Worldwide Elite Player Development


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Worldwide Elite Player Development

  1. 1. Worldwide Elite Player Development<br />Are England so far behind?<br />Steven Dillon, Tom Fawdry, Dominic Haynes, Scott Slater<br />
  2. 2. Recent World Cup or European Championships<br />Players Produced by Academies, both Men and Women<br />Difference In Priorities<br />How does England Compare?<br />What Happens Next?<br />Success – How does England compare?<br />
  3. 3. Nicolas Anelka – Chelsea<br />Thierry Henry –Barcelona<br />William Gallas – Arsenal<br />Samir Nasri– Arsenal<br />Karim Benzema – Lyon<br />World Cup Winners – 1998<br />European Championships Winners –2000<br />U21 European Championships Winners – 1988<br />Olympic Gold Medallists – 1984<br />France<br />
  4. 4. Klaas Jan Huntalaar – Real Madrid<br />Rafeal Van der Vart – Real Madrid<br />Wesley Sneijder – Real Madrid<br />Ryan Babel – Liverpool<br />Roysten Drenthe – Real Madrid<br />European Championships Winners – 1988<br />U21 European Championships Winners – 2006 & 2007<br />Holland<br />
  5. 5. Bojan – Barcelona<br />Fernando Torres - Liverpool<br />Sergio Ramos – Real Madrid<br />Cesc Fabregas – Arsenal<br />David Villa – Valencia<br />European Championship Winners – 2008<br />U21 European Championships Winners – 1986 & 1998<br />Olympic Gold Medallists – 1992<br />Spain<br />
  6. 6. Freddy Adu – Benfica<br />DaMarcus Beasley – Glasgow Rangers<br />Clint Dempsey – Fulham<br />Taylor Twellman – New England Revolution<br />Natasha Kai – U.S Women<br />Women’s World Cup Winners – 1991 & 1999<br />Women’s U19 World Championship Winners – 2002<br />Women&apos;s Olympic Gold Medallists – 1996, 2004 & 2008<br />Women&apos;s U23 Nordic Tournament – 2008<br />United States of America<br />
  7. 7. David Beckham– L.A Galaxy / AC Milan<br />Wayne Rooney – Manchester United<br />John Terry – Chelsea<br />Steven Gerrard– Liverpool<br />Rio Ferdinand – Manchester United<br />World Cup Winners – 1966<br />U21 European Championship Winners – 1982 & 1984<br />England<br />
  8. 8. Will We Ever See Success Again?<br />
  9. 9. England – (The F.A – The Football Association)<br />‘To enjoy their football experience and improve their techniques.’<br />‘To develop their movement and discover the benefits of learning.’<br />Worldwide Soccer Development Priorities<br />
  10. 10.  France – (F.F.F – French Football Federation)<br />‘To become a professional player with the maximum chance of succeeding. (This includes the four factors of soccer)<br />‘Keep up with academic studies so they can have a career in the event that a soccer career is not an option’<br />Worldwide Soccer Development Priorities<br />
  11. 11. United States of America – (U.S.S.F – US Soccer Federation)<br />‘To promote the implementation of small sided games as a vehicle for match play for players under the age of 12 throughout the United States’<br />‘To promote and encourage in appropriate developmental environment for players that is based on both age and ability characteristics’<br />Worldwide Soccer Development Priorities<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. French Football’s Elite Youth Development<br />“Now France is quite simply the world-wide example for the production of young footballers”<br />Williams (2006) Guardian<br />
  14. 14. National Technical Director (DTN)<br />FFF Coaching Structure<br />8 National Coaches<br />27 Conseiller Technique Regional (CTR)<br />80 Conseiller Technique Departemental (CTD)<br />
  15. 15. Lord Triesman – Independently appointed Chairman<br />Sir Trevor Brooking – Head of Football Development Division<br />53 County FA’s<br />The FA Player Development Structure<br />
  16. 16. Centres de Preformation and Centres de Formation<br /><ul><li>1970 – Centres de preformation and Centres de Formation introduced
  17. 17. “...set the standard in terms of ethos, pedagogy and general education” – Blaquart (2001)
  18. 18. Every member of the 1998 World Cup winning squad graduated from a Centre de Formation – Tournier and Rethacker (1999 : 161)</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Academies or Centre’s of Excellence made mandatory in 1998
  19. 19. Split into 3 age groups:</li></ul> 9-11 Year olds<br />12-16 Year olds<br />17 and 18 Year olds<br /><ul><li>“It might all mean that youth development is no longer seen as a priority” – Howard Wilkinson (2007)</li></ul>English Centre’s of Excellence and Football Academies<br />
  20. 20. <ul><li>Started functioning in 1988
  21. 21. “An excellent complement to the activities of preformation. Selection for international matches gives the youngsters an international culture regarding tactics and irreplaceable experience of the highest level of football” – FFF’s justification of the National Centre de Preformation system – Morlans (2001)</li></ul>Clairefontain<br />
  22. 22. <ul><li>Projected opening date, 2010
  23. 23. Will be based at a site near Burton-upon-Trent
  24. 24. First began preparations in 2001 under the supervision of Howard Wilkinson, the former Technical Director of the FA</li></ul>National Football Centre<br />
  25. 25. <ul><li>“A good thing about buying a French player is a good education, a good attitude, very professional, very focused and tactically fully aware. He knows all the systems” – Marcelo Lippi – Hopkins and Williams (2001 : 189)
  26. 26. “There is already a massive problem with the lack of opportunity given to players of 17 and over. It will impact on the national team if we don't have players coming through from the academies” – Howard Wilkinson (2007)</li></ul>Conclusions<br />
  27. 27.
  28. 28. The Breeding Ground of Dutch Football<br />(FIFA)<br />29 league titles (Eredivisie)<br />4 times winners of champions league<br />17 times winners of league cup (KNVB Cup)<br />Holland<br />
  29. 29. ‘The Child is always the centre of their football not the coaching. Their whole attitude is based on a child and community based culture.’<br />(Cooper, P. English based Dutch UK football school)<br /> <br />‘Central within the club is the style of play (4-3-3), training, behaviour and house rules. Ajax strives to keep the way of playing football recognisable; attractive, offensive-minded, creative, fast, fair and preferably far away from the own goal on the opponents’ half.’<br />(<br />The Vision of Ajax <br />
  30. 30. English Society & Culture<br />(UNICEF, Child poverty in perspective:<br />An overview of child well-being in rich countries, Innocenti Report Card 7, 2007<br />UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Florence.)<br />
  31. 31. “At the moment anyone who’s any good quickly goes through the system and is coaching 16-plus because that’s the only place to get any money, whereas in other countries they pay quality people to stay in the 5-11’s and to stay in the 11-16’s”<br />(Sir Trevor Brooking)<br /> <br />Premier League only signed up to UEFA’s coaching rules in 2003<br />A View from the Top…<br />
  32. 32. England must go Dutch to become world<br /> beaters<br />Watford FC and the Harefield Academy<br />Government Academies Initiative<br />What Next?<br />
  33. 33.
  34. 34. USAElite Player Development<br />
  35. 35. Too much pressure on young players<br />A severe lack of age appropriate coaching<br />No obvious system to accommodate for late developing players<br />Too much emphasis on results in all age groups<br />A lack of ability to develop talent early and placing them in the correct environment <br /> (Allen 2008)<br />Problems in the development of young players<br />
  36. 36. “In the United States, we have sought<br /> to develop players in a somewhat backward<br /> way compared with the rest of the world.”<br /> (Allen 2008, p.17)<br /> “...we have been trying to fit younger players into an adult scheme based upon the mistaken notion that they will develop through earlier and more intense competition.”<br /> (Allen 2008, p.17)<br />Problems continued...<br />
  37. 37. The opportunities to mimic or copy from<br /> observing other players<br />The freedom to experiment without the fear of being cut from the squad or benched<br />Playing with and against many different<br /> players each day, allowing each player to adopt many different roles<br /> (Allen 2008)<br />Street Soccer<br />
  38. 38. “Long term player development is an issue that every football club in the world has to address and a number of clubs around the globe are turning to a proven and successful club in this field to help meet their objectives”<br /> (Everton Academy Online 2008)<br />Illinois Youth Soccer Association<br />Ontario Soccer Association<br />FC Revolution<br />New England Aztecs<br />Making Positive Change In Player Development...The Everton Way<br />
  39. 39. How did we conduct our research?<br />Where did we find our research?<br />Did we encounter any problems?<br />Strengths and Weaknesses <br />of mediums?<br />RESEARCH<br />
  40. 40. Identified contemporary issue within sport ‘European Culture for Elite Player Development’<br />Decision on approach, how would we tackle the subject?<br />Initial general research of industry and topics<br />Decided how would information be presented? Concluded on PowerPoint presentation<br />Research Approach<br />
  41. 41. Group delegated and divided workload<br />Conduct individual research<br />‘Reported Back’ to group, presenting initial findings<br />Confirmation of Topic – ‘Worldwide Elite Player Development’<br />Deeper individual and group research<br />Initial Draft<br />Research Approach Continued…<br />
  42. 42. Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques<br />Emails – <br /><ul><li>Quick and easy to send
  43. 43. Email addresses easily accessible
  44. 44. Multiple emails can be sent
  45. 45. Can be sent worldwide
  46. 46. Accessible from various locations</li></ul>X Response not always received<br />X Not very personal<br />X Computers not always available to access<br />X Receiver may not be educated in that field<br />X Research may not be reliable<br />
  47. 47. Letters – <br /><ul><li>Personal way of researching
  48. 48. Get a more thorough response
  49. 49. Can be subject specific</li></ul>X Speed of delivery slows research down<br />X Not always the priority of the receiver<br />X Can get lost in the postal system<br />Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques<br />
  50. 50. Questionnaires –<br /><ul><li>Can cover a variety of subjects
  51. 51. A professional way of researching
  52. 52. Can help statistical analysis
  53. 53. Can cover large quantities of people</li></ul>X Receivers are not always prepared to answer many questions<br />X Few recipients replied to questionnaire<br />X Often be time consuming<br />Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques<br />
  54. 54. Internet –<br /><ul><li>Vast amount of information readily available
  55. 55. Information can be found quickly
  56. 56. Worldwide sources available
  57. 57. Information free of charge</li></ul>X Sources not always reliable <br />X Often too much information<br />X Sources sometimes conflict each other<br />X Not always up to date<br />Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques<br />
  58. 58. Journals –<br /><ul><li>Sources are reliable
  59. 59. Highest Level on Evidence Spectrum</li></ul>X Not always easily accessible<br />X Information not always up to date, due to embargoes <br />X Journals sometimes incur costs<br />X Difficulties obtaining journals<br />Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques<br />
  60. 60. Books – <br /><ul><li>Vast quantity of books available
  61. 61. Offer various opinions and facts
  62. 62. Reliable source as they have been published</li></ul>X Books often contradict each other<br />X Often too much information<br />X Only available in certain locations<br />Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques<br />
  63. 63. Newspapers–<br /><ul><li>Contemporary
  64. 64. Low Cost
  65. 65. Accessible</li></ul>X Opinion Based<br />X Low on Evidence Spectrum<br />X Not Referenced <br />Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques<br />
  66. 66. <ul><li>ANON, 2008. Making positive changes in player development...The Everton Way. Soccer Journal [online], 53 (4), p.1. Available: SPORTDiscus [accessed 8/12/2008]
  67. 67. ALLEN, G. 2008. Dear M. Lewis....Soccer Journal [online], 53 (4), pp.16-20. Available: SPORTDiscus [accessed 8/12/08]
  68. 68. DAUNCEY, H and G. HARE, 1999. The national impact of a world sporting event.
  69. 69. Hare, G. (2003) Football In France: A Cultural History
  70. 70. SCOTT,M., 2008. Brooking Under Pressure after League Attack. The Guardian, 14th November, p69
  71. 71. Questionnaire by Huw Jennings
  72. 72. Williams, A. M. And Hodges, N. (2005) Practice, instruction and skill acquisition in soccer: Challenging tradition. Journal of Sports Sciences Vol. 23 Issue 6, p637</li></ul>Referencing<br />
  73. 73. <ul><li> (Accessed 19th October 2008)
  74. 74. 19th October 2008)
  75. 75. (Accessed 25th October 2008)
  76. 76. (Accessed 19th October 2008)
  77. 77. 19th October 2008)
  78. 78. (Accessed 19th October 2008)
  79. 79. (Accessed 19th October 2008)
  80. 80. Images courtesy of 19th October 2008)</li></ul>References and Sources of Information<br />