U.S. Constitution Chapter Three: What Does it Say and Mean?
Structure and Principles
Seven articles and preamble:
Preamble-Why the constitution was
1. Article one-Est. the legislative branch.
Lots of details.
2. Est. the executive branch. Vague.
3. Article three-Est. the Federal court
system. Vague. Supreme Court
4. Article four-Explains the relationship
between the states and Federal
5. Article five-Amendment process.
Informal Changes to the
1. Changes through the passing of laws.
2. Changes through government
practices. William H. Harrison. V.P? Two hour inaugural
address during rain storm. Pneumonia!
3. Commerce Clause is a good example.
Changes Through Custom
The constitution does not mention:
1. Political parties. Picks electors.
2. Presidential succession.
3. Executive agreements.
4. Impeachable offenses.
5. Privacy from the gov’t.
Who Determines What the Bill
of Rights Mean?
The Supreme Court makes rulings on the meaning.
The Supreme Court balances the rights of the
individual with the needs of society.
Freedom Within Limits
This is when there
are lies or wrong
This false speech
that damages a
Also, a person
can’t yell fire in a
when NO fire
The First Amendment—Five
Freedom of Speech.
Freedom of Religion.
Freedom of the Press.
Freedom of Assembly.
Right to petition the
2nd Amendment—Right to
“A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the
security of a free state, the right of the people to bear
arms shall not be infringed.”
What is the Debate With the
Right to Bear Arms?
How much can the
government keep guns from
criminals and youth?
In order to keep guns away
from criminals, does that limit
the right of law abiding
cannot force you to
shelter soldiers in your
home without your
consent in time of war
Rights of the Accused
Important to preserve
What does a
policeman need in
order to search
A warrant given
to him by a judge.
Probable cause is
also needed first!
You cannot be tried for the same crime twice—
called “Double Jeopardy.”
You do not have to testify against your self. “I
plead the fifth.”
You must have due process of law before you
The government cannot take your land unless
it pays you.
Future Fright 1 F.F. 2. F.F. 3.
Right to a
speedy trial by
Sixth Amendment continued
You must be told of
charges against you.
You must be provided a
lawyer if you cannot
No cruel and
Prisoner kissing his Mom in prison
Protection of privacy from the government & zones of
1. Probable cause.
2. Search Warrants.
4. Arrest warrant.
1. Double Jeopardy.
2. “I plead the fifth.”
3. Due process of law.
4. Eminent domain.
The right to a jury trail concerning
amounts over $20.00.
“Rights reserved by the People.”
There are NO loop holes concerning our
Even IF a right is not written in the
constitution, it doesn’t mean we don’t
have that right!
“Zones of privacy.” Drones
“Rights retained by the states.”
1. IF there is NO Federal law concerning
a subject, then the state can have a law.
National speed limit?
2. Marriage licenses, health dept., state
parks, and public education. No Child
Jefferson’s Most Important
He said that with this ONE
amendment you would regain all the
other civil rights.
1. Citizens from one
state can’t sue
2. If NV passed a
CA can’t sue NV
president run as a
2. Before Amend. 12
the top two vote
3. Pres. Adams and
V.P. Jefferson were
of different political
parties. Not good.
Civil War Amendments
1. Thirteenth Amendment. 1865. Outlawed
2. Fourteenth Amendment. 1868. Prohibits a
state from depriving a person of “Life, liberty, or
property.” Equal protection under the law. Start
3. Fifteenth Amendment. 1870. Right for ALL
males to vote.
1. Sixteenth Amendment. 1913. Federal
2. Seventeenth Amendment. 1913. Direct
vote of U.S. Senators.
3. Eighteenth Amendment. 1919.
Prohibition. Dry Period
1. Nineteenth Amendment. 1920.
Universal suffrage. Susan B. Anthony
2. Twentieth Amendment. 1933. New
dates for Congress/Pres.
3. Twenty-First Amendment. 1933.
Repeals 18th. Only one repealed! Repeal
1. Twenty-Second Amendment. 1951.
Limits Pres. to two terms.
2. Twenty-Third Amendment. 1961.
Allows D.C. citizens to vote for Pres.
3. Twenty-Fourth Amendment. 1964.
Prohibits Poll tax. Modern Poll Tax?
1. Twenty-Fifth Amendment.1967. Presidential
2. Twenty-Six Amendment. Lowers voting age
3. Twenty-Seventh Amendment. 1992. No pay
raise during CURRENT Congressional session.