Conflict resolution & complaints management


Published on

Presentation looking at how conflict and complaints can be managed within the workplace.

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Conflict resolution & complaints management

  1. 1. Conflict Resolution & Complaints Management David Stonehouse Senior Lecturer
  2. 2. Think of a Time When You have Been In Conflict, Either Inside or Outside of work. <ul><li>What happened? What was the conflict about? </li></ul><ul><li>How did you react? What did you do and say? </li></ul><ul><li>How did you feel at the time? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you feel about the situation now? </li></ul><ul><li>If you were in a similar situation again, what would you do differently? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definitions <ul><li>Conflict: </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreement between two parties, mostly regarded as negative, but can also be very positive!! </li></ul><ul><li>“ the internal or external discord that results from differences in ideas, values, or feelings between two or more people”(Marquis and Huston, 2009:487). </li></ul><ul><li>However, as Mullins (2010:97) states: “Conflict is not necessarily a bad thing, but can be an agent for evolution and internal and external change.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definitions <ul><li>Conflict Resolution: “The process of working through opposing views in order to reach a common goal or mutual purpose.” (Stonehouse, 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>If done successfully, “it brings important issues out into the open, facilitates honest and spontaneous sharing of views and provides information that improves participants’ knowledge about the issues” (Grohar-Murray and Langan, 2011:93). </li></ul>
  5. 5. What Is Conflict?
  6. 6. Myths About Conflict <ul><li>Blame: It’s the other person who is at fault </li></ul><ul><li>Fear: Conflict is always bad – confronting it directly will probably make the situation worse </li></ul><ul><li>Denial: If I ignore it, it will go away </li></ul>
  7. 7. Conflict <ul><li>“ A conflict of ideas can be healthy if it leads to constructive critical evaluation and change in practice. </li></ul><ul><li>A conflict in personalities is often much more difficult to resolve.” (Davy & Gallagher, 2006:168) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Behavioural response to conflict <ul><li>Avoidance </li></ul><ul><li>Accommodating / compromising </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Anger; aggression; violence </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative – problem solving & solution finding </li></ul><ul><li>Which responses do you think you are more likely to use? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Physiological & psychological response to conflict <ul><li>Anxiety & tension </li></ul><ul><li>Stress – high blood pressure; rapid heart rate; reduced resistance to infection </li></ul><ul><li>High sickness levels </li></ul><ul><li>Demoralisation; de-motivation; burnout </li></ul><ul><li>Mood swings; depression </li></ul><ul><li>Substance use / abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Development of assertive skills </li></ul><ul><li>Inner strength </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>It is natural </li></ul><ul><li>It can be a motivator for change </li></ul><ul><li>Its not about winning or losing </li></ul><ul><li>Its about learning, growing and co-operating to lead to a resolution </li></ul><ul><li>It is about acknowledgement and appreciation of differences </li></ul>What is Conflict?
  11. 11. <ul><li>It will happen!! </li></ul><ul><li>Some conflicts can be minimised </li></ul><ul><li>Some are unavoidable and should not be suppressed or smoothed over </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution does not have to result in win or lose </li></ul>What do we know about Conflict in the Workplace?
  12. 12. <ul><li>Misunderstandings </li></ul><ul><li>Personality clashes </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for resources </li></ul><ul><li>Authority Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of co-operation </li></ul><ul><li>Differences over method or style </li></ul><ul><li>Low performance </li></ul><ul><li>Value or goal difference </li></ul>Causes of Negative Conflict
  13. 13. <ul><li>It is a catalyst for constructive change </li></ul><ul><li>Heightens awareness of other peoples attitudes and beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges your beliefs to achieve, personal or professional learning and growth </li></ul><ul><li>It enhances mutual respect and collaboration </li></ul>Conflict is Valuable When….
  14. 14. <ul><li>It diverts energy from more important issues and tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Deepens differences in values </li></ul><ul><li>Polarises groups so co-operation is reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Destroys the morale of people or reinforces poor self concepts </li></ul>Conflict is Destructive When....
  15. 15. Resolution & Communication <ul><li>Put your effort into listening, not arguing </li></ul><ul><li>Engage in inquiry instead of accusation </li></ul><ul><li>Listen for what you can understand, Clarify the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Be open to new information </li></ul><ul><li>Make an effort not to be defensive. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Control emotional responses </li></ul><ul><li>Seek understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Identify needs and common interests </li></ul><ul><li>Seek mutual benefits or purpose. </li></ul>4 Key Components of Conflict Resolution
  17. 17. Using Conflict Constructively <ul><li>Define the problem / issue </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the activity creating conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the levels & accuracy of the information </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the climate in which conflict arises & in which it will be managed </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise, respect & respond to the feelings of those involved </li></ul><ul><li>Note the similarities as well as differences of all concerned </li></ul>
  18. 18. Resolution – de-escalation Acting in a way to obtain agreement satisfying for all parties concerned: <ul><li>Need to be self aware - stay calm & focused </li></ul><ul><li>Need to be able to ‘put yourself in the other person’s shoes’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>identify individual’s perceptions & validate feelings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use assertive techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Be clear about what needs to be achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid un-achievable promises but take personal responsibility for what you can achieve. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Complaints Management <ul><li>Complaints should be viewed as a positive!! </li></ul><ul><li>They are one mechanism that quality can be assured and improved upon (Barlow and Moller, 2008). </li></ul>
  20. 20. Your Role In Complaints Management <ul><li>Take the complaint seriously. If a parent, child or young person has taken the time to complain then the issue or problem is something which is important to them (Bonel & Lindon, 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to and try and understand the other person’s point of view. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Your Role In Complaints Management <ul><li>Local resolution. Is there anything that can be done immediately? </li></ul><ul><li>Communication is the key to success. Fully involve and inform the person making the complaint. So they know what has been done to address their concerns and what still needs to be done. </li></ul>
  22. 22. How To Handle Complaints <ul><li>Give it your whole attention </li></ul><ul><li>Get the verbal's right </li></ul><ul><li>Get the non-verbal's right </li></ul><ul><li>Get the environment right </li></ul><ul><li>Do not make false promises or agree to things that are beyond your control or responsibility. </li></ul><ul><li>It has nothing to do with winning an argument. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Learning from & Dealing With Complaints <ul><li>Provides an opportunity for you to see yourself and your service as others see you and to identify the issues which concern children and families. </li></ul><ul><li>Rectify a past mistake & enable services to be put right for the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Well handled it can increase a person’s trust in the service. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify adverse events which otherwise might have gone undetected. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Follow your settings policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Informal with line manager </li></ul><ul><li>Formal, involve Human Resources, may have Union Representative </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome (EHU) 28 days </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal 10 days (EHU) from outcome. Decision of appeal manager is final. </li></ul>Grievance A member of staff may take out a grievance against another. Usually about health & safety, Work relationships, New working practices, working environment, Equal opportunities, inappropriate behaviour, unfair/ inequitable treatment.
  25. 25. <ul><li>This could be resolved informally with your line manager </li></ul><ul><li>May need to be formal with a disciplinary panel. This must be fair, equitable, open, transparent, & inclusive . </li></ul><ul><li>Witnesses will make statements and are protected in their job role </li></ul><ul><li>Panel needs to maintain confidentiality establish facts relevant to the case and decide on a course of action </li></ul><ul><li>A union Representative may attend for the client </li></ul>Possible Disciplinary Process?
  26. 26. To Conclude <ul><li>Do not be frightened of complaints. </li></ul><ul><li>Involve more senior staff at all times </li></ul><ul><li>Follow guidance set down in local policies & procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>Document the complaint & any action taken </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t take it personally </li></ul><ul><li>Any Questions? </li></ul>
  27. 27. Bibliography <ul><li>Barlow, J. And Moller, C. (2008) A Complaint is a Gift: Recovering Customer Loyalty When Things Go Wrong. Second Edition. San Francisco, California: Berrett-Koehler Publishers. </li></ul><ul><li>Bonel, P. & Lindon, J. (2009) Good Practice in Playwork. Third Edition. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes Ltd. </li></ul><ul><li>Davy, A. & Gallagher, J. (2006) New Playwork: Play and Care for Children 4 – 16. Fourth Edition. London: Thomson Learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Grohar-Murray, M. E. and Langan, J. (2011) Leadership And </li></ul><ul><li>Management In Nursing. Fourth Edition. London: Pearson. </li></ul><ul><li>Marquis, B. L. & Huston, C. J. (2009) Leadership Roles and </li></ul><ul><li>Management Functions in Nursing. Sixth Edition. Philadelphia: </li></ul><ul><li>Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. </li></ul><ul><li>Mullins, L. J. (2010) Management And Organisational Behaviour. Ninth </li></ul><ul><li>Edition. London: Financial Times Prentice Hall. </li></ul><ul><li>Stonehouse, D. (2011) ‘Conflict at work: how support </li></ul><ul><li>staff can handle it.’ British Journal of Healthcare Assistants. Nov. Vol. 05 No 11. </li></ul>