Aboriginal People
Aboriginal People
Aboriginal People
 
Aboriginal People
 
 
Example 1: The 2006 census report there are 74,282 male residents in  Parramatta LGA.  Excluding children (<14 yrs) there ...
Example 2: Sydney (C) – east (SLA) highlighted on the right was reported to have a total male population of 28520. Excludi...
The number of young people ages between 15 to 24 years within a selected region can be obtained from  ABS census data  and...
It is particularly important to identify those at risk within the population. The  highest notifications for Chlamydia fro...
The  Australian Study of Health and Relationships  found that 0.9% of men and 0.5% of women had been paid for sex. In the ...
For example, approximately 50 licensed brothels are registered with the  City of Sydney Council  (average 4 sex workers pe...
Personal ads in the newspapers and other sources such as SWOP would be useful to access within LGAs in order to estimate t...
HIV notifications can be obtained from the  Area Health Service Public Health Units  Residential postcodes are reported at...
Estimate the number of people with HIV in the area by deducting the number of AIDS deaths from HIV notifications (Please n...
Estimates of the number of people living with HIV infection are provided on page 122 of the National Centre for HIV Epidem...
The National Drug Strategy Household Survey 2007  reported that in 2007 it was estimated that 1.9% of the population of Au...
Many IDUs access Needle and Syringe Programs (NSP). Primary NSPs would be able to calculate IDU numbers from needles provi...
The  Australian Needle and Syringe Program Survey (ANSPS)  is a cross-sectional study that has been conducted over a one t...
 
The number of adults within a selected region can be obtained via  2006 Census data’s interface with Google maps  or from ...
Example: Through the interactive interface provide by the  ABS website  it is possible to ascertain that 46% of the popula...
While CALD populations are not listed as a priority group within the NSW STI Strategy, the Strategy’s  Environmental Scan ...
Example: Applying the demographic filter for ‘people born in  China ’ using the interface provided by the  Social Atlas of...
While an estimation of the size of a priority populations will assist services in identifying targets, additional informat...
 
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Priority populations calculator part 1

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  • Image Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Aboriginals_Performing_at_Crown_Street_Mall.jpg Image File: Aboriginals performing at Crown Street Mall.jpg Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License , Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled &amp;quot; GNU Free Documentation License &amp;quot;. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0  License. In short: you are free to share and make derivative works of the file under the conditions that you appropriately attribute it, and that you distribute it only under a license identical to this one. Official license This licensing tag was added to this file as part of the GFDL licensing update .
  • Sex in Australia: Homosexual experience and recent homosexual encounters Andrew E. Grulich 1 , Richard O. de Visser 1 , Anthony M.A. Smith 2 , 5 , Chris E. Rissel 3 Juliet Richters 4   1 National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales   2 Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University, Victoria   3 Health Promotion Unit, Central Sydney Area Health Service, and Australian Centre for Health Promotion, University of Sydney, New South Wales   4 National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales ABSTRACT   Abstract Objective To describe the prevalence and features of homosexual experience and recent homosexual encounters among a representative sample of Australian adults. MethodsComputer-assisted telephone interviews were completed by a representative sample of 10,173 men and 9,134 women aged 16–59 years from all States and Territories. The overall response rate was 73.1% (69.4% among men and 77.6% among women). Results : Overall, 8.6% of women and 5.9% of men reported some homosexual sexual experience in their lives (p&lt;0.001); these figures fell to 5.7% and 5.0% respectively (p=0.106) when non-genital sexual experience was excluded. 1.9% of men and 1.5% of women reported homosexual experience in the past year. Men who reported homosexual experience reported more same-sex partners than did women (means 31.6 and 3.2, p&lt;0.001), and men and women who identified as homosexual or bisexual reported more sexual partners in total than those who identified as heterosexual. Respondents reporting homosexual experience were significantly more likely to be from an English-speaking background, have higher levels of education, live in a major city, and report a white-collar or managerial/professional occupation. Women who reported homosexual experience were less likely to have a middle or high income. In the most recent homosexual encounter, genital touching was the most commonly reported practice, and oral sex was reported much more frequently than in heterosexual encounters. Conclusion Homosexually and bisexually identified men and women had higher total numbers of partners than heterosexuals. Improved societal attitudes towards homosexuality are likely to lead to further increases in estimates of the prevalence of homosexual experience in the community. Performing your original search, hiv prevalence in among gay men in nsw , in PubMed will retrieve 29 records . Sex Health. 2008 Jun;5(2):97-102. Homosexual men in Australia: population, distribution and HIV prevalence. Prestage G , Ferris J , Grierson J , Thorpe R , Zablotska I , Imrie J , Smith A , Grulich AE . National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia. gprestage@nchecr.unsw.edu.au
  • Sex in Australia: Homosexual experience and recent homosexual encounters Andrew E. Grulich 1 , Richard O. de Visser 1 , Anthony M.A. Smith 2 , 5 , Chris E. Rissel 3 Juliet Richters 4   1 National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales   2 Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University, Victoria   3 Health Promotion Unit, Central Sydney Area Health Service, and Australian Centre for Health Promotion, University of Sydney, New South Wales   4 National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales ABSTRACT   Abstract Objective To describe the prevalence and features of homosexual experience and recent homosexual encounters among a representative sample of Australian adults. MethodsComputer-assisted telephone interviews were completed by a representative sample of 10,173 men and 9,134 women aged 16–59 years from all States and Territories. The overall response rate was 73.1% (69.4% among men and 77.6% among women). Results : Overall, 8.6% of women and 5.9% of men reported some homosexual sexual experience in their lives (p&lt;0.001); these figures fell to 5.7% and 5.0% respectively (p=0.106) when non-genital sexual experience was excluded. 1.9% of men and 1.5% of women reported homosexual experience in the past year. Men who reported homosexual experience reported more same-sex partners than did women (means 31.6 and 3.2, p&lt;0.001), and men and women who identified as homosexual or bisexual reported more sexual partners in total than those who identified as heterosexual. Respondents reporting homosexual experience were significantly more likely to be from an English-speaking background, have higher levels of education, live in a major city, and report a white-collar or managerial/professional occupation. Women who reported homosexual experience were less likely to have a middle or high income. In the most recent homosexual encounter, genital touching was the most commonly reported practice, and oral sex was reported much more frequently than in heterosexual encounters. Conclusion Homosexually and bisexually identified men and women had higher total numbers of partners than heterosexuals. Improved societal attitudes towards homosexuality are likely to lead to further increases in estimates of the prevalence of homosexual experience in the community. Performing your original search, hiv prevalence in among gay men in nsw , in PubMed will retrieve 29 records . Sex Health. 2008 Jun;5(2):97-102. Homosexual men in Australia: population, distribution and HIV prevalence. Prestage G , Ferris J , Grierson J , Thorpe R , Zablotska I , Imrie J , Smith A , Grulich AE . National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia. gprestage@nchecr.unsw.edu.au
  • Priority populations calculator part 1

    1. 5. Aboriginal People
    2. 6. Aboriginal People
    3. 7. Aboriginal People
    4. 9. Aboriginal People
    5. 12. Example 1: The 2006 census report there are 74,282 male residents in Parramatta LGA. Excluding children (<14 yrs) there are 59,699 males. Assume 2.5% of these males are gay or bisexual and another 5.9% have same sex experience would indicate there may be between 1492 and 3522 MSM in Parramatta and 1.9% or 1,134 males have had a same sex experience in the previous year.
    6. 13. Example 2: Sydney (C) – east (SLA) highlighted on the right was reported to have a total male population of 28520. Excluding 5.4% of the population under age 14 would result in 26979 males. As the area is known to have a significant clustering of MSM, if we assume 48% of males are MSM the population of MSM in the area (excluding transient visitors) could be as high as 12949.
    7. 14. The number of young people ages between 15 to 24 years within a selected region can be obtained from ABS census data and from the navigable interface provided by the Social Health Atlas of Australia Geographic Information System (GIS). The total number of young people in an area health service can be calculated by adding the number of young people in each local government area.
    8. 15. It is particularly important to identify those at risk within the population. The highest notifications for Chlamydia from 01.04.09 to 31.03.10 in NSW were from Females age 20-24. Notification rates from post codes or LGA where STIs are notified from should also be taken into account when planning outreach activities. It is also possible to identify areas of relative socio-economic disadvantage via the Social Health Atlas of Australia GIS where outreach activities should be targeted.
    9. 16. The Australian Study of Health and Relationships found that 0.9% of men and 0.5% of women had been paid for sex. In the past year it found that fewer than 0.1% of men and women had been paid for sex with men. Councils will have access to information about legal brothels and possibly some private sex workers if they have put in a development application. Street sex work is more limited but highly visible.
    10. 17. For example, approximately 50 licensed brothels are registered with the City of Sydney Council (average 4 sex workers per licensed brothel) sites, and 15 massage parlours. It is estimated there are around 150 to 200 home-based sex workers in the City of Sydney. Sex Worker Organisations such as the Scarlet Alliance estimate street based sex workers comprises around 1 to 2 percent of all sex workers. Sex workers work part time and there may be about 200 sex workers working at any one night in the City of Sydney.
    11. 18. Personal ads in the newspapers and other sources such as SWOP would be useful to access within LGAs in order to estimate the number of workers who could potentially attend a service. Police also have data on street workers in relation to complaints. It can be useful to develop a relationship with Local Area Commands to develop collaborative approaches to managing issues concerning the sex industry although any constraints and barriers to developing working partnerships with Local Area Commands may need to be considered first.
    12. 19. HIV notifications can be obtained from the Area Health Service Public Health Units Residential postcodes are reported at notification. HARP units also receive quarterly reports on Bacterial STI Notification Data from the NSW Health Communicable Diseases Branch grouped by the former 18 Area Health Services. The public health unit can provide total AIDS death notifications (check with the unit regarding reliability of the data).
    13. 20. Estimate the number of people with HIV in the area by deducting the number of AIDS deaths from HIV notifications (Please note: this does not take migratory factors into account). In some AHS there will be multiple service providers and GPs in high case load areas may be contacted for an estimate of their patient numbers. Patients are entitled to choose where to go for services and may often travel across AHS boundaries especially in Sydney. Other sources of information would include support services such as ACON , Positive Life and the Bobby Goldsmith Foundation as they access clients separately.
    14. 21. Estimates of the number of people living with HIV infection are provided on page 122 of the National Centre for HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research’s Annual Surveillance Report . 9261 people were estimated to be living with HIV infection in 2008 in NSW. The HIV Surveillance quarterly reports provides quarterly updates on cumulative and 2 yearly interval of new diagnosis of HIV infection. Number of deaths are also reported (Example: 1 Apr 08 to 31 Mar 09 = 20 deaths). Projected changed in HIV notifications over time has been estimated by the National Centre of HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research and reported in the following document: Mathematical models to investigate recent trends in HIV notifications among men who have sex with men in Australia.
    15. 22. The National Drug Strategy Household Survey 2007 reported that in 2007 it was estimated that 1.9% of the population of Australia over age 14, (328,100) had ever injected drugs and 0.5% of Australians over 14 82 400 had injected drugs within the past 12 months. Alternatively, the Hepatitis C Virus Projections Working Group ( Pg. 18 ) has estimated that in Australia there are 80,000 regular and 120,000 occasional injecting drug users (IDU). As 33% of the Australian population lives in NSW, it could be assumed there are 26,4000 regular and 39,600 occasional injecting drug users in NSW. The number of IDUs can be estimated by applying the formula to the findings from the National Drug Strategy Household Survey or Hepatitis C Virus Projection Working Group Estimates.
    16. 23. Many IDUs access Needle and Syringe Programs (NSP). Primary NSPs would be able to calculate IDU numbers from needles provided more readily than secondary NSPs as they survey their clients and often have some idea of whether the equipment is being used by the person collecting or a group. Certain ages groups also report higher injecting rates than others. Example those ages 30 to 39 report the higher rates of recent IDU. Males are also more likely to inject than females (2.5% vs 1.3%) ( National Drug Strategy Household Survey 2007 ).
    17. 24. The Australian Needle and Syringe Program Survey (ANSPS) is a cross-sectional study that has been conducted over a one to two week period each year since 1995. The survey forms the basis of Australia’s human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C surveillance among injecting drug users, and monitors behavioural indices of risk in addition to prevalence of infection.
    18. 26. The number of adults within a selected region can be obtained via 2006 Census data’s interface with Google maps or from the Social Atlas of Australia’s Geographical Information System . According to the Australian Study of Health and Relationships 15.1% of men and 8.5% of women reported multiple sexual partners in the past year. Reporting multiple opposite-sex partners was significantly associated with being younger, identifying as bisexual, living in major cities, having a lower income, having a blue-collar occupation, and not being married. Filters that relate to some of the above demographics can be applied to ABS data and may be helpful in strategically locating outreach programs targeting this particular priority group in the areas most needed.
    19. 27. Example: Through the interactive interface provide by the ABS website it is possible to ascertain that 46% of the population of Liverpool are not in a marriage compared with 61% in Leichhardt and 49% in Fairfield. The Social Health atlas GIS system also indicates that Fairfield East has the largest percentage (32%) of blue collar (unskilled or semi skilled) workers in NSW. This compares with 4.6% in Leichhardt and 21% in Liverpool. While Leichhardt has a higher percentage of single people, the Index of relative socio-economic disadvantage indicates that Fairfield is the most socio-economically disadvantaged among the local government areas mentioned, and may therefore be a preferred location for outreach activity targeting this priority group. (Leichhardt =1083; Liverpool = 933 & Fairfield =831).
    20. 28. While CALD populations are not listed as a priority group within the NSW STI Strategy, the Strategy’s Environmental Scan states on pg.27 that the needs of CALD people should be considered where applicable to local population demographics and patterns of immigration settlement. As country of birth and language spoken at home is also collected in the Australian Census it is possible to extract CALD demographic data from the ABS website and also via the Social Atlas of Australia’s GIS . Identification of a priority CALD group should be made in conjunction with relevant multicultural agencies (NSW Sexually Transmissible Infections Strategy Environmental Scan 2006-2010).
    21. 29. Example: Applying the demographic filter for ‘people born in China ’ using the interface provided by the Social Atlas of Australia’s GIS and using the sort function shows that in NSW, Burwood has the largest percentage and Canterbury, the largest number of people who were born in China.
    22. 30. While an estimation of the size of a priority populations will assist services in identifying targets, additional information provided in Part 2 is also required to inform decision making.

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