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The World Village

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Introduction to development in Year 9

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The World Village

  1. 1. If the world were a village…
  2. 2. Earth is a crowded place.. How many people live on Earth?
  3. 3. Class Work We will be creating a world Fact Book based on the Global Village:
  4. 4. Earth is a crowded place.. Such a large figure is hard to understand… Imagine that the population of the world is a village of 100 people. In this imaginary village, each person would represent 73 million people from the real world. 7 billion people
  5. 5. Nationalities.. Where do people come from in the global village? 61 are from Asia 13 are from Africa 12 from Europe 8 from South & Central America & the Caribbean 5 from Canada & USA 1 from Oceania
  6. 6. Nationalities.. Half of the people in the village come from the 10 most populated countries… 21 are from China 17 from India 5 from the USA 4 from Indonesia 3 from Brazil 3 from Pakistan 2 from Russia 2 from Bangladesh 2 from Japan 2 from Nigeria
  7. 7. Languages… 22 speak a Chinese dialect (18 Mandarin) 9 speak English 8 speak Hindi 7 speak Spanish 4 speak Arabic 4 speak Bengali 3 speak Portuguese 3 speak Russian More than half of the people speak these 8 languages… How many languages can your class speak?
  8. 8. How old are people in the village? 1/5th are 9 years old or under… 10 are under 5 10 are 5 – 9 yrs 19 are 10-19 yrs 16 are 20-29 11 are 40-49 9 are 50-59 6 are 60-69 3 are 70-79 1 is over 79 On average, 1 person dies and 3 babies are born each year. A baby born in the village can expect to live until the age of 63.
  9. 9. Religion 32 are Christian 19 are Muslim 13 are Hindus 12 practice Shamanism/animism/ folk religions 6 are Buddist 2 belong to other religions e.g. Sikhism 1 is Jewish 15 are non religious
  10. 10. Food 31 sheep & goats 23 cows, bulls & oxen 15 pigs 3 camels 2 horses 189 chickens (yes, more than the total population) 50 people do not have a reliable source of food & are hungry some/all of the time 20 are severely undernourished. The villagers have many animals. They help to produce or are a source of food. In the village there are:
  11. 11. Air & water Fresh air & drinkable water are necessities. How many people in the village of 100 have clean air & water? 75 have access to a source of safe water either in their home or within a short distance. The other 25 do not and must spend a large part of each day simply getting safe water. Most of the work of collecting water is done by women & girls. 60 have access to Adequate sanitation – they have public or household Sewage disposal – while 40 do not. 68 breathe clean air, while 32 breathe air that Is unhealthy because of pollution
  12. 12. Schooling & literacy How many in the village go to school? There are 38 school aged children in the village, But only 31 of them attend School. There is 1 teacher Of the 88 people old enough to Read, 71 can read a little. 17 cannot read at all.
  13. 13. Money & possessions How much money do people in the global village have? If all the money in the Village was divided equally, Each person would have About £3900 a year. The average cost of food, shelter & other basics is £2500 - £3000pa But money isn’t divided equally… The poorest 20 people have less than 65 p a day. The richest have more than £5600 a year.
  14. 14. Electricity How many people in the village have electricity? Of the 76 who have electricity, Most use it only at night for light. 76 have electricity… 24 do not In the village there are: 42 radios 24 TVs 30 telephones (15 are mobiles) 10 computers
  15. 15. DEVELOPMENT: what is “developed”? In pairs, you have 60 seconds to consider what “developed” actually means – be specific rather than general in your discussions
  16. 16. Very simplistically, the world can be split into two sections: HICs (high income countries): these countries, once referred to as the First World, are characterised by high disposable incomes (money to buy luxury goods), diverse industrialised economies, large service sectors and high standards of living. LICs (lower income countries): these countries, sometimes referred to as the Third World, are characterised by dependency on agriculture, a low sphere of influence and little or no disposable incomes.
  17. 17. http://www.sporcle.com/games/Pumpkinbo mb/makeitcount

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