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  2. 2. Challenge 2011: 500 mill. containers
  3. 3. • Establishment of Container Profiling Units to identify high-risk containers• Awareness raising activities to Less than 2 % facilitate legal trade inspected
  4. 4. Objective• Establishment of Container Profiling Units to identify high-risk containers• Awareness raising activities to facilitate legal trade
  5. 5. Profiling – Use of Risk Indicators• Information from cargo manifests/Bill of Lading (pre-arrival phase)• Customs declaration (arrival and post arrival phase)• Proactive use of C-Hawk Container Intelligence System• Use of open sources
  6. 6. Training steps- 2 week initial training, including basic training - 2 week practical training - Work Study Tour - 3 week advanced training - specialized training - Mentorship and follow-up visits by trainers
  7. 7. Basic Training Handbook English, French,Russian and Spanish
  8. 8. Container Intelligence System
  9. 9. ContainerComm WARNING MESSAGE FEEDBACK MESSAGE SEIZURE MESSAGEEnglish, French,German, Russian, Portuguese and Spanish
  10. 10. Profiling – Searching and Tracking
  11. 11. Scenario search
  12. 12. Sustainability and pre-conditions
  13. 13. Advanced Interdiction Training • Trade in strategic goods regulated according to international law, conventions and national legislation- WMD related items, including - CBRNE material and dual use goods - SALW (small arms light weapons) - Chemical precursors for explosives Advanced Interdiction Training offer the opportunity to use risk analysis techniques for strategic trade control
  14. 14. Advance Interdiction Training Curriculum Core curriculum• Theory and practice of advanced interdiction, profiling and control of containers• 3 times one week: • 1 week: Strategic goods controls (non-chemicals) • 1 week: Controlled chemicals profiling and control • 1 week: Mentorship and national implementation
  15. 15. Advance Interdiction Training Curriculum Specialized modules Depending on donors priorities and PCUs needs and capacity • Embargoes and sanctions • Firearms controls • Nuclear and radioactive material • Waste control • Operational Intelligence Crawl – walk - run
  16. 16. Advanced Interdiction Training Rotterdam, 12-15 December 2011 Concept:US experts, Dutch customs experts and training hosted by NL Customs Observers from donor organisations Participants from most advanced CCP teams: Panama, Pakistan, Ecuador, Senegal and Ghana • Team up container “profilers” and counter proliferation experts • Make the PCUs aware and interested in the subject
  17. 17. Advanced Interdiction TrainingMain outcomes:• CCP had one case of explosives precursors (Pakistan)• Identification of high risk profiles using C-Hawk• Definition of priority subjects for each country: Most likely frauds, trafficking routes, regulated trade, including embargos/sanctions• Commitment of participants to 10% profiling efforts on strategic trade• Design of an AIT full curriculum
  18. 18. Advanced Interdiction Training Tema, Ghana, 14-17 February 2012• German funding for activities in West Africa: - Units from Senegal, Ghana, Benin and Togo• Sensitize PCUs about strategic commodities• Training on arms trafficking in Western Africa (UN expert as trainer)• Understand better the local context related to Advance Interdiction work (Improve activities)
  19. 19. Advanced Interdiction TrainingMain outcomes:• Discussions about arms trafficking from Iran (13 containers)• Identification of high risk trade/routes/patterns including: - Diversion of mines supply (Explosives, chemicals, etc.) - Diversion of Uranium exported from Niger (through Benin) - Possible exports of Libyan weapons from Sahel countries (Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Tchad, etc.) - Transit trade involving high risk States: Gambia, Guinea(s), Burkina Faso, Nigeria, etc. - Maritime trade with Nigeria harbours - Trade with sanctioned/embargoed countries in the region and in the Middle East
  20. 20. The results in the drug area speak for themselves! • Legal framework and political will • Technical assistance and implementationIdentical working methodology
  21. 21. Cocaine:App. 54 metric tonsPrecursor Chemicals: Cannabis:App. 805 metric tons App. 46 metric tons
  22. 22. Approximately 2 tons Hydrogen Peroxide
  23. 23. Counterfeit Goods/Alcohol/Cigarettes/Protected Timber/CITES 9 containers with contraband electrical goods, whisky and vodka – value: 1.500.000 US $:
  24. 24. Azerbaijan Georgia I.R. Iran Afghanistan Kazakhstan Benin Pakistan Cape Verde Turkmenistan Armenia Ghana Moldova Senegal Russia Togo Turkey Ukraine Albania Costa Rica Mali Ecuador Morocco Guatemala Panama Jamaica Paraguay Egypt, Lebanon, Nigeria – Tajikistan – Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar,Singapore, Sri Lanka – China - Chile, Dominican Republic, Peru – Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
  25. 25. Improved Impact With CCP• Dedicated/specialized container targeting units• Long term partnerships• CCP training is tailor made for the country• Performance is monitored and measured• The training builds upon international experience and knowledge on profiling•Continuous mentorships/follow-up training• Trainees get committed due to the results
  26. 26. CanadaEuropean Union/ECFranceGermanyItalyNorwaySpainUnited KingdomUSA
  27. 27. The international legal framework againstCBRN terrorism • Six of the international legal instruments TPB is mandated by the UNGA to promote deal with chemical, biological, radiological and/or nuclear (CBRN) terrorism: – 1980 Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material – 1997 International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings – 2005International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism – 2005 Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (not yet in force) – 2005 Protocol to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation – 2005 Protocol to the Protocol for the suppression of unlawful acts against the safety of fixed platforms located on the continental shelf UNSCRs 1373 and 1540 are also directly
  28. 28. Cooperation in the prevention of CBRNterrorism• TPB is working closely with other programmes of UNODC and with relevant international organizations and other partners in assisting States in their fight against CBRN terrorism• UNODC is an active member of the CTITF Working Group on WMD• UNODC is an official observer to the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism• UNODC has developed a project on technical assistance on the ratification and implementation of the international legal framework against CBRN terrorism based on: – Awareness raising and promotion of ratification
  29. 29. Muchas Gracias« Copyright © 2008 World Customs Organization. All rights reserved. Requests and inquiries concerning translation, reproduction and adaptation rights should be addressed to copyright@wcoomd.orgc».