Raise retirement age? It depends on health and mobility of an ageing population. If medical science helps people live longer, but with poor mobility, there will be less chance to work. If people live longer and can remain physically active for longer, the adverse impact will be less. Immigration could be a potential way to defuse the impact of an ageing population because immigration is often from younger people.
deliver a coherent and comprehensive set of learning, teaching and training materials that target carers for the development of their competences and professional skills in the domain of social care with ICTs; develop the carer as a key mediator between the opportunities afforded by ICTs to combat social exclusion and enhance quality of life and older persons in home care contexts.
Sustainability: a key factor when considering work in the digital field as technology moves so quickly.
From checkbox to curriculum
That means! Lots of scaffolding of the coursebuilders and the designers.
From Carer to Carerplus: Developing Digital Skills in Care Workers
FROM CARER TO CARERPLUS:
THE TRANSLATION OF A DIGITAL COMPETENCE FRAMEWORK INTO A
BLENDED MOBILE LEARNING PROGRAMME FOR THE DOMICILIARY
EDEN Conference, Zagreb, June 2014
Warburton, S., University of Surrey, UK, Hatzipanagos, S. and Valenta, L.
Eurostat projections for EU Member States highlights the marked increase in the share of
the population in the older age ranges, from 65 to 79 years, and the over-80s.
“As science allows us to live longer and we choose to have fewer
children, we will increasingly rely on the more affordable labor of
Pressures are economic and social. On
healthcare systems and the social service
-> Large shift in the dependency ratio.
-> Increased government spending on health
care and pensions.
-> Shortage of workers … work longer and pay
Social participation and depressive
symptoms in old age:
A decrease in social interactions and social
participation, elements of active ageing, is a
leading risk factor of depressive symptoms in
(Abu-Rayya 2006, Sirven & Debrand 2008, Chiao et al.
2011, Baetz et al. 2012, Lou et al. 2012, Taylor et al. 2012).
Impact on quality of life:
Research indicates that modern ICTs and AAL (ambient assisted living)
technologies can support ageing in the community and at home, with the
result of radically improving quality of life.
The CARICT project analysed fifty two ICT-based initiatives for
caregivers in Europe and concluded that ICT-based services
empower both care recipients and carers and improve their
quality of life.
Digital Agenda for Europe: Pillar VI - Action 57: Prioritize digital literacy and competences
for the European Social Fund (2014-2020). 30% of Europeans have never used the
internet. These people – mostly elderly, unemployed or on low incomes – lack the skills, confidence
and means to use digital media and are thus unable to participate in today's society.
Our approach: develop the carer as a
key mediator between the
opportunities afforded by ICTs and
the enhancement of quality of life
and older persons in home care
To equip European care workers (CW) with a set of digital competences to support
older people (+65) in their use of ICTs and AAL (Ambient Assisted Living)
(i) Enhance professional status of CW and allow them to be more active in
society, enhancing and diversifying their opportunities for mobility,
employability and personal and professional development.
(ii) Impact positively on the quality of life, autonomy and safety of those in
their care, promoting ‘active ageing’.
A set of knowledge, skills, attitudes that are required when using ICT and
digital media to perform tasks; solve problems; communicate; manage
information; collaborate; create and share content; and build knowledge
effectively, efficiently, appropriately, critically, creatively, autonomously,
flexibly, ethically, reflectively for work, leisure, participation, learning,
socialising, consuming, and empowerment.
(Ferrari, A., 2012)
Digital competence: a definition
1. Define digital
competences - relevant
to the care worker sector
(and by extension care
2. Design a method
Four research phases to investigate: the relevance of digital
competences in the care sector, and the digital knowledge and skills
likely to emerge within future care worker activities.
(i) a literature analysis;
(ii) expert focus groups;
(iii) semi-structured individual interviews with experts;
(iv) questionnaire delivered to care workers and care givers.
Methodology reported in Valenta et al. (2013).
1. A digital competence framework
CarerPlus digital competence framework
General digital competence dimensions based on DIGCOMP (Ferrari, 2013)
• Chunking and
2. A blended learning programme
Overview of the four methodological phases in the
development of the CarerPlus digital competence framework
and the blended learning programme
6/15/2014 15 |
Foundational: development of baseline skills to build confidence
and awareness of ICTs and understand their potential application to
home care settings as well as achieve personal and professional
Managing Social Care with ICTs: professional development
activity of the participants to enhance their competences in the
areas of planning, reporting, information seeking, communicating
and networking and building their professional profile.
Providing Social Care with ICTs: (i) active aging and independent
living (ii) promoting social inclusion and bonding and (iii) using ICTs
for cognitive and physical rehabilitation.
For CarerPlus programme
6/15/2014 16 |
• All learning should be driven by authentic activity;
• Basic knowledge skills and attitudes should be revisited in
more depth in a ‘spiral curriculum’ (Bruner 1960) approach;
• Peer support and learning should be encouraged by
providing opportunities to share experience;
• Programme must be designed to engage and motivate
participants, and ensure good progression and retention
Underpinning CarerPlus programme design
6/15/2014 17 |
Delivery – mobile focus
VLE scaffold and Community of Practice – based on mobile internet
devices (tablets – Google Nexus and iPad)
Virtuous circle of activity between Moodle VLE and ELGG
social network with ePortfolio capabilities
6/15/2014 18 |
Building on Bruner
Care workers are developed
Care recipients are not
guinea pigs but ‘co-
We therefore promote mini-
design cycles based on
written up as structured
reports (e.g. STARR or
Changing roles and empowerment in a spiral curriculum
6/15/2014 19 |
Activity led design
Activity-led design: activity mapping and storyboarding
Micro-certification - badging
1. Motivational: reward positive behaviour e.g community building.
Reward achievement of course activities.
2. Reward those who engage in the more challenging aspects of the
activities provided and push their practice beyond the central learning
3. Drive learner determined pathways e.g. badges are used to map out a
‘train the trainers’ pathway through the programme (+ve for
4. Compliment to the more formal certification pathways that are to be
developed under WP3.
Help us to help you help yourself
A profiling tool is used to
test prior learning and
experience in key areas.
Short questionnaires and a
quiz that are broken into
1. About you;
2. Internet use;
3. Computer and Internet
4. ICT quiz;
5. Readiness to learn. Action matrix – used in relation to the
results from the profiling tool.
• Unwieldiness of [digital] competence frameworks;
• Longevity – need to build in sustainability
• Tension between holistic and atomistic qualities (feed-
forward and feed-back design)
• Guide and scaffold participants to adapting the course to
• Co-design and participatory design are powerful concepts
that potentially lead to increased empowerment and
• Badges provide motivation and flexibility (can be used to map