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Iryna Shvets Education Reform In Ukraine

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Prezentacja zaprezentowana podczas konferencji "Chcieć to móc, czyli jak działania strażnicze zmieniają świat" 11-ego marca 2010 w Warszawie
więcej na www.watchdog.org.pl

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Iryna Shvets Education Reform In Ukraine

  1. 1. Education reform in Ukraine: the role of watchdog NGOs Civil Network OPORA, Lviv Ukraine
  2. 2. The problem we encountered: <ul><li>High level of corruption at the higher educational institutions while admission campaigns. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the 2005 Corruption Perception Index (Transparency International) Ukraine ranks 107th out of 159 countries in its control of corruption. C orruption has become a serious impediment to the country’s economic, political and social development , in particular – in education sphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Admission campaign to HEIs was accompanied with direct corrupt schemes as bribery, and indirect schemes as extra courses organized by HEIs for their entrants, tutorship. </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  3. 3. Ways to solve the problem: <ul><li>To combat corrupt practices associated with admissions to higher education al institutions by introducing standardized external independent testing (EIT) as a mandatory criterion for university admissions.   </li></ul><ul><li>This process would replace the entry examinations currently administered by individual universities (creative competitions remain) . </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  4. 4. OPORA’s goals: <ul><li>To evaluate the new procedure of education quality assessment </li></ul><ul><li>To give recommendations on how the procedure may be improved </li></ul><ul><li>To conduct extra information campaign in order to provide citizens with information about educational reform and monitoring results </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  5. 5. Challenges to EIT introduction: <ul><li>Public did not trust Ukrainian Center for Educational Quality Assessment (UCEQA ) and EIT </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone thought tests would be very difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption would pass from HEIs to UCEQA </li></ul><ul><li>Law on EIT was not adopted (and it hasn’t been adopted so far) </li></ul><ul><li>Speculations on EIT optionality </li></ul><ul><li>Low awareness of EIT procedures among entrants </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  6. 6. Peculiarities: <ul><li>The “Regulations on public control over preparation and conduct of external independent testing and admission campaign at higher educational institutions” was elaborated and provided us with legal instruments for watchdog campaign. </li></ul><ul><li>OPORA to its surprise succeeded in establishing partner relationships with the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and Ukrainian Center for Educational Quality Assessment . </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  7. 7. What we have done (methodology): <ul><li>OPORA organized 54 trainings for 1800 participants in 14 oblasts of Ukraine, hereby 1650 volunteers monitored EIT conduct at test sites. </li></ul><ul><li>In Lviv and Lviv oblast we involved 230 people who observed testing in 11 subjects and covered 50% of test sites. </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  8. 8. OPORA’s conclusions: <ul><li>Organizational component of EIT was properly implemented, however not all of the instructors and test sites responsible persons were sufficiently trained. </li></ul><ul><li>Instructors and test sites responsible persons are not financially and professionally motivated. </li></ul><ul><li>Entrants and their parents worried because of politization of IET process and its unsettled legal status. </li></ul><ul><li>EIT is an efficient instrument in combating corruption in case of transparent certificate competition, and providing equal access to higher education for all entrants. </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  9. 9. OPORA’s recommendations: <ul><li>A complete legal base for EIT process should be elaborated. </li></ul><ul><li>The State budget-2009 should provide a sufficient funding for Ukrainian Center for Educational Quality Assessment . </li></ul><ul><li>EIT and school curriculum should not overlap. </li></ul><ul><li>The operation of Regional Center s for Educational Quality Assessment should be unified. </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  10. 10. Problems in admission campaign: <ul><li>The next step was an observation of admission campaign to higher educational institutions according to the results of EIT certificates </li></ul><ul><li>Lists with entrants, who were recommended to be admitted to HEIs, were not made public </li></ul><ul><li>Many privilege categories were introduced, which violated the norms of Constitution about equal access to education for all the citizens of Ukraine </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  11. 11. Peculiarities of admission campaign: <ul><li>The “Regulations on public control over preparation and conduct of external independent testing and admission campaign at higher educational institutions” was not enough for monitoring admission campaign, since the procedures did not determine the frames of what could be monitored. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher educational institutions were not interested in cooperation with us (in comparison with UCEQA ) </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  12. 12. What have we done (methodology): <ul><li>Analysis of the Rules of admission at 73 higher educational institutions according to the sample (2008, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of authenticity of medical certificates presented by entrants </li></ul><ul><li>Media campaign </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hot line” for entrants was available </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  13. 13. Recommendations: <ul><li>To decrease the number of privilege categories in order to prevent possible corrupt schemes </li></ul><ul><li>To exclude the following privilege categories from the Rules of admission in HEIs: </li></ul><ul><li>School graduates with silver and gold medals; </li></ul><ul><li>Graduates of extra courses organized by HEIs since it prevents from equal access to education. </li></ul><ul><li>To create an electronic data base of EIT certificate results. </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  14. 14. OPORA’s achievements: <ul><li>EIT and school curriculum do not overlap </li></ul><ul><li>The operation of Regional Center s for Educational Quality Assessment is unified </li></ul><ul><li>Graduates of study courses organized by HEIs have no privileges while being admitted </li></ul><ul><li>The data base “Konkurs” was placed in the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>A new Law of Ukraine has been elaborated, however it is not adopted yet </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring NGOs gained entrants’ and their parents’ trust, and hereby the public attitude towards monitoring NGOs has changed. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Data base “Konkurs” (“Competition”) Civil Network OPORA
  16. 16. New challenges for 2010: <ul><li>New Law of Ukraine “On higher education in Ukraine” has not been adopted yet </li></ul><ul><li>New President in his pre-election program declared EIT cancellation </li></ul><ul><li>Remained privilege categories </li></ul><ul><li>No amendments to the “Regulations on public control over admission campaign at higher educational institutions”. </li></ul>Civil Network OPORA
  17. 17. Thank you for attention <ul><li>Civil Network OPORA, </li></ul><ul><li>Lviv, Ukraine </li></ul>

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