Factors affecting the
location of economic
What are the factors affecting economic
Cut out all of the cards
Match up with the correct definition.
Sort into physical and human factors
Stick in your book when correct but check with
Extension: For each one give an example.
Raw materials – the bulkier and heavier these are to transport,
the nearer a factory should be located to the raw materials.
This was even more important in times when transport was
Power (energy) – this is needed to work the machines in the
factory. Early industry needed to be sited near to fast-flowing
rivers or coal reserves, but, today, electricity can be
transported long distances.
Natural routes – in the days before the railway, car or lorry,
transport was by river or horse and cart, so flat areas and river
valleys were essential.
Site and Land – although early industry did not take up much
space at first, it did need flat land for building. As the size of
Labour – factories, and some other sectors of the
industry need large numbers of workers. Others
needed skilled employees e.g. technology-based
industries often need university graduates.
Capital (money) – early industry depended on
wealthy people willing to risk their own money but
investment now also comes from banks and
Markets – the size and the location of markets has
become more important than the source of raw
Government policies – as governments tend to
control most wealth, they can influence industrial
location by giving grants to help certain parts of
Improved technology – examples include facsimile
(fax) machines, electronic mail and satellite
Leisure facilities – in the town and countryside,
leisure facilities for employees are becoming more
Economies of scale – small units may become
You are in charge of a large industrial company and want to build a new
factory which will make your main product. Your job is to design the
factory before it is built so that you will have a good idea of
what it will looklike
what it will need in orderto be successful.
Complete the sheet first to support yourideas - go through the 10
questions listed and record your answers in the spaces provided. When
you have finished, you should have a much clearer idea of what your
factory will be like.
You can then start to design yourfactory but make sure that your factory
ties in with youranswers
is fully labelled to explain yourchoices.
Design yourfactory and draw a sketch of the site it is located in (froma bird’s eye
view) and add labels to explain why you have built it there