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Stanford LIFE Festival March 24, 2018 Faking Life: AI, Deception, Blockchain

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New AI tools allow images, videos, and audio to be faked. What can we do? Blockchains can help!

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Stanford LIFE Festival March 24, 2018 Faking Life: AI, Deception, Blockchain

  1. 1. Faking Life? AI, Deception, and Blockchains Steve Omohundro, Ph.D. SteveOmohundro.com SelfAwareSystems.com PossibilityResearch.com https://postmediacanadadotcom.files.wordpress.com/2014/01/74383151_213293952.jpg
  2. 2. Interest in “Fake News”
  3. 3. https://www.wired.com/2017/02/veles-macedonia-fake-news/ http://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/fake-news-how-partying- macedonian-teen-earns-thousands-publishing-lies-n692451 https://www.magzter.com/article/Science/WIRED/Welcome- To-Veles-Macedonia-FakeNews-Factory-To-The-World December 2016 Fake News
  4. 4. https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2018/03/largest-study-ever-fake-news-mit-twitter/555104/
  5. 5. Mark Twain Quote (Not) https://quoteinvestigator.com/2014/07/13/truth/ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Twain1909.jpg/599px-Twain1909.jpg A lie can get half way around the world Before the truth even gets its boots on!
  6. 6. Fake Content Can Be More Exciting! https://www.motherjones.com/wp-content/uploads/adopts-baby630.gif
  7. 7. Opposing Memes Promote Each Other! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rE3j_RHkqJc&ab_channel=CGPGrey
  8. 8. Fakes Optimize Dopamine! https://www.amazon.com/Hacking-American-Mind-Corporate-Takeover/dp/1101982586/ref=sr_1_1 Desire -> Dopamine Happiness -> Serotonin Dopamine seeking -> Addiction, Depression Fake world: Scary, Full of Conflict, Low Trust, Low Love, Scarcity
  9. 9. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/06/opinion/sunday/2017-progress-illiteracy-poverty.html Smallest proportion hungry, impoverished, illiterate Smallest proportion child mortality More people with electricity and clean water
  10. 10. Stalin’s altered photographs https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Censorship_of_images_in_the_Soviet_Union
  11. 11. http://twistedsifter.com/2012/02/famously-doctored-photographs/
  12. 12. https://www.pinterest.com.au/pin/570690584022001081/
  13. 13. https://i.ytimg.com/vi/8ar7WO1T5Cs/maxresdefault.jpg
  14. 14. 1970: “Uncanny Valley” – Masahiro Mori http://www.kpcb.com/blog/is-food-tech-headed-towards-its-uncanny-valley-moment
  15. 15. “Digital Emily” http://gl.ict.usc.edu/Research/digitalemily/
  16. 16. Deep Neural Net CycleGAN https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9reHvktowLY&ab_channel=Jun-YanZhu
  17. 17. Faces from Deep GAN Networks https://blog.heuritech.com/2017/04/11/began-state-of-the-art-generation-of-faces-with-generative-adversarial-networks/
  18. 18. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5169263/Algorithm-puts-Gal-Gadots-face-porn-stars-body.html
  19. 19. Adobe Cloak http://digg.com/2017/adobe-project-cloak
  20. 20. http://pitchfork.com/news/69587-adobes-new-audio-software-eerily-mimics-human-speech/ VoCo: Realistic Altered Speech
  21. 21. https://techcrunch.com/2017/04/25/lyrebird-is-a-voice-mimic-for-the-fake-news-era/
  22. 22. Face2Face https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ohmajJTcpNk&ab_channel=MatthiasNiessner
  23. 23. $450 Million “Salvator Mundi” Leonardo
  24. 24. http://www.vulture.com/2017/11/christies-says-this-painting-is-by-leonardo-i-doubt-it.html
  25. 25. https://news.artnet.com/art-world/artificial-intelligence-art-authentication-1156037
  26. 26. Deceivers vs. Fraud Detectors Who wins? Cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generators: Much cheaper to generate random looking bits Than to detect that they aren’t random http://slideplayer.com/slide/8866865/26/images/30/Cryptographic+Hash+Functions+SHA-512+Logic.jpg
  27. 27. Art World Relies on “Provenance” https://shop.getty.edu/products/provenance-an-alternate-history-of-art-978-1606061220
  28. 28. Blockchains http://blog.newegg.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/bitcoin-logo-3d.jpg https://www.ethereum.org/ Bitcoin Satoshi Nakamoto: 2008 Ethereum: July 2015
  29. 29. Blockchain Proof of Time https://blog.sldx.com/blockchain-proof-of-location-7af5eb8073c1 time blockchain blockchain A B Top block hash Hash of image and top block hash
  30. 30. https://www.lifewire.com/best-gps-cameras-493669 GPS Cameras
  31. 31. Blockchain Proof of Location https://arxiv.org/abs/1607.00174 https://dao.consider.it/can-we-build-a-proof-of-location-system-for-the-ethereum-blockchain?results=true https://blog.sldx.com/blockchain-proof-of-location-7af5eb8073c1
  32. 32. Politicians Should Wear Bodycams http://www.region-muenchen.de/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Bodycam-Polizei-M%C3%BCnchen-1024x768.jpg
  33. 33. Blockchain Society Based on Truth • Verified audio, images, video, time, space • True news – reputation • Uncensorable speech • Verified voting • Politician accountability • Liquid democracy? • Futarchy? • Backfeed economy? https://lovelace-media.imgix.net/uploads/521/33980560-cfe3-0132-45f2-0ebc4eccb42f.jpg

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