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Evaluation question 7


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Evaluation question 7

  1. 1. Evaluation Question 7 Claire Morgan
  2. 2. Continuity  ‘the organization of a film or television programme to make it seem that the action happens without pauses or interruptions’.  Continuity can be used in media to make a piece of footage look more professional and it also makes it clearer to the audience what’s actually happening.  There are three main aspects of continuity: 180 degree rule, match on action and shot reverse shot.
  3. 3. 180 degree rule  180º rule is a basic guideline used in media to show the relationship between two characters on screen. If the camera moves over the guideline, it breaks the continuity of the scene.
  4. 4. 180 degree rule from our Prelim We used the 180 degree rule in our prelim to show the two characters having a conversation. By not crossing over the 180 degree line, it made it clearer to the audience what was happening and also did not break the continuity of the scene. If you cross over the 180 degree line, it can often make the audience confused as to what’s happening. From now on, the audience would expect the character on the left to be on the left and vice-versa, if it suddenly flipped sides, it would break the continuity.
  5. 5. 180 degree rule from different films We researched different films that included the 180 degree but in the end we decided not to include it into our opening sequence.
  6. 6. Match on action  Match on action is a technique used in film editing. It is a cut that connects views of the same action at the same time in the movement.  By matching the action across two shots, it makes the motion look like it continues uninterrupted. The action should begin in the first shot and end in the second shot.  For example, walking through a door. You would see the character from behind walking through the door, and then the camera cuts to the other side of the door and you see the character walking through (at the same time) from a front view.
  7. 7. Match on action from our prelim We used match on action in our prelim to show the character walking through a door. This technique made the audience continue to know exactly what was happening. We could have made it an even clearer shot by showing the character directly from behind walking through the door, camera angle changing to a front view and then seeing the same action happening from the front.
  8. 8. Match on action from our opening sequence The main character walking down the stairs started off from her point of view and then switched to a different angle. It gave the audience a better view as to the location the character was entering
  9. 9. Shot reverse shot  Shot reverse shot is where a character is shown looking back at another character, then the other character is shown “looking back” at the first character. The characters are shown facing in opposite directions, meaning the person watching automatically assumes the two characters are looking at each other.
  10. 10. Shot reverse shot from our prelim By keeping the camera in the same position throughout the whole conversation, there were no movements or jolts, so the scene kept the continuity The low angle shot of the character for this shot was used to show the dominance they had over the conversation compared to the other character Shot reverse shot used in our prelim made it clear to the audience who was having the conversation and was made to look like the two characters were looking back at each other
  11. 11. Shot reverse shot from our opening sequence We started with the main character getting her photo taken in a photography studio When the view changes, you see a woman taking a photo and the audience automatically assume she is taking a photo of the other character In the third part of shot reverse shot, it switches to a black and white scene of the first character being attacked. The audience start to question what’s happening and whether it’s present/past/future tense? The shot reverse shot in our opening sequence had more continuity than our shot reverse shot in our prelim because we’d had more practise and longer to perfect it.
  12. 12. Improvements with cinematography, shots, angles, movements I think I have improved in terms of movements because I’ve learnt the importance of continuity within this and how important they are in making sure the audience always knows what is happening in every scene. Originally in our prelim, a character was shown on one side of the 180 degree line, we then had a close up of their face, from a different side, breaking the continuity of the technique. You must always keep the camera in the same place when filming some scenes as a sudden jump or jolt causes confusion. By using low/high angle shots of characters I know how I can use these to show dominance of characters and power over situations. In our opening sequence we could use a high angle shot to show point of view of the character to give an idea to the audience about what was going on.
  13. 13. Improvements from prelim and opening sequence In our prelim we used a low angle shot to show the dominance of the character in the scene. However, after this, the camera work jumps to a closer long angle shot, but does not continually flow together. The high angle shot from our opening sequence shows the audience the props the character is using but not specifically what they are writing, emphasising the enigma The eye level shot was used to emphasise to the audience what the character was doing. The way you see the strip of negatives fall onto the camera lense, it gives hints of a photography theme.
  14. 14. Editing We never used a lot of editing in our prelim because it was our first ‘real’ sequence we made, and we mostly stuck to the continuity principles. However, we did have to cut pieces of footage to make the different pieces run together more smoothly. In our prelim though, they weren’t as smooth as we weren’t as used to cutting and moving videos on the timeline on Final Cut Express. In our final sequence, we used different video effects and edited music to add to it. For the scene of the character getting attacked/strangled, we decided to use a black and white effect as it emphasised a different time bracket and the mystery of the situation. I think our editing has improved because of the amount of footage that was actually needed to edit. We began getting used to using Final Cut Express and making cuts smoother, and we were able to improve the continuity of our final sequence.
  15. 15. Prelim and opening sequence Applying video filters into our final piece to add to the mystery The black and white filter tries to emphasise that it’s not present time In our prelim, there was no smooth transitions from the frame on the left to the right, meaning the continuity was broken slightly Since our prelim, we’ve had more practise at making the cuts smoother, and making sure they run together properly.
  16. 16. Mise en scene For our prelim, we didn’t focus much on the mise en scene of the footage as we didn’t really spend a lot of time discussing appropriate locations, or think about the backgrounds of what would be seen on camera. We also didn’t have specific costumes or props as we were supposed to just be students. However in our final piece, we were very careful on the choice of location as we wanted to emphasise that it was set in an isolated setting (as it’s a studio). We chose specific props for the main character to give hints about the storyline. For example, the negatives strips and scissors, with the water pots and photos, showing that the main themes must include photography.
  17. 17. Prelim and opening sequence Our final piece had props to portray photography theme. scissors Water pots for photos location fits task as were students photograph School posters around the room Even though our opening scene was at school, we were careful not to get any aspects of the school in the mise en scene.
  18. 18. Title We decided on the title Negatives as we thought it best fit the theme of photography. We had some practise on Final Cut Express to figure out what fonts, colours and size of text we wanted. In the end, we decided on a typewriter effect on the text as we thought that would relate quite well to the theme of photography and the mystery aspect. At first, we made the letters of the word ‘negatives’ come up in a random order but then decided to make them appear in chronological order because it looked more professional.
  19. 19. Examples from real media and opening sequence Our title to our opening was based on the title of se7en in the way it was presented We used a black background with white font as we thought it would be bolder and make a statement. Even though the font was quite basic, we thought it would be more effective The title ‘se7en’ is clearly going to have something to with the number 7 but negatives gives off a range of different ideas of what the film could be about, contributing to the enigma aspect
  20. 20. Conclusions Over the process of making an opening sequence, I have learnt the importance of continuity and how it can make a huge impact to a piece of footage. I’ve learnt about the continuity principles: 180 degree rule, match on action and shot reverse shot and how they can influence the professionalism of a piece of work. From practise in the Prelim task, I’ve been able to improve my skills with the camera, use different angles/shots and improve Final Cut Express skills. I’ve come to grips with using the macs and the programmes that come with it. For example, garage band, to create and edit a piece of music that fits the genre and opening sequence that we are creating. I’ve improved a lot on using Final Cut Express as it’s become easier, finding my way around the programme, being able to add things to the timeline, edit footage to make it smaller, add transitions, filters, sounds etc. to help make our opening sequence fit the thriller genre as much as possible.
  21. 21. Conclusions I’ve learnt that the first idea you have, isn’t always going to be the best. For example, when we first started filming our first plan of an opening sequence, we decided that it didn’t fit the thriller genre very well. We then had to rethink our ideas and as a group come up with an alternative idea. Through practise, I’ve also learnt the importance of mise en scene. You have to make sure that everything you want in the shot is in the shot and any extras are cut out. For example, in some shots, you could see the carpet or tables in the background, but we didn’t want it to look as though we’d filmed at school- it was supposed to be in a photography studio so therefore had to shoot that part again. I’ve improved quite a lot since the start as I’ve learnt a lot more about continuity. I can now produce a video that runs smoothly together without confusion from the audience.