Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Belmont Resources Inc. (Kibby Basin, Nevada) Quantec Spartan/MT survey full report

473 views

Published on

Belmont Resources Inc. (Kibby Basin, Esmeralda County, Nevada)- Quantec Spartan/MT survey full report .

Published in: Investor Relations
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Belmont Resources Inc. (Kibby Basin, Nevada) Quantec Spartan/MT survey full report

  1. 1. GEOPHYSICAL REPORT FOR SPARTAN MT SURVEY OVER THE KIBBY BASIN AREA (HAWTHORNE, NEVADA) ON BEHALF OF BELMONT RESOURCES INC. February 28, 2018 CA01131S Quantec Geoscience Ltd 146 Sparks Ave., Toronto, ON M2H 2S4 Canada +1-416-306-1941
  2. 2. Report Disclaimer: Quantec Geoscience holds a Certificate of Authorization from the Association of Professional Geoscientists of Ontario (APGO) to perform the work presented in this report. Quantec employed qualified professionals to carry out the data analysis and interpretation presented in this geophysical report. Statements made in this report represent opinions that consider information available at the time of writing the report. Although every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the material contained in this report, complete certainty cannot be guaranteed due to the interpretive nature of the work which may include mathematically derived solutions that are inherently non-unique. Therefore, the estimated physical parameters of the subsurface may have no direct relation to the possible economic value of any mineralization. There is no guarantee or representation to the user as to the level of accuracy, currency, suitability, completeness, usefulness, or reliability of this information for any purpose. Therefore, decisions made based on this work are solely the responsibility of the end user. It is incumbent upon the end user to examine the data and results delivered and make Quantec aware of any perceived deficiencies.
  3. 3. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | iii CA01131S: Kibby Basin Area EX E C U T I V E SU M M A R Y This report presents the logistics and the results of the analysis of the Magnetotelluric survey completed over the Kibby Basin, Nevada, by Quantec Geoscience Ltd on behalf of Belmont Resources Inc. It describes the instrumentation, data acquisition and processing procedures, as well as the final processed data and digital archive formats. It presents the procedures for the analysis and the inversion of the Magnetotelluric data, and an interpretation of the results in context with the survey objectives and significance to future exploration. The Magnetotelluric (MT) survey was completed during January 2018. The survey measured MT data at a total of 49 sites distributed along an XY grid with a site separation of 1000 m. The Magnetotelluric data were processed and inspected on site and reviewed daily by the geophysicist in charge of the project. The final processed survey results delivered with the report includes Single Site EDI files (one per site) of the final processed data containing Complex Spectral Matrices at each frequency, and Single Site ASCII Survey files (one per site, and one combining all the sites) containing Latitude and Longitude, Projected (UTM) East and North coordinates, and Grid coordinates of the sites. The MT data surveyed were analysed using 3D inversion. The results of the 3D inversion are presented along 2D cross-sections along grid X and Y axes (1000m line separation) extracted from the 3D model, and on several elevation plan maps from surface down to 3km depth. The results from the gravity model from Wright (2016) are incorporated in the discussion to complement to the Magnetotelluric survey results. The MT resistivity results clearly map a more conductive zone at approximately 500m depth. This conductive zone is relatively thin in the west of the grid, but its depth, thickness and conductivity seems to increase east of 430300E and north of 4243630N. The changes observed in the sub-horizontal conductive zone are correlated with a deep lateral variation of the resistivity near 429300E. This variation of the resistivity at depth is interpreted as mapping a potential contact. This contact has been also inferred in the gravity results (Wright, 2016). The variation of the conductive layer also correlates with the increase of the Basin depth as defined from the gravity results (Wright, 2016). There is a very good correlation between the depth of the deep resistive unit mapped from the MT results and the Basin depth mapped from the gravity model for lines north of 4245630N. The zone defined between 4244630N and 4247630N and between 430300E and 432300E is characterized by a thick and conductive zone that may represent a potential target for Li-brines. This correlates with the area where the Basin depth seems to reach a maximum and is localised east of a potential contact at depth, and consistent with the gravity results. It is strongly recommended to integrate in 3D the MT results with the regional faults and geological information, and the gravity information. It will help in the interpretation of the structures present and should be used to target a drilling location. To enhance the resolution at depth, it is recommended to extend the MT survey to cover the gravity survey boundaries, with infill in the central section of the current grid to increase resolution of the apparent structures.
  4. 4. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 5 Ref. Project: CA01131S TA B L E O F CO N T E N T S List of Figures ................................................................................................................................................7 List of tables..................................................................................................................................................8 1. Introduction .....................................................................................................................................9 1.1. Client Information...............................................................................................................9 1.2. Project General Information...............................................................................................9 1.3. List of deliverables ............................................................................................................11 1.3.1. Digital Archives ....................................................................................................11 2. Survey Logistics..............................................................................................................................14 2.1. Access................................................................................................................................14 2.2. Grid Area...........................................................................................................................14 2.3. Production Summary ........................................................................................................14 2.4. Survey Coverage Summary...............................................................................................14 2.5. Quantec Personnel ...........................................................................................................16 2.6. Health and Safety Environment (HSE) ..............................................................................17 2.6.1. Hazard Assessment and Control..........................................................................17 2.6.2. Systems and Procedures......................................................................................17 2.6.3. Reporting .............................................................................................................17 2.6.4. Emergency Response...........................................................................................17 3. Survey Specification.......................................................................................................................18 3.1. Instrumentation................................................................................................................18 3.2. Survey Layout....................................................................................................................19 3.3. Magneto-Telluric Survey parameters...............................................................................20 3.3.1. Geometry.............................................................................................................20 3.3.2. Acquisition and Processing Parameters...............................................................20 3.3.3. Field Test..............................................................................................................22 3.3.4. Data Presentation................................................................................................22 3.3.5. Ap Index...............................................................................................................22 3.4. Comments on Measured Data..........................................................................................23 4. Overview of Inversion Procedures.................................................................................................25 5. Previous work ................................................................................................................................28
  5. 5. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 6 Ref. Project: CA01131S 6. Inversion Results and Interpretation.............................................................................................30 7. Conclusion and recommendations ................................................................................................54 APPENDIX A. Production Summary ........................................................................................................57 APPENDIX B. Geosoft Sections and Plan Maps ......................................................................................61 APPENDIX C. Survey Coverage ...............................................................................................................81 APPENDIX D. MT Measured data............................................................................................................83 APPENDIX E. Parallel Sensor Test.........................................................................................................109 APPENDIX F. MT Remote Test..............................................................................................................131 APPENDIX G. Instrument Specifications...............................................................................................137 APPENDIX H. References ......................................................................................................................143
  6. 6. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 7 Ref. Project: CA01131S LI S T O F FI G U R E S Figure 1-1: General Location Map. .............................................................................................................10 Figure 2-1: MT Survey Coverage Map.........................................................................................................15 Figure 3-1: Survey Acquisition Layout.........................................................................................................19 Figure 3-2: Magnetic signal Ap index (magnetic signal strength) during the project.................................22 Figure 3-3: Site Layout - field photo (Belmont Resource Inc.)....................................................................24 Figure 4-1: View of the 3D Mesh for the MT inversion. .............................................................................27 Figure 5-1: Gravity Total Gradient (Wright, 2016) with MT sites location. ................................................29 Figure 5-2: Basin Depth Model (from Gravity, Wright, 2016) with MT sites location................................29 Figure 6-1: Misfit curve of the 3D inversion. ..............................................................................................35 Figure 6-2: Misfit plan map of the 3D inversion – model # stage01-iter05 (iteration #8)..........................35 Figure 6-3: Plan map of the apparent -resistivity at 10k Hz. ......................................................................36 Figure 6-4: Plan map of the apparent -resistivity and induction vectors at 10s.........................................37 Figure 6-5: Plan map of the apparent -resistivity and induction vectors at 300s.......................................38 Figure 6-6: View from North, South, East, and West of the 3D resistivity values lower than 10 Ohm-m from the 3D MT model. ..............................................................................................................................39 Figure 6-7: MT 3D results along L4216630N...............................................................................................40 Figure 6-8: MT 3D results along L4242630N...............................................................................................41 Figure 6-9: MT 3D results along L4243630N...............................................................................................42 Figure 6-10: MT 3D results along L4244630N.............................................................................................43 Figure 6-11: MT 3D results along L4245630N.............................................................................................44 Figure 6-12: MT 3D results along L4246630N.............................................................................................45 Figure 6-13: MT 3D results along L4247630N.............................................................................................46 Figure 6-14: MT 3D results along L427300E. ..............................................................................................47 Figure 6-15: MT 3D results along L428300E. ..............................................................................................48 Figure 6-16: MT 3D results along L429300E. ..............................................................................................49 Figure 6-17: MT 3D results along L430300E. ..............................................................................................50 Figure 6-18: MT 3D results along L431300E. ..............................................................................................51
  7. 7. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 8 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-19: MT 3D results along L432300E. ..............................................................................................52 Figure 6-20: MT 3D results along L433300E. ..............................................................................................53 LI S T O F T A B L E S Table 1-1: Contents of the digital archive attached to the report..............................................................13 Table 4-1: Summary of the parameters used in the MT 3D inversions. .....................................................26
  8. 8. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 9 Ref. Project: CA01131S 1. IN T R O D U C T I O N This report presents the logistics of the Spartan MT survey completed from January 18th to January 26th 2018 over the Kibby Basin Area by Quantec Geoscience Ltd on behalf of Belmont Resources Inc.. 1.1. CLIENT INFORMATION Name: Belmont Resources Inc. Address: Suite 600 – 625 Howe Street Vancouver, British Columbia, V6C 2T6 Canada Representative: Gary Musil, CFO/Director gmusil@belmontresources.com Telephone: (604) 683-6648 Bob Cuffney, client representative oreseeker@gmail.com 1.2. PROJECT GENERAL INFORMATION Quantec Project Manager: Kevin Blackshaw Quantec Project Number: CA01131S Report prepared by: Benoît Tournerie, D.Sc., P.Geo Project Name: Kibby Basin Area Survey Type: Spartan MT General Location: Approximately 75 km East-southeast of Hawthorne, see Figure 1-1. Long/Lat: 89°15’3.72”W, 48°41'6.06”N UTM: 430300m E, 4244600m N Datum: WGS84 – 11NH Survey Period: from January 18th to January 26th 2018
  9. 9. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 10 Ref. Project: CA01131S Project Objective: The objective of the Magnetotelluric survey is to map potential saturated Li brine in the Kibby Basin project area. Such Li-rich brine should be associated with a very conductive zone at depth as “Lithium brine deposits are accumulations of saline groundwater that are enriched in dissolved lithium.”1 Figure 1-1: General Location Map. 1 A Preliminary Deposit Model for Lithium Brines, by Dwight Bradley, LeeAnn Munk, Hillary Jochens, Scott Hynek, and Keith Labay. USGS Open-File Report 2013–1006.
  10. 10. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 11 Ref. Project: CA01131S 1.3. LIST OF DELIVERABLES The final deliverables include the following: • Field Data: o GPS Survey ▪ Single-site ASCII Survey files • Each file includes Latitude and Longitude, Projected (UTM) East and North coordinates, and Grid coordinates of the site; o Magnetotelluric (MT) Survey ▪ Single site EDI files of the final processed data (raw and edited) containing Complex Spectral Matrices at each frequency • Inversion Results o 3D models ▪ Geosoft voxel of the MT3D inversion, clipped to survey area; ▪ Geosoft Plan maps at various Elevation levels of the 3D model; ▪ Geosoft Cross-sections at various grid X and Y coordinates of the 3D model. 1.3.1.Digital Archives 1.3.1.1. Field Data Archive The raw field data are delivered on a hard disk drive and comprise the following: Time Series: Raw event files (e.g., Eventxxxx.dat), provided with log files having information on the location and time of the event (QuickLay digital format). Processed MT Data: Daily processing runs in QuickLay digital format saved as ‘.MT’ files linked with SDM files containing auto- and cross-power spectral estimates for each sampling band and site; Spectra are in right-hand positive down coordinate system. Processed SDM formatted data are band-merged into geo-referenced EDI files containing auto- and cross- power spectral estimates for individual stations;
  11. 11. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 12 Ref. Project: CA01131S EDI Format: Single site format = one site per EDI file EDI files have X at 0° True (i.e., ROTSPEC=0) EDI is a format conforming to the SEG standard for the storage of Magnetotelluric data (Wight, D. E., 1987). 1.3.1.2. Digital Archive Attached to the Report The digital archive accompanying this report contains the final processed data, including survey files, processing notes and a copy of this report. The digital archive also contains the 3D inversion results, and all the Geosoft product (databases, 3D voxels, etc) related to the 3D inversion results. Table 4-1 provide a more detailed summary of the digital archive delivered with this report.
  12. 12. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 13 Ref. Project: CA01131S Table 1-1: Contents of the digital archive attached to the report. Directory Contents Report Geophysical report (.PDF) Other Documents (Presentation, Memos) Include Presentation documents Logistics EDI Final processed MT data (.EDI); includes Site Location data (survey files) Remote Daily processed data at the remote site 1D_occam 1D Occam inversion of the raw data FieldReports Various tracking documents LocationMap Geosoft Location map, with related databases Geosoft BaseMaps Geosoft Survey location databases and Geosoft plan maps (.map) and related PNG files (.png) inv3D 3D model’s files; include imported UBC3D files 3D voxels inv3D_planMaps Geosoft plan maps extracted from the 3D resistivity model inv3D_sectionsEW Geosoft 2D sections extracted from the 3D model sections along the EW direction EW_S4241630N to EW_S4247630N inv3D_ sectionsNS Geosoft 2D sections extracted from the 3D model sections along the NS direction invMT AOA-Geotools Quantec AOA-Geotools database CGG-Geotools CGG Geotools database WS3Dinv Include input and output files for the 3D inversion
  13. 13. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 14 Ref. Project: CA01131S 2. SU R V E Y LO G I S T I C S 2.1. ACCESS Base of Operations: Holiday Lodge, Hawthorne, Nevada Mode of Access: Grid: Truck Site: Truck, Foot 2.2. GRID AREA Established by: Client prior to survey execution Coordinate Reference System: Grid referenced to UTM Coordinates Datum & Projection: WGS84, zone 11NH Grid Azimuth: Grid N is 00° True Magnetic Declination: 12°E Site Location: Handheld GPS 2.3. PRODUCTION SUMMARY Details of Survey Production: see APPENDIX A-Production Summary Survey Period (total): from January 18th to January 26th 2018 9 days Survey Days (read time): 6 days 2.4. SURVEY COVERAGE SUMMARY Details of Survey Coverage: see APPENDIX C-Survey Coverage. Number of Site Surveyed: 49 sites surveyed 49 EDI delivered (one per site)
  14. 14. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 15 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 2-1: MT Survey Coverage Map.
  15. 15. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 16 Ref. Project: CA01131S 2.5. QUANTEC PERSONNEL Project Manager: Kevin Blackshaw Project Geophysicist: Benoît Tournerie Field Geophysicist/Data Processor(s): Emily Data Kristian Koschany Field/Operations Manager: Benjamin Lane Field HSE Coordinator: Sashy Premaratne MT Operator(s): Liz Espinoza Sashy Premaratne Devin Smith Field Technician(s): Alexander Cadmus Garett Dosch Andrei Ulyanov
  16. 16. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 17 Ref. Project: CA01131S 2.6. HEALTH AND SAFETY ENVIRONMENT (HSE) Quantec Geoscience is committed to conducting its activities in a manner that will safeguard and protect the health and safety of all Quantec personnel, colleagues, co-workers, clients, the public and the environment. 2.6.1.Hazard Assessment and Control Prior to mobilization, Quantec HSE compiled a hazard inventory for the project and risk assessments were completed for the tasks involved in conducting the work. On the basis of the risk assessments, corresponding Job Safety Analyses (JSA) were prepared defining safe work procedures. 2.6.2.Systems and Procedures All personnel were equipped with any personal protective equipment (PPE) required for the work. One Quantec crew member was assigned as an HSE coordinator to assist the Field Manager with implementation of HSE procedures and reporting. Daily safety meetings of Quantec personnel were conducted each morning prior to commencement of work to review safe work procedures and discuss any prior incidents, daily plans and potential hazards. Vehicle circle checks were completed by drivers before departure. 2.6.3.Reporting Daily reports were sent by email to both Quantec and the client representative, including: • Daily operations plan for each acquisition team. • Minutes of Quantec crew daily Safety meetings. • Incident Reports if required. 2.6.4.Emergency Response With the help of the client and Quantec HSE an emergency response system was put in place in case of any unforeseen circumstances. This included the plan and routing the crew would take to get someone to help as well as the proper protocol the crew would take to relay if help was needed. Daily steps were taken to reduce the likelihood of not being prepared which could range from having fueled up truck to daily truck inspections of first aid kits.
  17. 17. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 18 Ref. Project: CA01131S 3. SU R V E Y SP E C I F I C A T I O N 3.1. INSTRUMENTATION Receiver System(s): RT160Q Quantec Data Logger. Synchronisation: GPS clock (10 nsec precision). Receiver Electrodes: Ground contacts using pots were used at receiver electrodes. Magnetic Sensors [HF]: Geometrics G100K Magnetic Field Sensors Magnetic Sensors [LF]: Phoenix MTC50 Magnetic Field Sensors Phoenix MTC80 Magnetic Field Sensors See APPENDIX G - Instrument Specifications for more detailed information.
  18. 18. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 19 Ref. Project: CA01131S 3.2. SURVEY LAYOUT Figure 3-1: Survey Acquisition Layout.
  19. 19. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 20 Ref. Project: CA01131S 3.3. MAGNETO-TELLURIC SURVEY PARAMETERS 3.3.1.Geometry Technique: Tensor Magneto-telluric (MT) soundings processed with remote-reference Site Configuration: Cross-shaped E-field with HF and LF magnetic sensors located at each site; E-field (dipole) total length: Ex: 100 m Ey: 100 m Site orientation: Acquisition layout with X pointing at 0° True. Remote MT Configuration: L-shaped E-field with HF and LF magnetic sensors located at the site; the sensors are oriented in the same direction as the local sites. Remote Reference Position: UTM: 39585m E, 4247963m N (WGS 84, zone 11NH) Synchronization to Remote: GPS clock (10 nsec precision) 3.3.2.Acquisition and Processing Parameters Data Acquisition: Time-series acquisition and recording. Time-Series Sampling: HF1: 48,000 samples/sec HF2: 12,000 samples/sec LF1: 1,000 samples/sec LF2: 40 samples/sec (resampled from LF1) Time-Series Record Time: HF: minimum of 1 hour to maximum of storage capacity or until pick up LF: minimum of 12 to 16 hours to maximum of storage capacity or until pick up
  20. 20. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 21 Ref. Project: CA01131S HF and LF recording schedule is fixed and defined as follows: Band Sampling Start Duration HF1 48k Hz 16, 36, 56mn after the hour 30 sec each run HF2 12k Hz 0, 8, 20, 28, 40, 48mn after the hour 4 minutes each run LF 120 sps At logger deployment Continuous until pickup Frequency Bandwidth: 10,000 Hz to 0.001 Hz Calibration Folder: ver.2.001 {released: 2017/10/11} Processing: Quantec proprietary QuickLay software (ver.5.1.12.0) coupled with Egbert MT processing code2 : 1) Coherent noise rejection using remote-reference 2) Proprietary digital filtering (scrubbing) 3) Coherency sorting 4) Impedance estimate stacking Default configuration set to output 12pts per decade; Data processed to output X at 0° True Processed Data: Auto and Cross-power Spectral estimates for individual stations and sampling band archived as SDM (Spectral Density Matrix: Egbert output) files; Results are band-merged, edited, and saved as SEG-EDI3 (Electronic Data Interchange) files. Data Editor: Quantec proprietary MTeditor software (ver.2.32); 2 Egbert, G.D., Robust multiple station magnetotelluric data processing, Geophys. J. Int., 130, 475-496, 1997. 3 EDI is a format conforming to SEG standard for the storage of magnetotelluric (MT) data (Wight, D. E., 1987).
  21. 21. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 22 Ref. Project: CA01131S 3.3.3.Field Test Parallel Sensor Test: A Parallel sensor test of the equipment was completed at the beginning of the survey. The test results are presented in APPENDIX E-Parallel Sensor Test. Remote Test: MT data was collected at the remote site before and during the survey. The pre-survey test results are presented in APPENDIX F-MT Remote Test. 3.3.4.Data Presentation Sounding Curves: Observed XY and YX Apparent Resistivities and Phases Observed Tzx and Tzy Tipper see APPENDIX D-MT Measured data. 3.3.5.Ap Index Magnetic signal as reported by the Ap4 index varies from a minimum of 4 to a maximum of 10, with an average of 7 during the project. Figure 3-2: Magnetic signal Ap index (magnetic signal strength) during the project. 4 Ap Index reported on the processing notes were uploaded from URL: http://www.gfz-potsdam.de/en/section/earths-magnetic-field/data-products-services/kp-index/
  22. 22. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 23 Ref. Project: CA01131S 3.4. COMMENTS ON MEASURED DATA The data quality is generally very good, as presented by smooth sounding curves, and low errors associated with the data points. The battery at the remote site died after 12hrs on the night of January 22-23rd. Sites KB046 and KB047 were processed using site KB005 as a local remote and the data were correct. From that night, the sites KB039, KB004, and KB011 were noisy and were identified to be repeated. A fourth site identified for repeat was KB041 (layout 0123) as it was also very noisy. For these four sites, the data quality has been improved significantly by the repeat measurement.
  23. 23. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 24 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 3-3: Site Layout - field photo (Belmont Resource Inc.)
  24. 24. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 25 Ref. Project: CA01131S 4. OV E R V I E W O F IN V E R S I O N PR O C E D U R E S 4.1. MAGNETOTELLURIC INVERSION The Magnetotelluric (MT) method is a natural source EM method that measures the variation of both the electric (E) and magnetic (H) field on the surface of the earth to determine the distribution at depth of the resistivity of the underlying rocks. A complete review of the method is presented in Vozoff (1972) and Orange (1989). The measured MT impedance Z, defined by the ratio between the E and H fields, is a tensor of complex numbers. This tensor is generally represented by an apparent resistivity (a parameter proportional to the modulus of Z) and a phase (argument of Z). The variation of those parameters with frequency relates the variations of the resistivity with depth, the high frequencies sampling the sub-surface and the low frequencies the deeper part of the earth. However, the apparent resistivity and the phase have an opposite behaviour. An increase of the phase indicates a more conductive zone than the host rocks and is associated with a decrease of the apparent resistivity. The objective of the inversion of MT data is to compute a distribution of the resistivity of the surface that explains the variations of the MT parameters, i.e. the response of the model that fits the observed data. The solution however is not unique and different inversions must be performed (different programs, different conditions) to test and compare solutions for artefacts versus a target anomaly. An additional parameter acquired during MT survey is the Tipper. Tipper parameters Tzx and Tzy (complex numbers) represent the transfer function between the vertical magnetic field and the horizontal X (Tzx), and Y (Tzy) magnetic fields respectively (as the impedance Z represent the transfer function between the electric and magnetic fields). This tipper is a ‘local’ effect, mainly defined by the lateral contrast of the resistivity. Consequently, the tipper can be used to estimate the geological strike direction. Another important use of the tipper is to display its components as vectors, named induction vectors. The induction vectors (defined by the real components of Tzx and Tzy) plotted following the Parkinson-Real-Reverse-Angle convention will point to the conductive zones. The tipper is then a good mapping tool to delineate more conductive zones. The depth of investigation is determined primarily by the frequency content of the measurement. Depth estimates from any individual sounding may easily exceed 20 km. However, the data can only be confidently interpreted when the aperture of the array is comparable to the depth of investigation. The inversion model is dependent on the data, but also on the associated data errors and the model norm. The inversion models are not unique, may contain artefacts of the inversion process and may not therefore accurately reflect all of the information apparent in the actual data. Inversion models need to be reviewed in context with the observed data and model fit. The influence of the model norm used must be understood along with if the model is geologically plausible. For this project, 3D inversions were performed on the data.
  25. 25. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 26 Ref. Project: CA01131S 4.1.1. 3D inversion parameters The 3D inversion was carried out using the Weerachai Siripunvaraporn and Gary Egbert 3D inversion code (WSINV3DMT). The inversion algorithm is based on a data space variant of the Occam approach, and uses the parallel computing library MPI. The 3D inversions of the MT data were completed over an area of approximately 6km x 6km. All MT sites from this current survey were used for the 3D inversion. The 3D inversion was completed using a sub sample of the MT data with a maximum of 29 frequencies at each site covering the measured data from 10 kHz to 0.001 Hz with a nominal 4 frequencies per decade. At each site, off-diagonal elements of the MT complex impedance tensor were used as input data, i.e., Zxy & Zyx, with an associated error set to 5% on each parameter. No static shift has been applied. The Tipper Tzx and Tzy were also used in the 3D inversion, with errors set to 5% on each parameter. The topography was included in the MT3D inversion. A homogenous half space with resistivity of 10 Ohm-m was used as the starting model for this 3D MT inversion. A uniform mesh with 200mx200m cell size in the horizontal directions was used. The vertical mesh was defined to cover the first 6km. Padding cells were added in each direction to accommodate for boundary conditions in the inversion. The 3D inversion was set to run as a multi-phase task for a maximum of 5 iterations per stage using a multi-core processor computer. The best model defined by the lowest value RMS within a stage was used as the starting model for the next stage. The Model Length Scale of the WSINV3DMT inversion was reduced between stages. The reduction of the length-scale factor may help to resolve finer structures in the model (i.e. to differentiate two zones within one larger zone), but with the possible consequence of introducing more ‘scattering’ (small or false anomalies) in the model, especially in the near surface. A summary of the inversion parameters is provided in Table 4-1. Table 4-1: Summary of the parameters used in the MT 3D inversions. Number of sites 49 Grid Azimuth: 0 deg (this is the X direction of the MT data) Mesh cell size (without padding) Main Grid EW: 31 x 200m (total 6200m) Main Grid NS: 31 x 200m (total 6200m) Main Grid Z: 38 cells covering 6.5km 12x50m + 8x75m + 6x100m + 4x125 + 8*150m Padding coverage Over 75km in each X, Y, and Z direction Data used Complex Impedances Zxy & Zyx and tipper Tzx and Tzy at maximum 29 frequencies from 10 kHz to 0.001Hz, 4 frequencies per decade data rotation to X (i.e. Ex) at 0deg.
  26. 26. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 27 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 4-1: View of the 3D Mesh for the MT inversion.
  27. 27. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 28 Ref. Project: CA01131S 5. PR E V I O U S W O R K Source: http://www.belmontresources.com/kibby.htm Geologic research of the Kibby Basin has indicated that proximal rhyolitic flows and tuffs surrounding the basin could be a potential source for the possibility of saturated Li brine in the Kibby Basis Playa. In addition to this, the Kibby Playa is located within a geothermal cluster, at a basin low setting. Regional geophysical signatures in the area reflect similar anomalies comparative to that of the Clayton Valley, where Pure Energy Minerals (TSX.V: PE) has defined the largest Lithium (Li) Carbonate Equivalent (LCE) NI 43-101 Resource in the Clayton Valley, next to the only producing lithium mine (Albemarle’s –NYSE: ALB; Silver Peak Mine) in North America. Technical report: Kibby Basin Property, Esmeralda County, Nevada5 The Kibby Basin Property has potential to host lithium-bearing brines in a geologic setting similar to the continental brine model described to Clayton Valley. Zampirro (2003) described Clayton Valley as a graben feature with accumulated pluvial and interpluvial sediments which contain lithium-bearing brines. Geophysical report: Kibby Basin Property – Gravity survey6 A gravity survey has been completed prior of the Magnetotelluric survey. Geophysical maps from that report presenting the Gravity Total Gradient and the Basin Depth with geological interpretation are presented overlaid to the MT survey location on Figure 5-1 and Figure 5-2 respectively. These maps also present an inferred geological interpretation (derived from the Gravity Total Gradient). Figure 5-2 presenting the Basin Depth Grid with inferred geological features will be used as reference with the 3D results. 5 Technical Report Describing the Kibby Basin Property Centered on 431,624E - 4,243,747N UTM NAD83 Z11 in Esmeralda County, Nevada USA. Prepared for Belmont Resources Inc. May 26, 2016. 6 Kibby Basin Property – Gravity survey - basin model, submitted to Belmont Resources Inc by Wright Geophysics, June 16, 2016.
  28. 28. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 29 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 5-1: Gravity Total Gradient (Wright, 2016) with MT sites location. Figure 5-2: Basin Depth Model (from Gravity, Wright, 2016) with MT sites location.
  29. 29. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 30 Ref. Project: CA01131S 6. IN V E R S I O N RE S U L T S A N D IN T E R P R E T A T I O N The 3D inversion run in two stages; we didn’t noticed variations between the models from the last iterations and on so on the RMS curve. The model presented in the report is from stage01-iter05 (iteration #8). Figure 6-1 presents the evolution of the global misfit between measured and calculated data of the model during the various iterations. Figure 6-2 is a plan map of the distribution of the misfit for each site from the final model. The distribution of the misfit indicates that most of the sites have a relatively low misfit, i.e., average of approximately 2, indicating a statistical correlation between the data and the response of the model. A higher misfit to the data is however noticed in the center of the grid. This central area correlates with the sites where the MT data indicate high conductivity at the highest frequencies (i.e., very shallow depth; see Figure 6-3). This indicates the presence of very conductive material in the near surface below those sites that the 3D inversion had more difficulty in fitting. Figure 6-6 presents various views of the 3D resistivity values lower than 10 ohm-m from the 3D MT model. It has clearly mapped a very conductive sub-horizontal unit in the near surface. This conductive unit seems to out-crop near the centre of the grid (sites KB018, 019, 025, and 026). It also appears to dip slightly to the North-East. The 3D model displays a potential extension of the conductive zone at depth in the North-East corner of the grid (see Figure 6-6, south view). Figure 6-4 and Figure 6-5 are plan maps of the apparent resistivity and the induction vectors (i.e. Tipper) at 10s and 300s respectively. The induction vectors are pointing in the direction of the central, more conductive, zone. There is no clear indication from the data of a more conductive zone in the north-east of the grid, indicating instead a NS central conductive zone, with a possible contact on the west side. The deep conductive zone mapped on the north-east edge of 3D model could represent an artefact of the 3D inversion. The geometry of the sub-horizontal conductive zone and surrounding resistive units are better mapped on the cross-sections that go through the MT sites. Figure 6-7 to Figure 6-13 present the MT results along the grid-Y axis, from line L4241630N to L4247630N. Figure 6-14 to Figure 6-20 present the MT results along the grid-X axis, from line L427300E to L433300E. Each figure displays a location map where the Basin Depth map (see Figure 5-2) is overlain on to the MT sites.
  30. 30. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 31 Ref. Project: CA01131S L4241630N to L4247630N [Figure 6-7 to Figure 6-13] The MT resistivity results displayed along profiles oriented EW clearly map a more conductive zone in the first kilometer of the subsurface. The conductive zone is relatively thin in the west of the grid, but the depth, thickness and conductivity increase east of 429300E, and north of 4243630N. The change in thickness of the sub-horizontal conductive zone is correlated with a deep lateral variation of the resistivity near 429300E. This variation at depth is interpreted as mapping a contact at depth. This inferred contact has been also identified in the gravity results (Wright, 2016). The variation in the conductive layer also correlates with an increase in the Basin depth. There is a very good correlation between the depth of the deep resistive unit mapped from the MT results and the Basin depth mapped from gravity model for lines north of 4245630N. L4241630N [Figure 6-7] The section presents a sub-horizontal 250m thick conductive zone from 428500E to 432500E (KB002 to KB006) at approximately 600m depth. A more resistive zone is also mapped at large depth, presenting an inferred contact between sites KB002 and KB003 that correlates with an inferred contact defined in the gravity results by Wright, 2016. L4242630N [Figure 6-8] The section presents a sub-horizontal, increased conductivity zone from KB008 to KB014. The conductive layer appears thicker from KB011 to KB014. The depth of the resistive unit from KB008 to KB011 correlates with the Basin depth defined from the gravity model (Wright, 2016). The variation of thickness and of conductivity of the conductive unit seems to correlate with the increase of the Basin depth near KB012 (on that profile). However, the gravity reports a basin depth near 2.8km below KB012 while the MT section defines the top of the resistive unit near 1.5km depth. Lateral variation at depth with the more resistive unit are interpreted as potential contacts. The location of the inferred contact below KB009 seems to correlate with an inferred contact identified by Wright, 2016 (see plan map on top of Figure 6-8). A second-deep inferred contact identified below KB012 could be correlated with the increase of thickness of the top conductive unit. L4243630N [Figure 6-9] The section presents a sub-horizontal, more conductive zone from KB016 to KB021. The conductive layer appears thicker from KB018 to KB021, as observed in the previous section above. That MT model is presenting a wide conductive zone at depth below site KB017. This feature correlates with an inferred fault defined in the gravity results by Wright, 2016 (see plan map on top of Figure 6-9). The increase of thickness of the sub-horizontal conductive zone seems to correlate with the increase of the Basin depth defined from the gravity model. However, the depth of the more
  31. 31. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 32 Ref. Project: CA01131S resistive unit is inferred to represent the basement at a depth of approximately 1.5 km below the surface while the gravity interpretation reports a Basin depth nearer 3.2km. L4244630N [Figure 6-10] The section presents a sub-horizontal, more conductive zone, from KB023 to KB028. The conductive layer appears thicker from KB026 to KB027. The depth of the more resistive unit inferred to represent the basement is mapped near 1.5km to 2km depth between KB022 and KB025. This depth seems to correlate with the depth defined from the gravity model. Between sites KB026 and KB028, the top of the deep resistive unit remains near 2km, while the gravity results suggest a thicker basin. There is an apparent increase in the thickness and of the conductivity of the sub-horizontal conductive layer below these sites. The lateral variation of the resistivity at depth between KB022 and KB023 correlates to the inferred contact defined from the gravity results by Wright, 2016 (see plan map on top of Figure 6-10). L4245630N [Figure 6-11] This section presents a sub-horizontal more conductive zone from KB030 to KB034. The conductive layer appears more conductive and thicker from KB032 to KB034. The depth of the deep resistive unit from KB029 to KB032 from the MT results is found near 1km, correlating with the results from the gravity model. From KB032 to KB035, the top of the resistive zone is mapped near 3km depth, correlating well with the gravity model. The lateral variation near KB031 observed at depth also correlates well with an inferred contact defined from the gravity results (Wright, 2016; see plan map on top of Figure 6-11). L4246630N [Figure 6-12] This section presents a sub-horizontal, more conductive zone, from KB038 to KB042. The conductive layer appears more conductive and thicker between sites KB039 and KB042. The depth to the deep resistive unit is mapped at approximately 3km depth between sites KB038 and KB042. This depth correlates well with the results from the gravity model (Wright 2016; see plan map on Figure 6-12). The lateral variation observed below site KB038 also correlates with an inferred contact defined in the gravity results. L4247630N [Figure 6-13] This section presents a sub-horizontal, more conductive zone, from KB045 to KB049. The conductive layer appears more conductive and thicker between sites KB047 and KB048. The depth to the deep resistive unit is mapped at approximately 3km depth between sites KB047 and KB048. This depth correlates well with the results from the gravity model (Wright 2016; see plan map on Figure 6-13). The lateral variation observed below site KB045 also correlates with an inferred contact defined in the gravity results.
  32. 32. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 33 Ref. Project: CA01131S L427300E to L433300E [Figure 6-14 to Figure 6-20] The geometry of the sub-horizontal, more conductive layer, and of the deep resistive units can be tracked in the profiles NS profiles. A correlation between the MT results and the gravity results with respect to Basin depth and inferred contacts is also observed. L427300E [Figure 6-14] The sub-horizontal conductive layer is mapped from site KB001 to KB043 as a relatively thin layer dipping slightly to the south. The depth to the underlying resistive unit is approximately 1km, correlating with the gravity results. A lateral variation in the deep resistive unit is observed below site KB029. This feature may correlate with an inferred contact mapped on the Basin Depth map (Wright, 2016) near KB036. L428300E [Figure 6-15] The sub-horizontal conductive layer is mapped from site KB002 to KB044 as a relatively thin layer dipping to the south. The depth of the underlying resistive unit is approximately 1.2km, correlating with the gravity results. A more conductive zone is mapped below sites KB016 and KB023 within the deep resistive unit. This feature is best mapped on the next line (L429300E). The conductive zone correlates with the location of an inferred fault mapped by the gravity results (see plan map on Figure 6-15). L429300E [Figure 6-16] The sub-horizontal conductive layer is mapped from site KB003 to KB045 as a relatively thin layer. It is dipping slightly to the south but with some variation of depth along the profile. The depth variation appears to correlate with the location of a deep sub-vertical conductive zone below KB017. The location of the sub-vertical zone correlates with an inferred fault mapped from the gravity results (see the plan map on Figure 6-16). The depth of the underlying resistive unit is approximately 1km, correlating well with the gravity results. L430300E [Figure 6-17] The thickness of the sub-horizontal layer has increased in comparison to the previous profile. The top of the deep resistive zone has also increased in depth to approximately 1.75km from KB004 to KB025, and to near 2.5-3km depth from KB032 to KB046. Lateral variation of the resistivity at depth is mapped below sites KB018 and KB032. There is no direct correlation of a similar potential fault in the gravity results as defined in the Wright (2016) interpretation. The gravity interpretation has not defined EW structures inside the MT survey area. L431300E [Figure 6-18] The thickness and the depth of the sub-horizontal layer has increased in comparison to the previous profile. The top of the deep resistive zone has increased in depth to approximately 1.75km from KB005 to KB033, and to near 3km depth from KB033 to KB047.
  33. 33. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 34 Ref. Project: CA01131S L432300E [Figure 6-19] The sub-horizontal conductive layer is mapped from site KB006 to KB048 as a relatively thick layer. It is dipping slightly to the north on this profile. A variation of the depth of the conductive layer along the profile is noted; from near 750m depth from KB006 to KB020, to 1km depth from KB020 to KB048. This variation is correlates with a variation of the depth of the deep resistive unit, from 1km depth below KB006 to KB020, to approximately 3km depth from KB020 to KB048. The variation in depth correlate with the increase of the Basin depth defined from the gravity results (Wright, 2016; see plan map on Figure 6-19). L433300E [Figure 6-20] The sub-horizontal conductive zone is not well defined on this profile. However maps a deep conductive zone between sites KB021 and KB035 that was previously identified on the 3D views (Figure 6-6) has been mapped. There is a possible NS contact just east of this profile (see Figure 5-1 and Figure 5-2) indicated by the gravity survey. The deep conductive zone may represent an offset signature of the contact in the MT model. An extension of the MT survey to the gravity survey boundaries is required to answer the ambiguity about the deep conductive feature.
  34. 34. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 35 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-1: Misfit curve of the 3D inversion. Figure 6-2: Misfit plan map of the 3D inversion – model # stage01-iter05 (iteration #8).
  35. 35. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 36 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-3: Plan map of the apparent -resistivity at 10k Hz.
  36. 36. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 37 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-4: Plan map of the apparent -resistivity and induction vectors at 10s.
  37. 37. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 38 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-5: Plan map of the apparent -resistivity and induction vectors at 300s.
  38. 38. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 39 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-6: View from North, South, East, and West of the 3D resistivity values lower than 10 Ohm-m from the 3D MT model.
  39. 39. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 40 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-7: MT 3D results along L4216630N.
  40. 40. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 41 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-8: MT 3D results along L4242630N.
  41. 41. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 42 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-9: MT 3D results along L4243630N.
  42. 42. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 43 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-10: MT 3D results along L4244630N.
  43. 43. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 44 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-11: MT 3D results along L4245630N.
  44. 44. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 45 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-12: MT 3D results along L4246630N.
  45. 45. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 46 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-13: MT 3D results along L4247630N.
  46. 46. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 47 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-14: MT 3D results along L427300E.
  47. 47. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 48 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-15: MT 3D results along L428300E.
  48. 48. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 49 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-16: MT 3D results along L429300E.
  49. 49. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 50 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-17: MT 3D results along L430300E.
  50. 50. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 51 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-18: MT 3D results along L431300E.
  51. 51. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 52 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-19: MT 3D results along L432300E.
  52. 52. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 53 Ref. Project: CA01131S Figure 6-20: MT 3D results along L433300E.
  53. 53. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 54 Ref. Project: CA01131S 7. CO N C L U S I O N A N D R E C O M M E N D A T I O N S This report presents the logistics and the results of the analysis of the Magnetotelluric survey completed over the Kibby Basin, Nevada, by Quantec Geoscience Ltd on behalf of Belmont Resources Inc. It describes the instrumentation, data acquisition and processing procedures, as well as the final processed data and digital archive formats. It presents the procedures for the analysis and the inversion of the Magnetotelluric data, and an interpretation of the results in context with the survey objectives and significance to future exploration. The Magnetotelluric (MT) survey was completed during January 2018. The survey measured MT data at a total of 49 sites distributed along an XY grid with a site separation of 1000 m. The MT data surveyed were analysed using 3D inversion. The results of the 3D inversion are presented along 2D cross-sections along grid X and Y axes (1000m line separation) extracted from the 3D model, and on several elevation plan maps from surface down to 3km depth. The results from the gravity model from Wright (2016) are incorporated in the discussion to complement to the Magnetotelluric survey results. The MT resistivity results clearly map a more conductive zone at near 500m depth. This unit remains relatively thin in the west of the grid, but its depth, thickness and conductivity seem to increase east of 430300E and north of 4243630N. The changes observed in the sub-horizontal conductive zone are correlated with a deep lateral variation of the resistivity near 429300E. That variation of the resistivity at depth is interpreted as mapping a potential contact. This inferred contact has been defined in the gravity results (Wright, 2016). The variation in the conductive layer also correlates with an increase of the Basin depth defined from the gravity results (Wright, 2016). We note here a very good correlation between the depth of the deep resistive unit mapped from the MT results and the Basin depth mapped from gravity model for lines north of 4245630N. The zone defined between 4244630N and 4247630N and between 430300E and 432300E is characterized by a thick and high conductivity zone that may represent a potential target for Li-brines. This zone correlates with the area where the Basin depth reaches a maximum and is localised east of a potential contact at depth, also inferred from the gravity results.
  54. 54. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 55 Ref. Project: CA01131S It is however strongly recommended to integrate in 3D the MT results with the regional faults and geological information, and the gravity information. It will help the interpretation of the structures and should be used to target a drilling location. Also, to enhance the resolution at depth, we would recommend extending the MT survey to the gravity survey boundaries, with infill on the central section of the current grid to increase resolution of the structures. Respectfully submitted by: Benoît Tournerie, D.Sc., P.Geo February 28, 2018
  55. 55. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 57 Ref. Project: CA01131S APPENDIX A. PR O D U C T I O N SU M M A R Y ALL LAYOUT restart to repeat final cancel repeated 2018/01/18 MOB DAY 0 0 0 0 0 0 2018/01/19 PST/RM DAY 0 0 0 0 0 0 2018/01/20 PST/RM DAY 8 0 0 0 0 0 2018/01/21 ACQ DAY 9 0 0 8 0 0 2018/01/22 ACQ DAY 9 0 0 9 0 0 2018/01/23 ACQ DAY 9 0 3 6 0 0 2018/01/24 ACQ DAY 9 0 1 8 0 0 2018/01/25 ACQ DAY 9 0 0 9 0 0 2018/01/26 PICKUP/PACK 0 0 0 9 0 4 2018/01/27 DEMOB DAY 0 0 0 0 0 0
  56. 56. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 58 Ref. Project: CA01131S PROCESS / PICKUP DAY LAYOUT DAY TEAM SITE R? ACTIVITY/ Process Result Repeat Log Comments Field Manager/[Geo] Cultures Notes from Field Notes 2018/01/18 ALL MOB DAY Mob from Las Vegas to Hawthorne 2018/01/19 ALL PST/RM DAY Look for possible remote site and start PST 2018/01/20 ALL PST/RM DAY Find and setup remote site 2018/01/21 2018/01/20 T01 KB022 final Flat, rocky, very windy. No visible culture 2018/01/21 2018/01/20 T01 KB029 final Flat, rocky, very windy. No visible culture 2018/01/21 2018/01/20 T02 KB036 final North pot pulled out of ground in the morning 2018/01/21 2018/01/20 T02 KB037 final Windy. Road 300m south of site 2018/01/21 2018/01/20 T02 KB043 final Access Road 120m south of site 2018/01/21 2018/01/20 T03 KB001 final 2018/01/21 2018/01/20 T03 KB002 final 2018/01/21 2018/01/20 T03 KB008 final 2018/01/21 ALL ACQ DAY 2018/01/22 2018/01/21 T01 KB015 final Flat, rocky. Little to no wind. 2018/01/22 2018/01/21 T01 KB023 final 2018/01/22 2018/01/21 T01 KB030 final 2018/01/22 2018/01/21 T02 KB038 final 2018/01/22 2018/01/21 T02 KB044 final 2018/01/22 2018/01/21 T02 KB045 final 2018/01/22 2018/01/21 T03 KB003 final 2018/01/22 2018/01/21 T03 KB009 final 2018/01/22 2018/01/21 T03 KB010 final Sites set up with short +Ey and long -Ey 2018/01/22 ALL ACQ DAY 2018/01/23 2018/01/22 T01 KB016 final Flat, edge of salt flat 2018/01/23 2018/01/22 T01 KB024 final Flat, fine sediment, edge of salt flat 2018/01/23 2018/01/22 T01 KB031 final 2018/01/23 2018/01/22 T02 KB039 to repeat Site disturb Sandy 2018/01/23 2018/01/22 T02 KB046 final Sandy, calm 2018/01/23 2018/01/22 T02 KB047 final 2018/01/23 2018/01/22 T03 KB004 to repeat Signal/noise 2018/01/23 2018/01/22 T03 KB005 final 2018/01/23 2018/01/22 T03 KB011 to repeat Signal/noise 2018/01/23 ALL ACQ DAY
  57. 57. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 59 Ref. Project: CA01131S PROCESS / PICKUP DAY LAYOUT DAY TEAM SITE R? ACTIVITY/ Process Result Repeat Log Comments Field Manager/[Geo] Cultures Notes from Field Notes 2018/01/24 2018/01/23 T01 KB017 final Salt flat 2018/01/24 2018/01/23 T01 KB025 final Salt flat, no wind, NVC 2018/01/24 2018/01/23 T01 KB032 final Flat, loosely packed seds, NVC, no wind 2018/01/24 2018/01/23 T02 KB040 final Sandy/silty, calm 2018/01/24 2018/01/23 T02 KB041 to repeat Signal/noise Sandy, some wind 2018/01/24 2018/01/23 T02 KB048 final Sandy, calm 2018/01/24 2018/01/23 T03 KB006 final 2018/01/24 2018/01/23 T03 KB012 final 2018/01/24 2018/01/23 T03 KB013 final Road running near/through site 2018/01/24 ALL ACQ DAY 2018/01/25 2018/01/24 T01 KB018 final 2018/01/25 2018/01/24 T01 KB026 final 2018/01/25 2018/01/24 T01 KB033 final Sandy, flat, no wind, NVC 2018/01/25 2018/01/24 T02 KB035 final Playa, sandy, open 2018/01/25 2018/01/24 T02 KB042 final Pot pulled after ~7h, sandy, no wind, hard silt 2018/01/25 2018/01/24 T02 KB049 final GPS clock had trouble locking, bush track 10m SE of site 2018/01/25 2018/01/24 T03 KB007 final 2018/01/25 2018/01/24 T03 KB014 final 2018/01/25 2018/01/24 T03 KB021 final 2018/01/25 ALL ACQ DAY 2018/01/26 2018/01/25 T01 KB019 final Salt flat, NVC, good steady breeze 2018/01/26 2018/01/25 T01 KB027 final Salt flat, little to no wind, NVC 2018/01/26 2018/01/25 T01 KB041 R final Flat, sandy, NVC 2018/01/26 2018/01/25 T02 KB028 final Playa, windy 2018/01/26 2018/01/25 T02 KB034 final Sandy, windy 2018/01/26 2018/01/25 T02 KB039 R final Sandy, windy 2018/01/26 2018/01/25 T03 KB004 R final 2018/01/26 2018/01/25 T03 KB011 R final 2018/01/26 2018/01/25 T03 KB020 final 2018/01/26 ALL PICKUP/PACK 2018/01/27 ALL DEMOB DAY
  58. 58. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 61 Ref. Project: CA01131S APPENDIX B. GE O S O F T SE C T I O N S A N D PL A N MA P S • Sections displayed o from 4241630N to 4247630N, at 1000m spacing; o from 427300E to 433300E, at 1000m spacing; • Plan Maps (elevation): o from +1500masl to 0masl, at 250m spacing; o from 0masl to -1500m at 500m spacing;
  59. 59. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 62 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  60. 60. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 63 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  61. 61. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 64 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  62. 62. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 65 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  63. 63. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 66 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  64. 64. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 67 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  65. 65. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 68 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  66. 66. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 69 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  67. 67. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 70 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  68. 68. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 71 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  69. 69. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 72 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  70. 70. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 73 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  71. 71. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 74 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  72. 72. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 75 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  73. 73. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 76 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  74. 74. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 77 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  75. 75. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 78 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  76. 76. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 79 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  77. 77. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 81 Ref. Project: CA01131S APPENDIX C. SU R V E Y CO V E R A G E C.1. MT SITES Site ID UTM [WGS84/11NH] Longitude Latitude (edi) Easting Northing (dd:mm:ss.ssW) (dd:mm:ss.ssN) Elevation KB001 427313 4241622 117ø49'53.46 38ø19'11.16 1638 KB002 428312 4241631 117ø49'12.30 38ø19'11.76 1620 KB003 429329 4241632 117ø48'30.42 38ø19'12.06 1609 KB004R 430314 4241632 117ø47'49.86 38ø19'12.36 1608 KB005 431312 4241635 117ø47'08.76 38ø19'12.72 1609 KB006 432308 4241641 117ø46'27.78 38ø19'13.20 1613 KB007 433320 4241640 117ø45'46.08 38ø19'13.44 1614 KB008 427309 4242637 117ø49'54.00 38ø19'44.10 1621 KB009 428307 4242632 117ø49'12.90 38ø19'44.22 1610 KB010 429312 4242638 117ø48'31.50 38ø19'44.70 1607 KB011R 430307 4242646 117ø47'50.52 38ø19'45.24 1606 KB012 431319 4242641 117ø47'08.82 38ø19'45.36 1607 KB013 432303 4242625 117ø46'28.32 38ø19'45.12 1607 KB014 433308 4242645 117ø45'46.92 38ø19'46.02 1608 KB015 427266 4243614 117ø49'56.10 38ø20'15.78 1617 KB016 428302 4243646 117ø49'13.44 38ø20'17.10 1607 KB017 429321 4243637 117ø48'31.50 38ø20'17.10 1606 KB018 430314 4243652 117ø47'50.58 38ø20'17.88 1607 KB019 431313 4243636 117ø47'09.42 38ø20'17.64 1606 KB020 432308 4243639 117ø46'28.44 38ø20'18.00 1606 KB021 433313 4243645 117ø45'47.04 38ø20'18.48 1607 KB022 427275 4244609 117ø49'56.12 38ø20'48.06 1623 KB023 428343 4244633 117ø49'12.12 38ø20'49.14 1605 KB024 429312 4244619 117ø48'32.22 38ø20'48.96 1606 KB025 430311 4244641 117ø47'51.06 38ø20'49.98 1606 KB026 431300 4244633 117ø47'10.32 38ø20'49.98 1606 KB027 432306 4244641 117ø46'28.86 38ø20'50.52 1606 KB028 433307 4244633 117ø45'47.64 38ø20'50.52 1606 KB029 427327 4245635 117ø49'54.36 38ø21'21.36 1631 KB030 428307 4245654 117ø49'13.98 38ø21'22.26 1615 KB031 429305 4245630 117ø48'32.88 38ø21'21.78 1608
  78. 78. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 82 Ref. Project: CA01131S Site ID UTM [WGS84/11NH] Longitude Latitude (edi) Easting Northing (dd:mm:ss.ssW) (dd:mm:ss.ssN) Elevation KB032 430333 4245653 117ø47'50.52 38ø21'22.80 1609 KB033 431307 4245643 117ø47'10.38 38ø21'22.74 1609 KB034 432315 4245636 117ø46'28.86 38ø21'22.80 1609 KB035 433314 4245643 117ø45'47.70 38ø21'23.28 1608 KB036 427310 4246638 117ø49'55.44 38ø21'53.88 1661 KB037 428317 4246632 117ø49'13.92 38ø21'54.00 1633 KB038 429310 4246635 117ø48'33.00 38ø21'54.36 1613 KB039R 430317 4246637 117ø47'51.54 38ø21'54.72 1616 KB040 431313 4246636 117ø47'10.50 38ø21'54.96 1616 KB041R 432309 4246635 117ø46'29.46 38ø21'55.20 1614 KB042 433306 4246634 117ø45'48.36 38ø21'55.44 1614 KB043 427317 4247647 117ø49'55.50 38ø22'26.64 1693 KB044 428309 4247640 117ø49'14.64 38ø22'26.70 1650 KB045 429316 4247646 117ø48'33.12 38ø22'27.18 1626 KB046 430309 4247634 117ø47'52.20 38ø22'27.06 1625 KB047 431308 4247635 117ø47'11.04 38ø22'27.36 1626 KB048 432311 4247634 117ø46'29.70 38ø22'27.60 1622 KB049 433314 4247636 117ø45'48.36 38ø22'27.96 1619
  79. 79. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 83 Ref. Project: CA01131S APPENDIX D. MT ME A S U R E D D A T A This section presents the Soundings of Final Processed – edited – MT Data on a line per line basis as: 1. Sounding curves a. Observed XY and YX Apparent Resistivity (Ohm-m) b. Observed XY and YX Phase c. Observed Tzx and Tzy Tipper Notice: Mode XY is defined by Electrical (Ex) field and orthogonal Magnetic (Hy) field (=Ex/Hy); Mode YX is defined by Electrical (Ey) field and orthogonal Magnetic (Hx) field (=Ey/Hx); Tipper Tzx and Tzy represent the ratio of the Vertical Magnetic (Hz) field and the Horizontal X (Hx) and Y Magnetic (Hy) fields respectively; X-axis pointing to 0° True and Y is perpendicular to X (right hand positive down coordinate system)
  80. 80. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 84 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  81. 81. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 85 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  82. 82. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 86 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  83. 83. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 87 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  84. 84. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 88 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  85. 85. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 89 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  86. 86. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 90 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  87. 87. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 91 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  88. 88. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 92 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  89. 89. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 93 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  90. 90. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 94 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  91. 91. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 95 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  92. 92. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 96 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  93. 93. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 97 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  94. 94. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 98 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  95. 95. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 99 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  96. 96. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 100 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  97. 97. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 101 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  98. 98. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 102 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  99. 99. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 103 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  100. 100. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 104 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  101. 101. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 105 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  102. 102. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 106 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  103. 103. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 107 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  104. 104. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 108 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  105. 105. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 109 Ref. Project: CA01131S APPENDIX E. PA R A L L E L SE N S O R TE S T E.1. GENERAL INFORMATION Project: CA01131S Date: January 19, 2018 Prepared by: Emily Data Kristian Koschany Field Staff: Ben Lane Sashy Premaratne Liz Espinosa Devin Smith Alex Cadmus Andrei Ulyanov Garett Dosch QuickLay version: ver.5.1.10.1 Common folder: ver.2.002 (released: 2017/11/17) Datum and Projection: WGS 84 / UTM Zone 11 North Site Location (UTM): 403669E / 4275449N Coil Orientation: 270° True Magnetic Declination: 13°E
  106. 106. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 110 Ref. Project: CA01131S E.2. SUMMARY OF COILS TESTED AND RESULTS Serial ID Test Passed (ID) Notes P50-1977 LF1 & LF2 P50-1999 LF1 & LF2 P50-2202 LF2 P50-2239 LF1 & LF2 P50-2241 LF2 P50-2243 LF2 P50-2387 LF1 & LF2 P50-2390 LF1 & LF2 P50-2392 LF1 & LF2 P50-3002 LF1 & LF2 P50-3063 LF1 & LF2 P50-3097 LF1 & LF2 P50-3098 Failed LF1 and LF2 test P50-3101 LF1 & LF2 P50-3103 LF1 & LF2 P50-3105 LF1 & LF2 P50-3107 LF1 & LF2 P50-3108 LF1 & LF2 P50-3117 LF2 P50-3126 LF1 & LF2 P50-3128 LF1 & LF2 P50-3134 LF1 & LF2 P50-3136 LF1 & LF2 P50-3138 LF2 P80-7009 LF3 P80-7099 LF3 P80-7115 Failed LF3 P80-7116 LF3
  107. 107. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 111 Ref. Project: CA01131S Serial ID Test Passed (ID) Notes P80-7120 LF3 P80-7156 LF3 P80-7159 LF3 P80-7168 LF3 P80-7169 LF3 GHF-1049 HF GHF-1050 HF GHF-1053 HF GHF-1055 HF GHF-1058 HF GHF-1059 HF GHF-1063 HF GHF-1068 HF GHF-1080 HF GHF-1082 HF GHF-1085 HF GHF-1088 HF GHF-1097 HF GHF-1104 HF GHF-1117 HF GHF-1119 HF GHF-1122 HF GHF-1123 HF GHF-1124 HF GHF-1125 HF GHF-1126 Failed HF test. GHF-1129 HF GHF-1136 HF
  108. 108. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 112 Ref. Project: CA01131S Serial ID Test Passed (ID) Notes GHF-1142 HF GHF-1234 HF GHF-1448 HF GHF-1451 HF GHF-1453 HF GHF-1457 HF GHF-1458 HF GHF-1468 HF GHF-1469 HF GHF-1472 HF E.2.1. Comments on test conditions (culture, noise, etc) Located in a wash area, approximately 2km from Route 361. Windy day with snow showers. A lot of 60Hz noise. Will not put remote site here, but OK for PST E.2.2. Comments on test results LF1: only some loggers started due to faulty batteries, bad USB sticks. All loggers retested on LF2. P50- 3098 had higher PSD and lower coherency than the rest. Coil cable connections were cleaned and was retested. LF2: P50-3098 has the same results after cleaning connections. Will be retested. LF2 & LF3: Loggers in the middle (C056, C043, C031) had a hump in all coherency curves around 2.5Hz. Some localized noise? LF3: P80-7115 has higher H-Amp than the rest of the P80 coils. Will retest HF: GHF-1126 has much lower coherencies than the rest of the coils. Will retest.
  109. 109. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 113 Ref. Project: CA01131S E.3. PST PROCESSING PARAMETERS For LF1, LF2 and LF3 tests For HF test
  110. 110. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 114 Ref. Project: CA01131S E.4. LF1 RESULTS E.4.1. Problems and Notes Serial ID Pass / Fail Notes P50-3098 Fail Higher PSD and lower coherency than the rest. Will retest. Not shown in coherency plots All others Pass
  111. 111. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 115 Ref. Project: CA01131S Time Series: @1000 samples per second Unscrubbed Scrubbed
  112. 112. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 116 Ref. Project: CA01131S LF1 @ 1000sps Power Spectral Density (PSD) of channels (strip 1); Coherency (strip 2) and Response Function (strips 3 and 4; Amplitude and Phase) – Linear frequency scale
  113. 113. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 117 Ref. Project: CA01131S LF1 @ 1000sps Power Spectral Density (PSD) of channels (strip 1); Coherency (strip 2) and Response Function (strips 3 and 4; Amplitude and Phase) – Logarithmic frequency scale
  114. 114. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 118 Ref. Project: CA01131S E.5. LF2 RESULTS E.5.1. Problems and Notes Serial ID Pass / Fail Notes P50-3098 Fail Still higher PSD and lower coherency than the rest of the P50’s after cleaning coil connections. Will retest further. Results not shown in coherency plots. Middle Loggers (C056, C043, C031) Coils connected to logger set 4, 5 & 6 show a PSD, coherency, etc hump around 2.5Hz. Local noise?
  115. 115. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 119 Ref. Project: CA01131S Time Series: @1000 samples per second Unscrubbed Scrubbed
  116. 116. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 120 Ref. Project: CA01131S LF2@ 1000 sps Power Spectral Density (PSD) of channels (strip 1); Coherency (strip 2) and Response Function (strips 3 and 4; Amplitude and Phase) – Linear frequency scale
  117. 117. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 121 Ref. Project: CA01131S LF2 @ 1000 sps Power Spectral Density (PSD) of channels (strip 1); Coherency (strip 2) and Response Function (strips 3 and 4; Amplitude and Phase) – Logarithmic frequency scale
  118. 118. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 122 Ref. Project: CA01131S E.6. LF3 RESULTS E.6.1. Problems and Notes Serial ID Pass / Fail Notes P80-7115 Fail Higher H-Amp than the rest of the P80 coils. Will retest. Did not include in coherency curves. P80-7168 Connected to logger C031 which had localized noise around 2.5Hz
  119. 119. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 123 Ref. Project: CA01131S Time Series: @1000 samples per second Unscrubbed Scrubbed
  120. 120. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 124 Ref. Project: CA01131S LF3 @ 1000 sps Power Spectral Density (PSD) of channels (strip 1); Coherency (strip 2) and Response Function (strips 3 and 4; Amplitude and Phase) – Linear frequency scale
  121. 121. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 125 Ref. Project: CA01131S LF3 @ 1000 sps Power Spectral Density (PSD) of channels (strip 1); Coherency (strip 2) and Response Function (strips 3 and 4; Amplitude and Phase) – Logarithmic frequency scale
  122. 122. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 126 Ref. Project: CA01131S E.7. HF RESULTS E.7.1. Problems and Notes Serial ID Pass / Fail Notes GHF-1126 Fail Bad coherency. Will retest. Did not include in coherency plots.
  123. 123. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 127 Ref. Project: CA01131S Time Series: @48000 samples per second Unscrubbed Scrubbed
  124. 124. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 128 Ref. Project: CA01131S HF @ 48000 sps Power Spectral Density (PSD) of channels (strip 1); Coherency (strip 2) and Response Function (strips 3 and 4; Amplitude and Phase) – Linear frequency scale
  125. 125. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 129 Ref. Project: CA01131S HF @ 48000 sps Power Spectral Density (PSD) of channels (strip 1); Coherency (strip 2) and Response Function (strips 3 and 4; Amplitude and Phase) – Logarithmic frequency scale
  126. 126. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 131 Ref. Project: CA01131S APPENDIX F. MT RE M O T E TE S T F.1. GENERAL INFORMATION Project: CA01131S Date: January 20, 2018 Prepared by: Emily Data QuickLay version: ver.5.1.12.0 Common folder: ver.2.002 (released: 2017/11/17) Datum & Projection: WGS 84 / UTM Zone 11 North Site Location: 395853E 4247963N Magnetic Declination: 13E Sensor Information: see Table below Channel Azimuth Length Channel Azimuth Ex 180° South 100 m Hx 00° North Ey 90° East 100 m Hy 90° East
  127. 127. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 132 Ref. Project: CA01131S Culture: Test was conducted on a plateau surrounded by mountains. Site is 128m away from dirt road, ~8km from closest powerlines, ~30km from grid.
  128. 128. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 133 Ref. Project: CA01131S F.2. SOUNDING CURVES Apparent resistivity, phase, magnetic signal amplitude and off-diagonal coherences of the MT remote, data processed unreferenced Comments: all is ok
  129. 129. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 134 Ref. Project: CA01131S F.3. EVENTS ACQUIRED AND USED IN PROCESSING Sample rate Net Events TS Length Observation 48,000 sps Rm_20180210216 to Rm_20180210536 30s 4x 48k events between 0200 and 0600 UTC 12,000 sps Rm_20180210208 to Rm_20180210440 4m 6x12k events between 0200 and 0500 1,000 sps SEvC059_1000Hz 21h 1k event was cut into 4h subevents 40 sps SEvC059_40_1 SEvC059_40_2 10h32m 10h32m Subsampled from 1k event F.4. SCREEN CAPTURE OF TIME SERIES Time Series: @48,000 samples per second
  130. 130. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 135 Ref. Project: CA01131S Time Series: @ 12,000 samples per second Time Series: @1,000 samples per second
  131. 131. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 137 Ref. Project: CA01131S APPENDIX G. IN S T R U M E N T SP E C I F I C A T I O N S G.1. GHF MAGNETIC FIELD INDUCTION SENSOR
  132. 132. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 138 Ref. Project: CA01131S
  133. 133. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 139 Ref. Project: CA01131S G.2. MTC 50 (P50) SERIES MAGNETIC SENSORS Phoenix Geophysics Ltd MTC-50 magnetic sensor coils weigh just over 10 kg, and measure only 141 cm. They provide magnetotelluric data at frequencies between 400 Hz to 0.00002 Hz. Technical Specifications Overall Length : 141 cm Outside Diameter : 6.0 cm Weight : 10.5 kg Frequency Range (for MT) : 400 Hz to 0.00002 Hz
  134. 134. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 140 Ref. Project: CA01131S G.3. MTC 80 (P80) SERIES MAGNETIC SENSORS Phoenix Geophysics Ltd MTC-80H magnetic sensor coils are the newest addition to the induction coil family. Intended for use in MT surveys to moderate depth, they weigh about 5 kg (half the weight of the MTC-50H) and measure 97 cm in length (70% of the length of an MTC-50H). The MTC-80H provides good data from 400 Hz down to 10 000 seconds, depending on signal strength and local conditions. Technical Specifications Overall Length : 98 cm Outside Diameter : 6.0 cm Weight : 4.8 kg Frequency Range (for MT) : 400 Hz to 10 000 seconds
  135. 135. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 141 Ref. Project: CA01131S G.4. REF TEK – 160 QUANTEC DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM Refraction Technology Inc. – Plano, Texas Specifications: Specification Description Mechanical – DAS Size: 130mm high x 240mm wide x 400mm long Weight: 16 lbs Shock: Survives a 1 meter drop on any axis Operating Temperature: -20oC to +60oC Connectors Channel Input: PTO7A14-19S (2 each for 6-Channel DAS) Power: PTO7A12-4S GPS Antenna: standard Power Input Voltage: 10 to 15 VDC Average Power: ~6 W (5-6 channel) ~8 W (10-12 channel) A/D Converter Type:  modulation, 256 KHz base rate, 24-bit output resolution Channels: 12 (6 @ LS and 6 @ HS) Input Impedance: 100 Mohm Sensor Input Signal Range: Gain Input Full Scale (volts) Bit Weight Actual Reported 1 ± 32 V 3.81 V 2 ± 16 V 4 ± 8 V 954 nV 8 ± 4 V 16 ± 2 V 238 nV 32 ± 1 V 64 ± 500 mV 59.6 nV 128 ± 250 mV 256 ± 125 mV 14.9 nV  Sample Rates HS: 48000, 12000, 9600, 8000 sps Sample Rates LS: 4000, 2000, 1600, 1000, 960, 800, 500, 480, 400, 250, 240, 200, 125, 120, 100, 60, 50 sps Time Base
  136. 136. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT Page | 142 Ref. Project: CA01131S Specification Description Type: GPS Receiver/Clock plus a disciplined oscillator Accuracy with GPS: +/- 100 sec after validated 3-D fix and locked Free-Running Accuracy: 0.1 ppm over the temperature range of 0oC to 40oC, and 0.2 ppm from -20oC to 0oC Recording Modes Continuous: All LS modes HS Mode 0 8000 sps for 360 s; once HS Mode 1 8000 sps for 360 s; every 10 minutes on the 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 minute marks HS Mode 2 12000 sps for 240 s; every 10 minutes on the 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 minute marks HS Mode 3 48000 sps for 60 s; every 10 minutes on the 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 minute marks HS Mode 4 2 @ 12 ksps for 240 s and 1 @ 48 ksps for 30 s; repeated 20 minutes ( 12 ksps on 0, 8, 20, 28, 40, 48 minute marks and 48 ksps on 16, 36, and 56 minute marks) Recording Capacity Battery Backed SRAM: 64 Mbytes Removable Storage: 3 @ 8 GB industrial USB 2 sticks Recording Format Format: SEED and miniSEED Recording Formats
  137. 137. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT APPENDIX H. RE F E R E N C E S H.1. MAGNETOTELLURIC Bahr, K., and Simpson, F., 2005, Practical Magnetotellurics, Cambridge University Press. Berdichevsky, M.N., Dmitriev, V.I., Pozdnjakova, E.E., 1998. On two-dimensional interpretation of magnetotelluric soundings. Geophys. J. Int. 133, 585–606. Cagniard, L., 1953, Basic Theory of the magneto‐telluric method of geophysical prospecting: Geophysics, 18, pp 605‐635. CGG [2017] Geotools™, Magnetotelluric and Time Domain EM Data Analysis Software. Reference Document, CGG Multi-Physics Imaging, October 2017. Egbert, G.D., Robust multiple station magnetotelluric data processing, Geophys. J. Int., 130, 475-496, 1997. Geotools™ 2D inversion (CGG, 2012; Appendix A). Geotools [1983-2013] MT, Geotools Corp. Austin TX (a division of AOA), Quantec customized version. Nabighian, M.N., 1987. Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics, Volume 2: Application (Parts A and B). Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG), Tulsa. Orange, A.S., 1989. Magnetotelluric exploration for hydrocarbons. Proceedings of the IEEE, 77, 287-317. Vozoff, K., 1972. The Magnetotelluric method in the Exploration of Sedimentary basins. Geophysics, 37, 98-141. Wight, D.E., 1987. MT/EMAP Data Interchange Standard, Revision 1.0. Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG). (Document available at the SEG web site: www.seg.org). H.1. TECHNICAL REPORTS AND OTHER REFERENCES Belmont Resources web: http://www.belmontresources.com/kibby.htm Technical Report Describing the Kibby Basin Property Centered on 431,624E - 4,243,747N UTM NAD83 Z11 in Esmeralda County, Nevada USA. Prepared for Belmont Resources Inc. May 26, 2016 A Preliminary Deposit Model for Lithium Brines, by Dwight Bradley, LeeAnn Munk, Hillary Jochens, Scott Hynek, and Keith Labay. USGS Open-File Report 2013–1006. Kibby Basin Property – Gravity survey - basin model, submitted to Belmont Resources Inc by Wright Geophysics, June 16, 2016.
  138. 138. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT
  139. 139. Belmont Resources Inc. Kibby Basin Area Spartan MT SU M M A R Y IN F O R M A T I O N QUANTEC OFFICE INFORMATION Office: Quantec Geoscience Ltd Address: 146 Sparks Ave., Toronto, ON M2H 2S4 Canada Phone: +1-416-306-1941 Web: www.quantecgeoscience.com PROJECT INFORMATION Client Name: Belmont Resources Inc. Project Name: Kibby Basin Area Project Location: Hawthorne, Nevada Project Type: Spartan MT Project Number: CA01131S Project Manager: Kevin Blackshaw Project Period: from January 18th to January 26th 2018 Report Type: Geophysical Report Report Author(s): Benoît Tournerie, D.Sc., P.Geo Report date: February 28, 2018

×