Oil spills

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Oil spills

  1. 1. Oil Spills
  2. 2. ∗ Release of liquid petroleum hydrocarbon ∗ Due to human activity ∗ Form of pollution ∗ Refers to marine oil spill What is an Oil Spill?
  3. 3. ∗ Takes months or years to clean up ∗ 14,000 spills occur each year ∗ Consume 400 million gallons of oil everyday ∗ Deepwater Horizon killed 33% of fish in the area Oil Spill Facts
  4. 4. • Strongly affected • Ways to die from Oil Spill – Feathers are covered with oil – Hard to fly and escape predators – Cleaning themselves – Blinding them What affects do Oil Spills have on Animals? Seabirds •Most die unless humans intervene
  5. 5. ∗ Ways to die from Oil Spills ∗ Eat fish that swam in oil ∗ Plug the blowhole with oil and drown Continued Killer Whales • Becoming endangered Sea Otters • Fur gets covered in oil which disrupts air bubbles -Air bubbles for warmth -Air bubbles to float • Die from cold waters • Placed in captivity for support
  6. 6. ∗ Cause ∗ Wellhead blowout ∗ April 20, 2010 ∗ Killed 11 workers ∗ 205.8 million gallons ∗ Flowed for 3 months ∗ BP was responsible for the spill ∗ Largest marine oil spill in history ∗ In the Gulf Region ∗ Affected Texas, Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi beaches Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
  7. 7. ∗ High or low pressure hoses to spray oil off beaches ∗ Sorbents ∗ Large sponges that collect oil ∗ Booms ∗ Collects oil off the water ∗ Controlled Burning ∗ Reduces amount of oil ∗ Skimmers ∗ Boats that removes the oil Methods Of Cleaning Booms Controlled Burning
  8. 8. ∗ Navigation ∗ Coast Guard must know where the tankers can drive ∗ Inspect equipment more ∗ Double Hulling ∗ 2 layers of watertight hull surface ∗ Prevent/reduces oil spills ∗ Careful as possible when transporting Ways of Preventing Oil Spills Double Hull

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