On my first sonne2

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On my first sonne2

  1. 1. What is an elegy?An elegy is a mournful poem or song, alament for the dead.What does lament mean?Lament means to express sorrow,remorse or regret. A poem or song inwhich a death is lamented.
  2. 2. ObjectivesBy the end of today’s lesson you will be able to:Complete a MITSL analysis of On My First Sonne.
  3. 3. About the poetName: Ben Jonson b.1572 d.1637Occupation: Actor, playwright and poetEducation: The young Jonson attended Westminster School, a rigorous, classics-minded grammar school. He did not go to university, probably for reasons of money, training instead in his step-fathers trade as a bricklayer. However, at some point in the 1590s he chose to try his luck as a soldier in the Low Countries where English troops were involved in the continuing wars between the Dutch and the Spanish.Other: The records of the Tylers and Bricklayers Companies seem to indicate that Jonson worked in their trade from 1595 to around 1602 the same years which saw Jonson establish himself as both actor and writer.
  4. 4. On my first SonneFarewell, thou child of my right hand, and joy;My sinne was too much hope of thee, lovd boySeven yeeres thou wert lent to me, and I thee pay,Exacted by thy fate, on the just day.O, could I loose all father, now. For whyWill man lament the state he should envie?To have so soone scapd worlds, and fleshes rage,And, if no other miserie, yet age?Rest in soft peace, and, askd, say here doth lyeBen. Jonson his best piece of poetrie.For whose sake, hence-forth, all his vowes be such,As what he loves may never like too much.Ben Jonson1616
  5. 5. Farewell, thou child of my right hand, and joy; What’s the poem about?My sinne was too much hope of thee, lovd boySeven yeeres thou wert lent to me, and I thee pay, The poem records and lamentsExacted by thy fate, on the just day. the death of the poets firstO, could I loose all father, now. For why son.Will man lament the state he should envie?To have so soone scapd worlds, and fleshes rage, How can we be sure that JonsonAnd, if no other miserie, yet age? is speaking for and as himself?Rest in soft peace, and, askd, say here doth lyeBen. Jonson his best piece of poetrie.For whose sake, hence-forth, all his vowes be such, Jonson writes as if talking toAs what he loves may never like too much. his son - and as if he assumes that the boy can hear or read his words. What cause does the poet give as to why the boy died?
  6. 6. Farewell, thou child of my right hand, and joy; Explain the paradox ‘Will manMy sinne was too much hope of thee, lovd boy lament the state he shouldSeven yeeres thou wert lent to me, and I thee pay, envie?’Exacted by thy fate, on the just day.O, could I loose all father, now. For why The boy is going to escape theWill man lament the state he should envie? hardships of life and theTo have so soone scapd worlds, and fleshes rage, misery of aging.And, if no other miserie, yet age?Rest in soft peace, and, askd, say here doth lyeBen. Jonson his best piece of poetrie. What does Jonson mean byFor whose sake, hence-forth, all his vowes be such, ‘here doth lye / Ben. Jonson hisAs what he loves may never like too much. best piece of poetrie’? His son is the best thing he ever made. Comment on the poem’s form and style? The poem is 12 lines long and is written using iambic pentameter. Jonson arranges the lines in rhyming pairs, which we call couplets.
  7. 7. Iambic PentameterIambic pentameter consists of one short syllable followed by onelong syllable – these pairs are Iambs. There are five groups of Iambs– hence pentameter.When read aloud such verse naturally follows a beat, similar to thatof a human heart beat at rest. In written form it looks like this: da-dum da-dum da-dum da-dum da-dumSo Jonsons work would follow the pattern:Fare-well thou-child of-my right-hand and-joy
  8. 8. A gift from heaven Addressed His son’s to his dead name was On my first sonne son Ben, Hebrew Bidding goodbye for “right Farewell, thou child of my right hand, and joy; hand” My sin was too much hope of thee, loved boy.What was the sin? Seven years thou wert lent to me, and I thee pay,The hand of god Exacted by thy fate, on the just day. Died at 7 years What emotion is Oh, could I lose all father now. For why portrayed by the “O”? Hoped for so Will man lament the state he should envy? much, but fate To have so soon scaped worlds and fleshs rage, Questions made him pay And if no other misery, yet age! Escaped the pain why we Rest in soft peace, and asked, say, of growing old should fear Gone to a Here doth lie Ben Jonson his best piece of poetry. death better place For whose sake henceforth all his vows be such As what he loves may never like too much. Euphemism, makes death Wants to avoid sound comforting being hurt again so much

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