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Settlement: Function and Layout


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Year 7 lesson introducing the key concepts of function and layout.

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Settlement: Function and Layout

  1. 1. Settlement LAYOUT AND FUNCTION
  2. 2. What do cities contain? Make a list of at least 5 different land uses you might find in a city.
  3. 3. Settlement layout Dispersed settlements have no central point. Buildings are scattered. Linear settlements clustered along rivers, creeks and streams, and later along migration routes, railroads and highways. Nuclear settlements occurred along crossroads, at river mouths, adjacent to bays, and near centres of industry.
  4. 4. What is the function of a settlement? The function of a settlement relates to its economic and social development and its main activities. • Every settlement has a function. • However, most settlements are multi-functional (have more than one function) e.g. London, so different parts of the same settlement often have different functions. • In addition, most settlements have had a change in function over time. For example, Rhondda in South Wales was a coal mining village but now has a tourist function (mining museum).
  5. 5. Tourist Resorts: usually coastal resorts, e.g. Bournemouth, Blackpool, Brighton Ports: gateway for import/export trade and fishing, e.g. Plymouth, Portsmouth Manufacturing/ Industrial: steelworks, factories or shipbuilding, e.g. Sheffield, Blackburn Mining Towns: based around a coal mine, e.g. Shincliffe (Durham), Merthyr Tydfil Market Town: based around trade, e.g. Guildford Route Centres: central in communications networks, e.g. Swindon Service Centres: centres for local/regional services, e.g. Reading Cultural & Religious: historical attraction e.g. York, Stratford-upon-Avon Residential: designed to accommodate a commuting or resettled population, e.g. Milton Keynes Administrative: tax or registration centres, e.g. Swindon Academic: usually oldest university centres, e.g. Cambridge, Oxford Market Town: based around trade, e.g. Guildford Administrative: tax or registration centres, e.g. Swindon
  6. 6. “De scribe the distributio n o f diffe re nt functio nalland use s in Lo ndo n” (4) Remember: Patterns and Places (if possible)
  7. 7. Beijing: A Multi-functional settlement Function Place example(s) Retail/Commercial   Residential   Port   Market   Manufacturing   Tourism   Entertainment   Administrative/Government   Transport   Finance   Sport  
  8. 8. Textbook – page 65 q2