Macromolecules (pg 4)
Macromolecules (pg 4)
• Large molecules. Made of subunits.
1. Carbohydrates
• Subunits = Sugars
Carbohydrates
• Subunits = Sugars
• Contain C,H,O arranged in rings
Carbohydrates
• Subunits = Sugars
• Contain C,H,O arranged in rings
• Examples:
– Monosaccharides: Glucose, Fructose
Carbohydrates
• Subunits = Sugars
• Contain C,H,O arranged in rings
• Examples:
– Monosaccharides: Glucose, Fructose
– Dis...
Carbohydrates
• Subunits = Sugars
• Contain C,H,O arranged in rings
• Examples:
– Monosaccharides: Glucose, Fructose
– Dis...
Carbohydrates
• Subunits = Sugars
• Contain C,H,O arranged in rings
• Examples:
– Monosaccharides: Glucose, Fructose
– Dis...
2. Lipids
• Subunits = Fatty acids
Lipids
• Subunits = Fatty acids
• Made almost entirely of C and H
Lipids
• Subunits = Fatty acids
• Made almost entirely of C and H
• Long carbon chains or rings
Lipids
• Subunits = Fatty acids
• Made almost entirely of C and H
• Long carbon chains or rings
• Functions: Energy storag...
3. Nucleic acids
• Subunits = Nucleotides
Nucleic acids
• Subunits = Nucleotides
• Structure = Sugar + Phosphate + Base
Nucleic acids
• Subunits = Nucleotides
• Structure = Sugar + Phosphate + Base
• Examples: DNA, RNA
Nucleic acids
• Subunits = Nucleotides
• Structure = Sugar + Phosphate + Base
• Examples: DNA, RNA
• Function: Store genet...
4. Proteins
• Subunits = Amino acids
Proteins
• Subunits = Amino acids
• Contain C,H,O,N,P,S
Proteins
• Subunits = Amino acids
• Contain C,H,O,N,P,S
• Long chains of amino acids that fold up into
complex shapes
Proteins
• Subunits = Amino acids
• Contain C,H,O,N,P,S
• Long chains of amino acids that fold up into
complex shapes
• Fu...
Proteins
• Subunits = Amino acids
• Contain C,H,O,N,P,S
• Long chains of amino acids that fold up into
complex shapes
• Fu...
Proteins
• Subunits = Amino acids
• Contain C,H,O,N,P,S
• Long chains of amino acids that fold up into
complex shapes
• Fu...
Macromolecules
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Macromolecules

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Macromolecules

  1. 1. Macromolecules (pg 4)
  2. 2. Macromolecules (pg 4) • Large molecules. Made of subunits.
  3. 3. 1. Carbohydrates • Subunits = Sugars
  4. 4. Carbohydrates • Subunits = Sugars • Contain C,H,O arranged in rings
  5. 5. Carbohydrates • Subunits = Sugars • Contain C,H,O arranged in rings • Examples: – Monosaccharides: Glucose, Fructose
  6. 6. Carbohydrates • Subunits = Sugars • Contain C,H,O arranged in rings • Examples: – Monosaccharides: Glucose, Fructose – Disaccharides: Sucrose (table sugar), Lactose
  7. 7. Carbohydrates • Subunits = Sugars • Contain C,H,O arranged in rings • Examples: – Monosaccharides: Glucose, Fructose – Disaccharides: Sucrose (table sugar), Lactose – Polysaccharides: Starch, Glycogen
  8. 8. Carbohydrates • Subunits = Sugars • Contain C,H,O arranged in rings • Examples: – Monosaccharides: Glucose, Fructose – Disaccharides: Sucrose (table sugar), Lactose – Polysaccharides: Starch, Glycogen • Functions: – Energy (glucose  ATP) – Food storage (glycogen in liver) – cell identification
  9. 9. 2. Lipids • Subunits = Fatty acids
  10. 10. Lipids • Subunits = Fatty acids • Made almost entirely of C and H
  11. 11. Lipids • Subunits = Fatty acids • Made almost entirely of C and H • Long carbon chains or rings
  12. 12. Lipids • Subunits = Fatty acids • Made almost entirely of C and H • Long carbon chains or rings • Functions: Energy storage, insulation, cell membranes, hormone precursors
  13. 13. 3. Nucleic acids • Subunits = Nucleotides
  14. 14. Nucleic acids • Subunits = Nucleotides • Structure = Sugar + Phosphate + Base
  15. 15. Nucleic acids • Subunits = Nucleotides • Structure = Sugar + Phosphate + Base • Examples: DNA, RNA
  16. 16. Nucleic acids • Subunits = Nucleotides • Structure = Sugar + Phosphate + Base • Examples: DNA, RNA • Function: Store genetic information
  17. 17. 4. Proteins • Subunits = Amino acids
  18. 18. Proteins • Subunits = Amino acids • Contain C,H,O,N,P,S
  19. 19. Proteins • Subunits = Amino acids • Contain C,H,O,N,P,S • Long chains of amino acids that fold up into complex shapes
  20. 20. Proteins • Subunits = Amino acids • Contain C,H,O,N,P,S • Long chains of amino acids that fold up into complex shapes • Functions: – Transport (move things in and out of cells)
  21. 21. Proteins • Subunits = Amino acids • Contain C,H,O,N,P,S • Long chains of amino acids that fold up into complex shapes • Functions: – Transport (move things in and out of cells) – Structural (Keratin forms outer layer of skin)
  22. 22. Proteins • Subunits = Amino acids • Contain C,H,O,N,P,S • Long chains of amino acids that fold up into complex shapes • Functions: – Transport (move things in and out of cells) – Structural (Keratin forms outer layer of skin) – Enzymes (speed up chemical reactions)

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