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Radio Production

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This presentation discusses how use of community radio in an international development context, and illustrates ways to use Audacity as a tool to edit audio.

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Radio Production

  1. 1. Community Radio
  2. 2. I. Radio Strategies
  3. 3. Making Contact <ul><li>General Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Common pitfalls </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Feasibility/Needs </li></ul>
  4. 4. Producing a Show <ul><li>Pick your topic </li></ul><ul><li>Write your script </li></ul><ul><li>Think about relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to the right people </li></ul><ul><li>Involve the community </li></ul><ul><li>Make it interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Record and edit </li></ul><ul><li>Jazz it up </li></ul><ul><li>Export and/or air it </li></ul><ul><li>Archive </li></ul>
  5. 5. Intro to Radio Technology <ul><li>Most stations will have: </li></ul><ul><li>Mixing desk </li></ul><ul><li>Microphones/headphones </li></ul><ul><li>Portable recording device </li></ul><ul><li>Computer w/ library management software </li></ul><ul><li>Cassette and/or CD deck </li></ul>
  6. 6. Show Formats <ul><li>Drama </li></ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul><ul><li>News </li></ul><ul><li>Counterpart hosts </li></ul><ul><li>Commercials/PSAs </li></ul>
  7. 7. Show Components <ul><li>Intro / Outro </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Content </li></ul><ul><li>Public service announcements </li></ul><ul><li>Commercials </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>'You're Listening' blurbs </li></ul><ul><li>Call-in </li></ul>
  8. 8. Beyond the Show <ul><li>Technology training </li></ul><ul><li>Financial management </li></ul><ul><li>Station promotion and money raising </li></ul><ul><li>Audience evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who's listening? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How large is your audience? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is your message coming across? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Part II:
  10. 10. Using Audacity <ul><li>What is Audacity and why use it? </li></ul><ul><li>Installing Audacity </li></ul><ul><li>Installing mp3 lib extension </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting your microphone </li></ul><ul><li>Setting Levels </li></ul><ul><li>Select Track Type </li></ul><ul><li>Recording </li></ul><ul><li>Editing </li></ul><ul><li>Exporting </li></ul>
  11. 11. What is Audacity and why are we using it? <ul><li>Audacity Is: </li></ul><ul><li>A Multi-track audio editor </li></ul><ul><li>Capable of importing / recording, modifying, and exporting audio </li></ul><ul><li>We are using it because it is: </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source </li></ul><ul><li>Portable </li></ul>
  12. 12. Installing Audacity <ul><li>Download the latest version </li></ul><ul><li>Save it to your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Run the install file </li></ul><ul><li>Save the install file to pass on to friends! </li></ul><ul><li>Run Audacity </li></ul>
  13. 13. Installing the LAME MP3 encoder <ul><li>To allow the export of .mp3 files (which are much smaller), a special encoder is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the instructions in Audacity after attempting to export an .mp3 without the encoder </li></ul>
  14. 14. Connecting your microphone <ul><li>Connect your device. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure the mic and headphone connections are made correctly. </li></ul><ul><li>Check to make sure your device is working. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Setting Levels <ul><li>Open Audacity </li></ul><ul><li>Select your input/output devices </li></ul><ul><li>Begin monitoring audio </li></ul><ul><li>Adjust gain, beginning from the microphone </li></ul><ul><li>Maximize volume without clipping </li></ul>
  16. 16. Selecting Track Type <ul><li>Open Edit -> Preferences </li></ul><ul><li>Select 1 (Mono) in the channels settings </li></ul><ul><li>Recording in mono reduces file size and is easier to work with </li></ul><ul><li>For radio shows, mono is perfectly adequate </li></ul>
  17. 17. Recording <ul><li>Place your cursor where you want to start recording </li></ul><ul><li>Press record to begin a new track </li></ul><ul><li>Press shift + record to begin recording from the cursor position, in the selected track </li></ul><ul><li>Say what you want to say, play what you want to play </li></ul><ul><li>Press record again, or press stop </li></ul><ul><li>Rinse, lather, repeat... </li></ul>
  18. 18. Editing <ul><li>Normalize all tracks </li></ul><ul><li>Move all clips to one track per artist - 'Time Shift Tool' </li></ul><ul><li>From the beginnig, begin listening and editing </li></ul><ul><li>Cut out mistakes - 'Selection Tool' </li></ul><ul><li>When you arrive at music, cut the object - SPLIT command </li></ul><ul><li>Import all external audio files </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to all transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Export your show </li></ul>
  19. 19. Exporting <ul><li>Select File -> Export </li></ul><ul><li>Type a name for your exported show </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: make sure you know where you're saving the file; i.e.: don't lose it. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ensure that 'MP3 Files' is selected </li></ul><ul><li>Select Options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constant Bitrate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>128 kbps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint Stereo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Select Save </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Next Step <ul><li>Audacity Recording Manual (http://audacity.sourceforge.net/manual-1.2/) </li></ul><ul><li>PC Senegal's Quickstart Audacity Manual (radio oriented, coming soon) </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment! </li></ul>

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