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Johan Bergenäs Research Analyst The Stimson Center 1111 19th St., NW  12th Floor Washington, DC  20036 (202) 478-3443 [ema...
Donor Government Priorities <ul><li>Counterterrorism </li></ul><ul><li>10 years after 9/11 global counterterrorism capacit...
UN Security Council Resolution 1540 <ul><li>Legally binding call to: </li></ul><ul><li>Enact legal and enforcement mechani...
Development/Security Priorities of Central Asia <ul><li>Transshipment point for  illicit drugs  destined for the EU and Ru...
What Type of Capacity is Needed? <ul><li>Develop legislative framework </li></ul><ul><li>Border controls </li></ul><ul><li...
1540 Dual-Benefit Security Assistance <ul><li>Assistance provided to enhance  border and export controls  to prevent  WMD ...
1540 Dual-Benefit Security Assistance to Meet Regional Priorities Promotion of Trade Policy and Cooperation; Scientific an...
Recent 1540 Dual-Benefit Security assistance success stories <ul><li>Caribbean region and Central America have successfull...
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Unoda 1540 workshop dual-benefit security assistance presentation

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Unoda 1540 workshop dual-benefit security assistance presentation

  1. 1. Johan Bergenäs Research Analyst The Stimson Center 1111 19th St., NW 12th Floor Washington, DC 20036 (202) 478-3443 [email_address] WORKSHOP ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF UNSC RESOLUTION 1540 (2004) Day 3 “ Dual-benefit assistance through UN Security Council Resolution 1540” September 27-29 Astana, Kazakhstan
  2. 2. Donor Government Priorities <ul><li>Counterterrorism </li></ul><ul><li>10 years after 9/11 global counterterrorism capacity-building remains top priority among donor countries; resources committed to this priority are still vast </li></ul><ul><li>WMD nonproliferation </li></ul><ul><li>2002 G8 Global partnership established to provide $20 billion toward the nonproliferation of biological, chemical and nuclear weapons (focus on FSU states) </li></ul><ul><li>Extended for 10 years with global reach, including implementation of Resolution 1540 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offers continuing opportunity for the Central Asia region </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. UN Security Council Resolution 1540 <ul><li>Legally binding call to: </li></ul><ul><li>Enact legal and enforcement mechanisms to prevent non-state actors from manufacturing, acquiring, transshipping WMD </li></ul><ul><li>Develop, update and enhance physical protection measures of WMD and related materials, effective border and strategic trade controls, judicial, financial, law enforcement systems etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages states with the capacity to provide assistance and in turn encourages states in need of implementation assistance to request any resources (financial, technical, human assistance) that will enable them to meet the requirements of 1540 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Development/Security Priorities of Central Asia <ul><li>Transshipment point for illicit drugs destined for the EU and Russia, fueling related criminal activity ; domestic drug production and consumption rates have increased </li></ul><ul><li>Significant volumes of irregular labor migration within the region </li></ul><ul><li>Destination and transshipment point for small arms smuggled from Afghanistan, resulting in ready availability of firearms </li></ul><ul><li>Public health challenges including tuberculosis and limited health care capacity in many regions </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring security of nuclear, chemical and biological research and production facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Need for enhanced, secure transportation infrastructure </li></ul>
  5. 5. What Type of Capacity is Needed? <ul><li>Develop legislative framework </li></ul><ul><li>Border controls </li></ul><ul><li>Export/transshipment controls </li></ul><ul><li>Financial controls </li></ul><ul><li>Physical security of materials/equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Law enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Legal training </li></ul><ul><li>CBRN expertise training/equipment /notification </li></ul><ul><li>Legal development </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of law </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary education </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel development </li></ul><ul><li>Border controls </li></ul><ul><li>Customs enforcement/revenue collection </li></ul><ul><li>Global competitiveness/development </li></ul><ul><li>Logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure development </li></ul><ul><li>Disease surveillance and response </li></ul><ul><li>Reform public finance </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent natural resource trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>Improve reliability of transport system </li></ul><ul><li>Training, logistics for public health providers </li></ul><ul><li>Illicit Trafficking and Crime </li></ul>Resolution 1540/WMD Security Imperatives Regional Development Challenges
  6. 6. 1540 Dual-Benefit Security Assistance <ul><li>Assistance provided to enhance border and export controls to prevent WMD proliferation to non-state actors also inhibit criminal and terrorist activities </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the resources required to limit dual-use nuclear products from being trafficked throughout Central Asia are the same capacity-building necessary to combat drug and small arms smuggling </li></ul><ul><li>Preventing human trafficking relies upon many of the same resources and capacities necessary to detect and prevent movement of terrorists or nuclear components and materials to states and terrorist organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance with strategic trade controls promote efficiencies at transit hubs that in turn facilitate trade expansion, business development and national competitiveness within the global supply chain </li></ul><ul><li>Detecting and responding to biological weapons requires a functional disease surveillance network and a public health infrastructure , and assistance requisite for implementation of the Biological Weapons Convention similarly supports national public health capacity and adherence to I nternational Health Regulations (IHR) </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1540 Dual-Benefit Security Assistance to Meet Regional Priorities Promotion of Trade Policy and Cooperation; Scientific and Technological Cooperation; Support Rule of Law and Good Governance; Improve Health and Transport Infrastructure WMD Nonproliferation UNSCR 1540 Obligations Security Challenges Development Objectives Securing Borders, Military/Law Enforcement, Establish/Implement Export/Trans-Shipment Controls, Establish/Implement Financial Controls, Set up legislative frameworks/legal training, Train and Engage CBRN Expertise Drug Trafficking, Transnational Crime, Islamic Extremism and Terrorism, Border/Customs Management, Secure Transportation Corridors, CBRN Security
  8. 8. Recent 1540 Dual-Benefit Security assistance success stories <ul><li>Caribbean region and Central America have successfully requested 1540 dual-benefit assistance to cover broader security and development capacity-building needs throughout the regions </li></ul><ul><li>1540 regional coordinators </li></ul><ul><li>Currently working on similar programming in East Africa region </li></ul>Economic Development and Diversification Development Counterdrug Efforts, Preventing Small Arms Trafficking, Addressing Youth Gangs and Crime Security WMD Nonproliferation Resolution 1540 Securing Borders, Customs Enforcement, Military/Law Enforcement Personnel Training, Tertiary Education

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