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  1. 1. Toward the Effective Implementation of UNSCR 1540:Japan’s Non-Proliferation Efforts in Asia Mr. Yasuhisa SUZUKI, Counselor Embassy of Japan, Colombia Seminar for the Andean Region States: UNSCR 1540 March 12-14, 2012 1
  2. 2. UNSCR 1540 (relevant provisions) all States shall take and enforce effective measures to establish domestic controls to prevent the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons and their means of delivery, including by establishing appropriate controls over related materials (OP 3) invites States in a position to do so to offer assistance as appropriate in response to specific requests to the States lacking the legal and regulatory infrastructure, implementation experience and/or resources (OP 7) Calls upon all States to promote dialogue and cooperation on non-proliferation (OP 9) 2
  3. 3. OutlineNon-proliferation  Political initiatives  Policy coordination and dialogueExport Control sharing technical know-how and strengthening regional network  Seminars, training courses  Grant aid  Cooperation between government and private sectorEnforcement Capacity Building  Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) 3
  4. 4. Political InitiativesThe 14th ASEAN-Japan Summit Meeting  Joint Declaration  Action PlanThe 3rd Mekong-Japan Summit Meeting  Joint DeclarationThe 6th East Asia Summit (EAS)  Chairman’s Statement 4
  5. 5. Asian Senior-level Talks on Non-Proliferation (ASTOP) Purpose: To foster common understanding on the need to strengthen non-proliferation efforts and promote cooperation The 8th meeting of ASTOP was held in Tokyo in December 2011 Participants: Director-General level officials of foreign ministries from 10 ASEAN countries, Australia, Canada, China, New Zealand, South Korea, U.S. 5
  6. 6. Seminars for promoting UNSCR 1540 “Promoting the Global Instruments of Nonproliferation and Disarmament: The United Nations and the Nuclear Challenge” (May 31, 2011) Panel discussion with experts of the threeSecretary General Ban Ki-moon delivering keynote speech Security Council Committees on non-proliferation“The Turtle Bay Security Roundtable: Navigating the Sanctions Regime, Promoting Proliferation Prevention” (December 5, 2011) Opening remarks by Ambassador Nishida Participants of the Second Session 6 discussing the challenges of WMD non-proliferation
  7. 7. Asian Export Control Seminar Purpose: To promote common understanding on the importance of export controls and to share technical know- how on effective export control system The 19th meeting was held in Tokyo in February 2012. Working-level officials and experts from 33 countries/regions and organizations totaling some 100 attended the seminar. In Asia, the awareness has been developed from “WHY export control is necessary” to “HOW it should be implemented”. 7
  8. 8. Training Courses and Other Cooperation JICA(Japan International Cooperation Agency) Training Course on Improvements of Implementation on Security Export Controls in Asia Grant Aid for Anti-Terrorism and Security Cargo X-ray Detector Capacity building of customs officials 8
  9. 9. Collaboration with IndustryOutreach seminars for overseas industries  One-day seminar for industries in Asian countries/regions  Purpose: To provide knowledge on export controls  2011: Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, and TaiwanCISTEC (Center for Information on Security Trade Control) Serves as a “linkage channel” among industry, government and academia Supports voluntary export controls of business 9
  10. 10. Strengthening of Enforcement Capacity: PSI(Proliferation Security Initiative) Launched in May 2003 International effort to strop/interdict proliferation of WMDs and related materials Voluntary actions by states within the framework of existing national and international law Nearly 100 countries have endorsed PSI 10
  11. 11. PSI: How it works Maritime Interdiction Exercise Vessels from High seasFrance and Australia JMSDF patrol aircraft JCG patrol vessel Location identification Request Boarding and searching Boarding and searching Suspected Suspected US vessel JPN vessel US vessel Transfer of a sarin-related cargo JMSDF vessel 11
  12. 12. Hosting PSI ExercisesTeam Samurai 04  Date: October 25-27, 2004  Participants (excluding Core Group Members): Cambodia, Philippines, Thailand, Sweden, Greece, Turkey, NZPacific Shield 07  Date: October 13-15, 2007  The major objective: to raise awareness of the threat of WMD proliferation and the role of PSI activities among non-PSI countries, particularly those in the Asia-Pacific region.  Non-OEG members and non-PSI endorsees were also invited. 12
  13. 13. Thank you for your attention. 13