Civil Society – A key to UNSCR 1540 SuccessIrma Arguello                                NPSGLobal Foundation – Vienna – Ja...
1st Point:Merits ofUNSCR 1540
UNSCR 1540 – Merits beyond any doubt•   Provides key elements to organize the whole global disarmament    and non-prolifer...
2nd Point:Recognition ofCivil Society as akey driver of 1540success
UNSCR 1540 – Recognized roles•   Governments with primary responsibility on implementation    On behalf of states.•   Reg...
UNSCR 1540 – RolesDespite of that…                                               Increasing                               ...
Outcomes of a 1540 Successful implementation    (as in any global security tool)•   Universality       •   Every state dev...
Civil Society can Complement Governments’ efforts    What Civil Society can offer for a successful implementationGOVERNMEN...
Civil Society action should go beyond advocacy and control  Practical interventions with potentiality to compensate govern...
Role of Civil Society               Independent organizations as pioneers, coordinators, and leverage agents              ...
3rd Point:Awareness andunderstanding areessential buildingblocks of successfulimplementation
Awareness and understanding of risks and global impacts, despiteof where events would take place, are helpful to neutraliz...
Awareness and understanding help change the      perception about UNSCR 1540     From                               To    ...
Civil Society Organizations - Ways of raising awarenessand understanding  •   Analysis and communication of scenarios and ...
4th Point:Lines of Actionthat could make abig difference
Change of mindset is required•   A more relevant role of Civil Society relating to all aspects of implementation    can be...
Proposed Lines•   The UNSC and the 1540 Committee should formally recognize a role for Civil    Society concerning impleme...
Proposed Lines (cont.)•   Civil Society organizations interested in 1540 should use their comparative    advantages to fac...
Final Thought:Our work on raising awareness will be completed                  only when…                  becomes        ...
Civil Society – A key for UNSCR 1540 SuccessIrma Arguello - irmaar@npsglobal.org                                       NPS...
07 irma arguello the role of civil society in raising awareness
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  • Laws against WMD proliferation by non-state actorsSecurity and accounting measures for WMD, means of delivery, and related materialsPhysical protection of them Border controls and law enforcement to block illicit traffickingStrategic trade controls (export and transshipping)
  • Since the beginning, a dialogue among states and interstate organizations. Nongovernmental stakeholders with a marginal role. Res 1540 just mentions government, industry, public.Lack of a formal reference to a civil societyrole in the implementationNongovernmental stakeholders with a marginal role.
  • Since the beginning, a dialogue among states and interstate organizations. Nongovernmental stakeholders with a marginal role. Res 1540 just mentions government, industry, public.Lack of a formal reference to a civil societyrole in the implementationNongovernmental stakeholders with a marginal role.
  • Need to achieve understanding and agreement about the definition and translation into practice of key statements such as:Appropriate (suitable or fitting for a particular purpose) effective (adequate to accomplish a purpose; producing the intended or expected result) implementation
  • Faster decision making times.Neutrality .More freedom to search out-of-the box solutions.Continuity through successive administrations.Ability to build capacity through international partnerships.True repositories of expertise.
  • Doubts about of potential benefits, certainty about burdens of typical a mandatory system. Poor priority on policy and decision making or even rejection from states:Traditional mindset does not realize that what happens to anyone, happens to everyoneNational proud, many states have demonstrated inertia or apathy against establishing legislation that trespasses on their sovereignty. Stress resources/ expertise vs. goals. Delays on capacity building.One-way-outreach
  • Doubts about of potential benefits, certainty about burdens of typical a mandatory system. Poor priority on policy and decision making or even rejection from states:Traditional mindset does not realize that what happens to anyone, happens to everyoneNational proud, many states have demonstrated inertia or apathy against establishing legislation that trespasses on their sovereignty. Stress resources/ expertise vs. goals. Delays on capacity building.One-way-outreach
  • A more relevant role of civil society relating to all aspects of implementation could be an excellent long term investment, at a national, regional, and global levels:Increasing participation of NGOs, academia, industry, political parties, and other organizations can help close gaps between current available expertise and resources.Support of civil society actors to capacity building as a broadly accepted and endorsed practice (some virtuous examples still in place)Members of the civil society of today will be government tomorrow.The power of education in all its waysAn attempt in Argentina for Latin America. Postgraduate course in Disarmament and Nonproliferation, starting 2010, sponsored by the NPSGlobal Foundation
  • A more relevant role of civil society relating to all aspects of implementation could be an excellent long term investment, at a national, regional, and global levels:Increasing participation of NGOs, academia, industry, political parties, and other organizations can help close gaps between current available expertise and resources.Support of civil society actors to capacity building as a broadly accepted and endorsed practice (some virtuous examples still in place)Members of the civil society of today will be government tomorrow.The power of education in all its waysAn attempt in Argentina for Latin America. Postgraduate course in Disarmament and Nonproliferation, starting 2010, sponsored by the NPSGlobal Foundation
  • A more relevant role of civil society relating to all aspects of implementation could be an excellent long term investment, at a national, regional, and global levels:Increasing participation of NGOs, academia, industry, political parties, and other organizations can help close gaps between current available expertise and resources.Support of civil society actors to capacity building as a broadly accepted and endorsed practice (some virtuous examples still in place)Members of the civil society of today will be government tomorrow.The power of education in all its waysAn attempt in Argentina for Latin America. Postgraduate course in Disarmament and Nonproliferation, starting 2010, sponsored by the NPSGlobal Foundation
  • A more relevant role of civil society relating to all aspects of implementation could be an excellent long term investment, at a national, regional, and global levels:Increasing participation of NGOs, academia, industry, political parties, and other organizations can help close gaps between current available expertise and resources.Support of civil society actors to capacity building as a broadly accepted and endorsed practice (some virtuous examples still in place)Members of the civil society of today can/ will be government tomorrow.The power of education in all its waysAn attempt in Argentina for Latin America. Postgraduate course in Disarmament and Nonproliferation, starting 2010, sponsored by the NPSGlobal Foundation
  • A more relevant role of civil society relating to all aspects of implementation could be an excellent long term investment, at a national, regional, and global levels:Increasing participation of NGOs, academia, industry, political parties, and other organizations can help close gaps between current available expertise and resources.Support of civil society actors to capacity building as a broadly accepted and endorsed practice (some virtuous examples still in place)Members of the civil society of today can/ will be government tomorrow.The power of education in all its waysAn attempt in Argentina for Latin America. Postgraduate course in Disarmament and Nonproliferation, starting 2010, sponsored by the NPSGlobal Foundation
  • 07 irma arguello the role of civil society in raising awareness

    1. 1. Civil Society – A key to UNSCR 1540 SuccessIrma Arguello NPSGLobal Foundation – Vienna – Jan 2013
    2. 2. 1st Point:Merits ofUNSCR 1540
    3. 3. UNSCR 1540 – Merits beyond any doubt• Provides key elements to organize the whole global disarmament and non-proliferation effort.• Goes across different regimes and initiatives.• Reaches the entire UN member states community.• Scope far beyond potential risks related to non-state actors.• Useful to prevent a wider picture of proliferation threats, for example, covert programs in states.• However faces challenges for successful implementation.
    4. 4. 2nd Point:Recognition ofCivil Society as akey driver of 1540success
    5. 5. UNSCR 1540 – Recognized roles• Governments with primary responsibility on implementation On behalf of states.• Regimes and interstate organizations.• UNSC  Committee Experts.• Lack of a formally recognized role of Civil Society concerning implementation…• Summarizing… 1540: mainly a dialogue between governments (states) and interstate organizations (global, regional, sub-regional).
    6. 6. UNSCR 1540 – RolesDespite of that… Increasing support of UNODA, the 1540 Committee, and other agencies.…many organizations from the Civil Society have been continuously working in many ways to facilitate successful implementation.
    7. 7. Outcomes of a 1540 Successful implementation (as in any global security tool)• Universality • Every state develops awareness and understanding • Every state accepts to participate and cooperate • Every state consequently acts…• States putting into practice the prescribed kit of measures: • Appropriate (suitable or fitting for a particular purpose) • Effective (adequate to accomplish a purpose, producing the intended or expected result).
    8. 8. Civil Society can Complement Governments’ efforts What Civil Society can offer for a successful implementationGOVERNMENTS RELIABLE CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS. Primary responsibility. • More specific focus and expertise.• Policy setting. • Lighter/ cheaper structures.• Final decision making. • Faster decision making.• Enforcement capability. • Neutral perspective.• Intelligence. • Less constraints to search out-of-the box solutions.• Broader influence. • Continuity through successive• Resources. administrations.• International representation. • Ability to build capacity through Governments can and international should take advantage partnerships.
    9. 9. Civil Society action should go beyond advocacy and control Practical interventions with potentiality to compensate governments’ shortfalls: • Awareness raising. • Effective communication. • Supply of specific analytic work. • Technical & political advice. • Partnership with government for strategy setting and decision making. • Education & training programs for governments and societies. • Facilitation of processes and relations among stakeholders (national/ international). • Identification of opportunities and resources. • Design of paths for international cooperation.
    10. 10. Role of Civil Society Independent organizations as pioneers, coordinators, and leverage agents PublicThink tanks Political parties Public Think tanks Political parties Independent organizations Government Government Independent her organizationsC Organizations Academia Media Public Media Academia Industry UNSCR1540 Industry Think tanks Political Committee parties Independent Other SC Organizations organizations Government Academia Media UNODA Industry
    11. 11. 3rd Point:Awareness andunderstanding areessential buildingblocks of successfulimplementation
    12. 12. Awareness and understanding of risks and global impacts, despiteof where events would take place, are helpful to neutralize:• Doubts about 1540 relevance.• Resistance to burdens typical of a mandatory system.• Poor priority on policy and decision making or even rejection from states.• Inertia to establish measures perceived as against their sovereignty.. Suspicion about pressures of 1540 sponsors.Also makes easier to:• Setup broader national goals and strategies.• Build the required capacity to implement.• Go from reporting to positive action where results can be accurately measured.• Get required resources.• Appreciate benefits of international cooperation.
    13. 13. Awareness and understanding help change the perception about UNSCR 1540 From To Necessary Mandatory and ConvenientAs institutions from the Civil Society wecan do very much to raise awarenessand understanding, such action shouldbe one of our key priorities.
    14. 14. Civil Society Organizations - Ways of raising awarenessand understanding • Analysis and communication of scenarios and impacts. • Workshops with participants of different profiles. • Meetings between government – other stakeholders. • Priorities: political parties, opinion leaders, and media. • Education efforts. • Promotion of capacity development. • Direct dialogue with governments based on trust.
    15. 15. 4th Point:Lines of Actionthat could make abig difference
    16. 16. Change of mindset is required• A more relevant role of Civil Society relating to all aspects of implementation can be a powerful key to UNSCR 1540 success.• Members of Civil Society of today, can be government tomorrow, so that, investment in capacity building, awareness, and understanding is crucial and should be seen as a long term undertaking.• Many governments are reluctant to work together with Civil Society on critical issues, many are closed to receive any kind external aid (local or international). Both attitudes involve a huge loss of opportunities.• In this sense…
    17. 17. Proposed Lines• The UNSC and the 1540 Committee should formally recognize a role for Civil Society concerning implementation.• It would be desirable that the Committee opens an accreditation system for organizations from Civil Society with the purpose of recognizing their expertise and of facilitating their positioning before governments.• The Committee could suggest governments to work with accredited organizations in order to compensate their shortfalls.• Governments should reconsider the role of organizations from Civil Society as reliable partners to work with.
    18. 18. Proposed Lines (cont.)• Civil Society organizations interested in 1540 should use their comparative advantages to facilitate a successful implementation.• On ideal conditions there should be at least one Civil Society Organization giving support to each state implementation.• Regional models could be also promoted, as well as international networking among organizations.• Awareness raising about 1540 related issues should be a priority for all involved organizations.
    19. 19. Final Thought:Our work on raising awareness will be completed only when… becomes as publicly recognized as
    20. 20. Civil Society – A key for UNSCR 1540 SuccessIrma Arguello - irmaar@npsglobal.org NPSGLobal Foundation – Vienna – Jan 2013

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