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Do you have a morbid dread of citing? Learn about APA, MLA, and Chicago through this ppt from St. Catherine University Library.

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  1. 1. Citophobia the morbid dread of citing and bibliographies
  2. 2. Don’t be afraid to cite! Citing made easy doable
  3. 3. Today we will…  Introduce citation styles (APA, MLA, Chicago)  Introduce types of sources and where to find citation information  Go over the anatomy of a citation  Discuss In-text Citations  Answer specific citing questions
  4. 4. Types of Citation Styles  APA  MLA  Chicago  Others: CSE, Turabian, etc.
  5. 5. APA  American Psychological Association  The standard for publication in APA journals  Used as a standard for other disciplines, such as the social sciences
  6. 6. MLA  Modern Language Association  The standard of publication for MLA and other disciplines in the humanities
  7. 7. Chicago Manual of Style  Used for publications across disciplines  Has a Notes-Bibliography system (often used for humanities and arts)  And an Author-Date system (often used for the sciences)
  8. 8. Types of Sources  Books: Reference books, encyclopedias, anthologies, books by one or more authors  Periodicals: scholarly journals, magazines, newspapers, online journals  Websites: government or education websites, commercial websites, nonprofit websites  Sources from subscription databases
  9. 9. Types of Sources: Books  Section title and author (if available)  Page numbers of section  Author (or editor) or book  Title page of book  Verso title page
  10. 10. Types of Sources: Periodicals  Article title and author (if available)  Date of article (always year, sometimes month and day)  Title of publication  Volume number and issue (if available)  Access point if available through library database; URL if available online
  11. 11. Types of Sources: Databases and E-books  KNOW the database you used  Name of database is sufficient (URL is not needed)
  12. 12. Types of Sources: Websites  Responsible party: author, organization, university, governme nt org, etc.  Title of section consulted  Name of website  URL  Date accessed (MLA)
  13. 13. APA: Periodical w/DOI Simpson, A. (2007). The impact of team processes on psychiatric case management. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 60, 409-418. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04402.x
  14. 14. APA: Periodical w/o DOI Sands, L., & Shaevitz, B. (2007). Kale in every pot. Orion, 26(4), 12. Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic database.
  15. 15. APA: Book Kerrigan, W., & Braden, G. K., Jr. (1989). The idea of progress (2nd ed.). Chicago: Avalon Press.
  16. 16. APA: Website Latex allergy. (2007, December 1). Retrieved from
  17. 17. MLA: Periodical Sousa, Valmi D, et al. "New measures of diabetes self-care agency, diabetes self- efficacy, and diabetes self-management for insulin-treated individuals with type 2 diabetes." Journal of Clinical Nursing 18.9 (2009): 1305-1312. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 16 Nov. 2010.
  18. 18. MLA: Book Kerrigan, William, and Gordon Braden. The Idea of the Renaissance. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1989. Print.
  19. 19. MLA: Website Maathai, Wangari. Nobel Lecture. Nobel Foundation, 10 Dec. 2004. Web. 20 Apr. 2009.
  20. 20. In-Text Citations: Author-Date  Help the reader find where you got the information from  Alphabetical  Do the Works Cited list first
  21. 21. In-Text Citations: Author-Date  Always use the FIRST thing in your reference list (this may be the author, title, website organization or other)  APA: use the YEAR  For direct “quotes” use page numbers
  22. 22. In-text Citations: APA  APA: …shortened planting season (United States Department of Agriculture, 2006).  APA: “…the American public” (Edeline & Weinberg, 1991, p. 302).
  23. 23. In-Text Citations: MLA  MLA: “Protect and Serve” tells about a group of policemen who…  MLA “…ever be forgotten” (Smith 45-51) .
  24. 24. In-Text: Chicago Notes-Bibliography
  25. 25. In-Text: Chicago Notes-Bibliography
  26. 26. In Text: Chicago Author-Date  Reference List: Pilger, John. 1998. Truth and the People Lie Bleeding. New Statesman 127 (4373): 16-18. St. Catherine University. InfoTrac.  In Text: …as stated by Pilger (1998).
  27. 27. Hints • Do you have all the information from your source? • What goes in text? Whatever is first on your works cited page. • Webpages aren’t as complicated as they seem: look for an author or responsible organization, a title, a date of some sort, and a URL (http…). • No date? - N.D. in APA and MLA - use title in Chicago APA Hints: • Sentence capitalization (only first letter and proper names) for titles • Author-date in text format • Include DOI if available MLA hints: • Include Print or Web  Include access date for websites Chicago hints:  Find out which system to use (notes-bibliography vs. author-date)  For Notes, use MS Word’s note tool
  28. 28. What’s Wrong? (MLA) “Kennedy Worked Ceaselessly for Poor, Disenfranchised” USA Today 28 Aug. 2009: 6A “Kennedy Worked Ceaselessly for Poor, Disenfranchised.” USA Today 28 Aug. 2009: 6A. Print.
  29. 29. What’s Wrong? (APA) Jumpstarting your job search in today’s tough economy. (2009, September 17)., Retrieved from Columbia University Center for Career Education website: arting-your-job-search-today%E2%80%99s-tough- economy. Jumpstarting your job search in today’s tough economy. (2009, September 17)._ Retrieved from Columbia University Center for Career Education website_ s/jumpstarting-your-job-search-today%E2%80%99s- tough-economy_
  30. 30. What’s Wrong? (Chicago) Copeland, Edward & Juliet McMaster, ed. 1997. Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen. New York: Cambridge University Press . Copeland, Edward and Juliet McMaster, eds. 1997. Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  31. 31. Short-cuts
  32. 32. Word 2007
  33. 33. Word 2007 • Garbage in, garbage out (enter all names and titles accurately and in correct capitalization) • Double-check results • Save frequently • Citing not available in earlier version of Word
  34. 34. Questions? Librarians available Mon-Thurs 9:30am-9pm; Fri 9:30am-5pm; Sat-Sun 11:30-4:30