Endocrine system presentation#11


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Endocrine system presentation#11

  1. 1. Endocrine System and Medical Terms Related Sirinthip Thanomphon July 14,2010
  2. 2. Glycosuria <ul><li>Is the excretion of glucose into the urine. </li></ul><ul><li>Also called glucosuria . </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 0.1% of glucose normally filtered by the glomeruli appears in the urine, and less than 130 mg should appear in the urine over a 24-hour period. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Possible Causes of Glycosuria <ul><li>Diabetes mellitus. </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy. </li></ul><ul><li>High sugar diet. </li></ul><ul><li>Following a gastrectomy. </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperthyroidism. </li></ul><ul><li>Liver disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Raised intracranial pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Liver disease. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How to Diagnose Glycosuria <ul><li>Purchase a home urine glucose kit or a vial of test strips. </li></ul><ul><li>Store the strips according to the manufacturer's instructions - this helps to protect them from heat, light and humidity, which can destroy them. </li></ul><ul><li>Collect your urine in a clean dry container or pass the test strip through the stream of urine as it leaves your body. </li></ul><ul><li>Check the results, which will be indicated by a color change on the test pad of the strip. </li></ul><ul><li>If your glucose level is greater than 10 to 12 mmol/L, it means that glucose is being excreted into your urine and you have glycosuria. </li></ul><ul><li>See the doctor. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Polyuria <ul><li>Polyuria is the passage of large volumes of urine, at least 2.5 liters over 24 hours in an adult. </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent urination is sometimes included by definition. </li></ul><ul><li>But is in any case a usual complication. Increased production and passage of urine may also be termed “ diuresis”. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Causes of Polyuria <ul><li>Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. </li></ul><ul><li>Primary polydipsia. </li></ul><ul><li>Central diabetes insipidus. </li></ul><ul><li>Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety. </li></ul><ul><li>certain water pills called diuretics. </li></ul><ul><li>Early stage of kidney failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Diagnosis of Polyuria <ul><li>Physical examination : examine state of hydration or examine for signs of complications of Diabetes mellitus. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood tests : full blood count and ESR or renal function tests. </li></ul><ul><li>Urine test. </li></ul><ul><li>Radiological investigations . </li></ul>
  8. 9. Summary of Endocrine System
  9. 10. Function <ul><li>Secreting hormones directly to bloodstream. </li></ul><ul><li>Regulating many body activities such as metabolic rate, water and mineral balance, immune system reactions, and sexual functioning. </li></ul><ul><li>It is instrumental in maintaining homeostasis. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Consisting of Endocrine Glands <ul><li>Two adrenal glands. </li></ul><ul><li>Two Ovaries (in the female). </li></ul><ul><li>Two testes (in the male). </li></ul><ul><li>Four parathyroid glands. </li></ul><ul><li>The pancreas. </li></ul><ul><li>The pineal gland. </li></ul><ul><li>Pituitary gland. </li></ul><ul><li>Thymus gland. </li></ul><ul><li>Thyroid gland. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
  12. 13. Hypothalamus Hormones
  13. 14. References <ul><li>Fremgen, Bonnie F., and Suzanne S. Frucht. Medical Terminology: a Living Language . Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/glycosuria </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyuria </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com </li></ul>
  14. 15. Reference for Pictures <ul><li>www.nlm.nih.gov </li></ul><ul><li>http://medical-dictionary.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.rush.edu </li></ul><ul><li>www.ghi.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.secrets-about-vitamins.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.ucd.ie </li></ul><ul><li>www.doctorsecrets.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.nsbri.org </li></ul>