Design
Contest
Submission
                      May
1,
2007
     Presented
by
Members
of
the
     Presidio
School
of
Manag...
"We
are
on
a
spaceship;
a
beautiful
one.
It
took
billions
of
years
to
develop.
Were
not
           going
to
get
another.
N...
City
Block
as
a
Cell

Our
Approach
 We
see
a
city
block
as
equivalent
to
a
cell,
a
necessary
building
block
for
life.
 Each
cell
builds
upon
ano...
Roadmap
to
Zero
Impact
            Energy
 Transportation
 Water
Stage
1:
    Solutions
that
can
be
implemented
immediatel...
Energy:
Stage
1
Replace
existing
items

                 • 
Replace
incandescent
bulbs
with
compact
                 fluore...
Energy:
Stage
1
Replace
existing
items

                 • 

Install
drapes
and/or
window
glazing
to
                 mini...
Energy:
Stage
1
Replace
existing
items

                 • 
Paint
roofs
with
light
or
reflective
paint
to
                 ...
Energy:
Stage
1
Replace
existing
items

                 • 
Modify
HVAC
–
replace
older
appliances
                 which
...
Energy:
Stage
2Add
new
technologies
already
on
the
market                         •  Aerotecture
wind
                    ...
Energy:
Stage
2
Add
new
technologies
already
on
the
market
•  Solar
panels
on
roofs
and
in
parking
lots
to
shade
cars/  bl...
Energy:
Stage
2


Add
new
technologies
already
on
the
market
Light
shelves
with
fiber
optic
cables:
      •  Combined
with
...
Energy:
Stage
2


Add
new
technologies
already
on
the
market
North‐facing
skylights
with
superwindows:
                   ...
Energy:
Stage
3
Close
loops
and
give
power
back

                 Hydro
power:
                 •  Waterwheels
currently
i...
Energy:
Stage
3
Close
loops
and
give
power
back

                                                        



Expanding
the...
Energy:
Stage
3
Close
loops
and
give
power
back
                                                           Expanding
the
c...
Transportation:
Stage
1
promote
alternatives
                   •  Purchase
5
‐
10
bikes
to
be
shared
by
                 ...
Transportation:
Stage
2
promote
car‐sharing

                    •  
Implement
neighborhood
car
share
                    ...
Reduce/Eliminate
Transportation:
Stage
3
                       
               use
of
fossil
fuels
             •  Manage...
Reduce/Eliminate
Transportation:
Stage
3
            use
of
fossil
fuels
              •  Part
1:

Divert
waste
vegetable
...
Water:
Stage
1



Water

Conservation

                •  
Rain
barrels
installed
to
catch
rainwater
                  fro...
Water:
Stage
1



Water
Conservation

               •  Install
low‐flow
toilets
in
homes,
residential,
                 an...

Water:
Stage
1



Water
Conservation
                •  
Install
waterless
urinals
in
the
community
                  cen...
Water:
Stage
2
Utilize
Rainwater

                •  

Add
extensive
vegetative
roof
tiles
for
                   rainwate...
Water:
Stage
2
Utilize
Rainwater

                •  Underground
rainwater
collection
basins
                   collect
wa...
Water:
Stage
2
Utilize
Rainwater

                  Install
drip
irrigation
in
gardens
to
reduce
                   evapo...
Water:
Stage
2
Utilize
Rainwater

                •  Replace
2‐3
feet
of
currently
6
wide
sidewalks
                  with...
Water:
Stage
3
Utilize
Grey‐water

                •  
Replace
all
sidewalks,
driveways
and
                  parking
lots...
Water:
Stage
3
Utilize
Grey‐water

                •  Reconfigure
plumbing
to
utilize
grey
water
                  for
toil...
Water:
Stage
3
Utilize
Grey‐water

                •  
Install
intensive
rooftop
community
                  gardens
for
r...
Community
Impact:
Stage
1
    Neighborhood collaboration creates community                  • 
Replace
grass
with

indigen...
Community
Impact:
Stage
1
    Neighborhood collaboration creates community                    Priority
parking
for
hybrid...
Community
Impact:
Stage
1
    Neighborhood collaboration creates community                   • Community
bikes








   ...
Community
Impact:
Stage
1
    Neighborhood collaboration creates community                     Community
recycling

and
 ...
Community
Impact:
Stage
2
    Neighborhood collaboration creates community                    Covering
part
of
the
resurf...
Community
Impact:
Stage
2
       Neighborhood collaboration creates community Sharing
electric
and
biodiesel
   cars
withi...
Community
Impact:
Stage
2
    Neighborhood collaboration creates community                  Remove
fences
in
backyards
to...
Community
Impact:
Stage
3
    Neighborhood collaboration creates community                     Create
green
corridors
   ...
Community
Impact:
Stage
3
    Neighborhood collaboration creates community                   Electric
and
biodiesel
refue...
Community
Impact:
Stage
3
    Neighborhood collaboration creates community                     •  Communal
spaces
break
up...
Thank
You

Presentation: Cell Block: How to Sustainably Power a City Block
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Presentation: Cell Block: How to Sustainably Power a City Block

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This presentation, which takes a typical city block in San Francisco and proposes a possible path to make it a place for local and sustainable living. The city block is transformed from typical inefficiency to Zero Impact
through incremental solutions and strategies focusing on three levels of implementation across three different areas: Energy, Transportation and Water.

This presentation won the 2008 Re:Volt Competition sponsored by Urban ReVision.

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Presentation: Cell Block: How to Sustainably Power a City Block

  1. 1. Design
Contest
Submission
 May
1,
2007
 Presented
by
Members
of
the
 Presidio
School
of
Management

 Green
Building
Club:

 Adam
Cornelius
 Steve
Puma
 Kate
Randolph
 Joy
Rios
 Robin
Connell
 Sheila
Samuelson


  2. 2. "We
are
on
a
spaceship;
a
beautiful
one.
It
took
billions
of
years
to
develop.
Were
not
 going
to
get
another.
Now,
how
do
we
make
this
spaceship
work?"

‐
R.
Buckminster
Fuller

  3. 3. City
Block
as
a
Cell

  4. 4. Our
Approach
 We
see
a
city
block
as
equivalent
to
a
cell,
a
necessary
building
block
for
life.
 Each
cell
builds
upon
another
for
the
sustenance
of
life
for
an
organism.
Our
 goal
is
to
have
our
city
block
lead
by
example
so
as
to
permeate
 and
replicate
throughout
the
city.

 Our
city
block
is
transformed
from
typical
inefficiency
to
Zero
Impact
 through

incremental
solutions

and
strategies
focusing
on
 Energy,
Transportation
and
Water.
 These
are
vital
components
that
enable
a
community
to
thrive.
Zero
Impact
doesn’t
happen
overnight,
so
we
developed
stages
for
each
category:

Energy,
Transportation,
and
Water
 Stage
1
would
allow
for
simple
solutions
readily
available
 Stage
2
requires
significant
investment
and
community
coordination
 Stage
3
represents
an
ideal
synergy
between
the
three
vital
components

 
 
 
All
stages
deliver
a
positive
impact
to
the
local
community

  5. 5. Roadmap
to
Zero
Impact
 Energy
 Transportation
 Water
Stage
1:
 Solutions
that
can
be
implemented
immediately

 











with
minor

investment








Stage
2:
 Solutions
that
involve
neighborhood
coordination

 









and
significant
investment
Stage
3:
 Reinventing
the
city
block
to
be
zero
waste

  6. 6. Energy:
Stage
1
Replace
existing
items

 • 
Replace
incandescent
bulbs
with
compact
 fluorescent
light
bulbs
 • 
Replace
older
appliances
with
Energy
Star
 models
 • 
Target:
15%
‐
50%
 energy
savings

  7. 7. Energy:
Stage
1
Replace
existing
items

 • 

Install
drapes
and/or
window
glazing
to
 minimize
heating
&
cooling
needs

 • 
Target:
15%
‐
50%
 energy
savings

  8. 8. Energy:
Stage
1
Replace
existing
items

 • 
Paint
roofs
with
light
or
reflective
paint
to
 reduce
cooling
needs
and
reduce
heat
island
 effect
 • 
Target:
15%
‐
50%
 energy
savings

  9. 9. Energy:
Stage
1
Replace
existing
items

 • 
Modify
HVAC
–
replace
older
appliances
 which
may
contain
CFC
in
insulation
foam
 such
as:
 • 
A/C
units
 • 
Older
refrigerators/freezers
 • 
Dehumidifiers
 • 
Target:
15%
‐
50%
 energy
savings

  10. 10. Energy:
Stage
2Add
new
technologies
already
on
the
market •  Aerotecture
wind
 turbines
on
top
of
 buildings
 • 
Target:
100%
energy
 production

  11. 11. Energy:
Stage
2
Add
new
technologies
already
on
the
market
•  Solar
panels
on
roofs
and
in
parking
lots
to
shade
cars/ blacktop:
 http://www.futureenergy.org/infohouse.html
 • 
Target:
100%
energy
 http://www.treehugger.com/files/2006/01/_patagonia_comp.php
 production

  12. 12. Energy:
Stage
2


Add
new
technologies
already
on
the
market
Light
shelves
with
fiber
optic
cables:
 •  Combined
with
dimmers
 provide
up
o
46%
energy
 savings
 •  Light
bounces
off
tops
of
 shelves
onto
ceiling
of
room
 •  Provides
shading
&
reduces
 window
glare
 • 
Target:
100%
energy
 http://www.fsec.ucf.edu/en/publications/html/FSEC‐PF‐340‐98/index.htm
 production

  13. 13. Energy:
Stage
2


Add
new
technologies
already
on
the
market
North‐facing
skylights
with
superwindows:
 • 

Superwindows
outperform
walls
 • 


Argon
(an
inert
gas),
doesn’t
 conduct
heat
&
prevents
condensation
 • 


Metallic
oxide
layer
deposited
on
 window
or
skylight
glazing
surface
 reduces
solar
heat
gain
&
UV
 transmission
 http://windows.lbl.gov/facilities/Mowitt/superwindows_can_outperform_wall.htm
 • 
Target:
100%
energy
 production

  14. 14. Energy:
Stage
3
Close
loops
and
give
power
back

 Hydro
power:
 •  Waterwheels
currently
in
development
 have
the
potential
to
produce
1‐2
kW
of
 power,
and
generate
at
least
24
kWh
of
 sustainable
energy
per
day
(the
average
 household
consumes
about
28
kWh
daily)
 •  Can
generate
electricity
from
water
falling
 from
as
little
as
20
cm
 Target:
100%
+
 energy
production

  15. 15. Energy:
Stage
3
Close
loops
and
give
power
back

 



Expanding
the
concept:
 



Hydro
power
using
filtered
grey
water
 Day:
Pump
to
storage
tank
 on
roof
using
day‐use
PV,
 Solar‐powered
water
pumps
 or
use
solar
thermal
system
 (grey
water
filtered
at
 source)
 to
"percolate"
grey
water
 Hydroelectric
generator
 to
roof
 Lithium‐ion
battery
 http://www.rpc.com.au/products/hydropower
 Target:
100%
+

 http://www.newenergynews.blogspot.com
 energy
production
 http://www.stewartcomponents.net

  16. 16. Energy:
Stage
3
Close
loops
and
give
power
back
 Expanding
the
concept:

 Hydropower
using
filtered
grey
water
 Night:
Pipe
water
 through
turbines
from
roof
 to
ground
‐‐
turbines
charge
 Solar‐powered
water
pumps
 Lithium‐Ion
battery
 (grey
water
filtered
at
 source)
 Hydroelectric
generator
 Lithium‐ion
battery
 http://www.rpc.com.au/products/hydropower
 http://www.stewartcomponents.net
 Target:
100%
+

 http://www.newenergynews.blogspot.com
 energy
production

  17. 17. Transportation:
Stage
1
promote
alternatives
 •  Purchase
5
‐
10
bikes
to
be
shared
by
 community
 •  Provide
bike
storage
at
community
 center

 •  Set
up
carpool
program
for
commuters
 to
and
from
the
neighborhood,
and
 place
a
carpool
bulletin
board
for
ride‐ sharing
at
the
community
center
 •  Offer
Chicago
Climate
Exchange
carbon
 offsets
to
neighborhood
car
owners

  18. 18. Transportation:
Stage
2
promote
car‐sharing

 •  
Implement
neighborhood
car
share
 program
with
established
car
share
 company.
Several
cars
to
be
dedicated
 for
use
exclusively
by
this
block
 •  
Partner
with
car
share
company
to
 sponsor
Clean
Air
Days
–
advertising
 the
model
block
where
members
visit
 as
a
learning
experience
 •  
Allow
neighbors
in
local
vicinity
to
 rent
these
cars
when
they
are
not
in
 use

  19. 19. Reduce/Eliminate
Transportation:
Stage
3
 
 use
of
fossil
fuels
 •  Manage
community
biodiesel
 production
for
car
use
and
for
 sale
for
other
local
car
owners.
 •  
Biodiesel
converter
is
just
over
 4
square
so
it
could
fit
in
almost
 anyones
garage
and
produces
 80
gallons
of
bio‐diesel
per
 batch.
 •  
One
batch
per
day
could
 produce
29,200
gallons
per
year!

  20. 20. Reduce/Eliminate
Transportation:
Stage
3
 use
of
fossil
fuels
 •  Part
1:

Divert
waste
vegetable
oil
from
 local
restaurants
for
biodiesel
 production
at
local
biodiesel
co‐op
 •  Part
2:

Use
the
fuel
in
TDI‐type
engines
 for
community
cars
 •  Part
3:

Set
up
small
home‐biodiesel
 production
system
for
community
use

  21. 21. Water:
Stage
1



Water

Conservation

 •  
Rain
barrels
installed
to
catch
rainwater
 from
each
home
and
commercial
site.

San
 Francisco
receives
23"
of
rain
fall
on
per
 year.

  22. 22. Water:
Stage
1



Water
Conservation

 •  Install
low‐flow
toilets
in
homes,
residential,
 and
the
community
center,
to
reduce
gallons
 per
flush
from
5
to
1.6

  23. 23. 
Water:
Stage
1



Water
Conservation
 •  
Install
waterless
urinals
in
the
community
 center
to
save
45,000
gallons
per
year,
each

  24. 24. Water:
Stage
2
Utilize
Rainwater

 •  

Add
extensive
vegetative
roof
tiles
for
 rainwater
retention,
to
reduce
heat
island
 effect,
prolong
roof
life
and
provide
insulation

  25. 25. Water:
Stage
2
Utilize
Rainwater

 •  Underground
rainwater
collection
basins
 collect
water
from
community
center
roof
for
 watering
community
gardens
or
soccer
field

  26. 26. Water:
Stage
2
Utilize
Rainwater

   Install
drip
irrigation
in
gardens
to
reduce
 evaporation
while
delivering
water
exactly
 where
and
when
its
needed


  27. 27. Water:
Stage
2
Utilize
Rainwater

 •  Replace
2‐3
feet
of
currently
6
wide
sidewalks
 with
permeable
vegetative
strips
to
reduce
 runoff
and
aid
groundwater
recharge.

Use
 indigenous,
drought‐resistant
plants.

  28. 28. Water:
Stage
3
Utilize
Grey‐water

 •  
Replace
all
sidewalks,
driveways
and
 parking
lots
with
permeable
pavement
to
 recharge
ground
water
and
reduce
sewer
 load

  29. 29. Water:
Stage
3
Utilize
Grey‐water

 •  Reconfigure
plumbing
to
utilize
grey
water
 for
toilet
flushing

  30. 30. Water:
Stage
3
Utilize
Grey‐water

 •  
Install
intensive
rooftop
community
 gardens
for
rainwater
retention
and
grey‐ water
utilization,
to
reduce
heat
island
 effect,
prolong
roof
life
and
provide
 insulation

  31. 31. Community
Impact:
Stage
1
 Neighborhood collaboration creates community • 
Replace
grass
with

indigenous
 plants
 • 

Encourage
community

 gardening

  32. 32. Community
Impact:
Stage
1
 Neighborhood collaboration creates community   Priority
parking
for
hybrids
 and
carpools
promotes
the
 use
of
vehicles
utilizing
 alternative
energy

  33. 33. Community
Impact:
Stage
1
 Neighborhood collaboration creates community • Community
bikes








 and
bike
lockers
 grant
safe
spaces
for
 cyclists

  34. 34. Community
Impact:
Stage
1
 Neighborhood collaboration creates community   Community
recycling

and
 composting
areas
provide
a
 convenient
place
to
dispose
of
 goods
as
well
as
contribute
to
the
 vitality
of
the
block

  35. 35. Community
Impact:
Stage
2
 Neighborhood collaboration creates community   Covering
part
of
the
resurfaced
 parking
lot
with
trellises
to
 grow
vegetation
creates
a
more
 aesthetically
pleasing
 environment


  36. 36. Community
Impact:
Stage
2
 Neighborhood collaboration creates community Sharing
electric
and
biodiesel
 cars
within
the
community:
 •  Encourages
friendships

 •  Builds
skills
in
new
 technologies

  37. 37. Community
Impact:
Stage
2
 Neighborhood collaboration creates community   Remove
fences
in
backyards
to
 provide
more
common
space
where
 neighbors
can
come
together
to
 share
meals
and
support
communal
 child‐care
programs

  38. 38. Community
Impact:
Stage
3
 Neighborhood collaboration creates community   Create
green
corridors
 throughout
the
block
to
 contribute
to
a
park‐like
 atmosphere

  39. 39. Community
Impact:
Stage
3
 Neighborhood collaboration creates community   Electric
and
biodiesel
refueling
 stations
provide
convenient
 and
environmentally
friendly
 space
for
members
of
the
 community
to
refuel

  40. 40. Community
Impact:
Stage
3
 Neighborhood collaboration creates community •  Communal
spaces
break
up
the
 monotony
of
buildings
by
offering
 beauty
in
the
most
unexpected
places
 •  When
neighbors
work
together
to
 improve
the
block,
they
build
 community
and
increase
pride

  41. 41. Thank
You


×