Achieving SustainableImplementation: Integrated Training, Education, and Best Practices Dr. Igor Khripunov, Center for International Trade and Security, University of Georgia at the UNSCR 1540 Civil Society Forum- Opportunities for Engagement, 8-10 January 7, 2013, Vienna, Austria
Shaping Human Capacity to Achieve Sustainability• The 10 year extension of UNSCR 1540 helps to institutionalize it as a long- term mechanism to prevent WMD proliferation and terrorism.• A robust and comprehensive security culture is the key to sustaining UNSCR 1540 and achieving its counter-WMD mandate.• In addition to UNSCR 1540’s mandatory legal status, a carefully nurtured security culture and associated values will be necessary to keep key stakeholders—professional groups, academia, NGOs, the business community, and the public—committed and engaged.
What is a Holistic CBRN Security Culture? CBRN security culture is an assembly of beliefs, attitudes, and patterns of behavior which can reinforce or complement relevant arrangements and tools at all levels of society (regardless of professional background and social standing) in the process of achieving intended security goals. The human factor and human capacity are cross-cutting elements for successful implementation of UNSCR 1540
CITS/UGA Approach: Search for a HolisticSecurity Culture • In February 2012, CITS/UGA hosted a workshop, “In Search of Sustainable CBRN Security Culture”—in cooperation with UNODA, NTI, and the Stanley Foundation • Objective: Synthesize the experience accumulated by governments, industries and academia into best practice tools and models based on shared principles and approaches in the CBRN arena • The first report, Radiological and Nuclear Security Culture: A Post- Seoul Summit Agenda, was released in mid-March 2012; a second, more comprehensive report is planned for 2013
CITS/UGA Approach: An Innovative Concept in PromotingEffective Security and Strategic Trade Management• The Security and Strategic Trade Management Academy (SSTMA) has operated for seven years and holds two seminars a year• It shares advance skills with professionals from all over the world by optimizing interaction between rules/regulations and human factor management in CBRN security and export controls performance• 450 practitioners, government officials, industry representatives, and academics from over 40 different countries successfully completed two- week training courses• Curriculum covers: nuclear and chem-bio control; international export control regimes, UNSCR 1540 implementation; internal compliance programs; transshipment and brokering; intangible technologies and deemed export; supply-chain security; end use and end-user analysis; etc. (More on CITS/UGA website at http://cits.uga.edu)• The next session is scheduled for March 25- April 5.
CITS/UGA Approach: An Innovative Concept inPromoting Effective Security and Strategic Trade Management SSTMA Global Outreach In addition to the University based training in Athens (USA), SSTMA is holding shorter “visiting seminars” (Saudi Arabia in 2012, Indonesia in 2013)
CITS/UGA Approach: Support for the IAEA as a Major 1540Stakeholder • In 2008, the IAEA published its “Nuclear Security Culture Implementing Guide” (Nuclear Security Series No 7), developed in close cooperation with CITS/UGA experts • CITS/UGA experts participated as instructors in five IAEA regional and national workshops on nuclear security culture since 2007 • Currently, CITS/UGA experts are drafting a practical guidance for self-assessment of nuclear security culture for the IAEA—the IAEA’s second major document on security culture after the implementing guide • CITS/UGA participates and promotes nuclear security education through the International Nuclear Security Education Network (INSEN) by developing educational materials and encouraging new members from many countries • The new assessment will be applicable to nuclear fuel cycle facilities, research reactors, radioactive sources manufacturers and users, transport companies, and others. It will be the industry standard, recommended by the IAEA for implementation globally.
CITS/UGA Approach: Engagement and Training in Key Countries in Supportof the IAEA• Indonesia’s Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) accepted the CITS/UGA proposal to test the emerging self- assessment methodology at its sites• With IAEA approval and participation, CITS/UGA briefed and trained the management of BATAN’s three research reactors in October 2012• After the self-assessment is conducted at the sites in early 2013, Indonesia will share its results with the IAEA, and report them to the IAEA International Conference on Nuclear Security in July 2013• BATAN is considering a program to disseminate its expertise and skills in nuclear security culture and its assessment among other countries
CITS/UGA Approach: Promotion of Chemical Security CultureThrough the Tarnow Center, Poland, and the OPCW • CITS/UGA has been cooperating closely with the Tarnow Center for Chemical Safety and Security and in November 2012 participated in the International Meeting on Chemical Safety and Security • The Tarnow Declaration emphasizes that the center “serves the purpose of the practical promotion and development of chemical security culture and offers both national and international partners a venue for cooperation in capacity building, training, best practice exchanges, and cooperation” • Talks are under way with the OPCW regarding cooperative efforts to explore a concept of chemical security culture
CITS/UGA Approach: The 1540 Compass as an InteractiveForum for Learning, Best Practice Sharing, and Networking• The 1540 Compass is a cooperative project with UNODA launched in January 2012• The major objectives are: - Facilitate national implementation efforts through information dissemination about country-specific activities - Publicize the potential of relevant international organizations in order to build synergies - Promote networking and cooperation of all 1540 stakeholders• The Compass is archived electronically on the CITS/UGA website (http://cits.uga.edu/publications/compass) with hard copies printed for limited distribution• As of December 2012, the Compass page was visited by more than 3,000 readers from 95 countries• Starting in 2013, the 1540 Compass will be available in all six UN languages
CITS/UGA Approach: Masters Concentration Program onNonproliferation and Internationa Security (NIS)• The Masters Concentration Program provides advanced training for U.S. and foreign students who wish to pursue non-academic careers on nonproliferation and international security in governmental and nongovernmental organizations• Special emphasis is placed on encouraging students to focus on UNSCR 1540 related issues• Work is under way to establish 1540 scholarships for students outside the United States• Students have opportunities to participate in CITS/UGA events and travel with its staff to conduct outreach and training activity in many different countries University of Georgia School of Public and International Affairs
Final Observations• The CITS/UGA approach towards sustainable implementation of UNSCR 1540 is based on a combination of training, education, and best practice dissemination in which traditional methods are enhanced by innovative human capacity management• Civil society organizations have a wealth of expertise to contribute to the effectiveness of UNSCR 1540 and have been successfully engaged in this endeavor over the last several years• What may be missing to enhance their efforts is a mechanism which would act as a clearing house and a coordinator enabling these organizations to improve their networking, cooperate on projects relevant to their expertise, and avoid duplication
Thank you! Dr. Igor KhripunovCenter for International Trade and Security firstname.lastname@example.org