. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon dioxide in the blood diffuses into the alveolus. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Let’s examine this up close </li></ul></ul></ul>Capillary O 2 CO 2

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