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Farming primary activities

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Year 8 lesson on the primary sector - Farming

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Farming primary activities

  1. 1. Farming Aims; What is farming? What processes are involved in farming? How does farming operate as a system?
  2. 2. Food and their origins- draw and plot on your world map! Cashew nuts - India Chocolate – Ivory Coast Mangoes – Malaysia Oranges – Spain Brazil nuts – Brazil Kiwi fruit – New Zealand Bananas – Costa Rica Sugar snap peas – Kenya Wine – South Africa Apples – France Strawberries – Israel Coffee – Columbia Extension: Why do you think these products are produced in these countries?
  3. 3. Primary activities collect natural resourcesPrimary activities collect natural resources oror products from the Earthproducts from the Earth, and include five main, and include five main sections (sections (FFFEMFFFEM):): • FFarmingarming • FFishingishing • FForestryorestry • EEnergynergy • MMiningining
  4. 4. What factors are the best for farmers?  Using the card sort hand out. Cut out all the different labels.  Try to match the information.  Glue the correct matched pairs into your notebooks.  Colour code the physical and human factors
  5. 5. Rainfall Farming requires either human labour or machinery Labour This is the demand for the agricultural products Temperature Crops need between 250mm & 500mm per year Market This is the length of time crops need to grow - wheat needs 90 frost free days Growing season Crops need a minimum of 6 degrees C and three months of 17 degrees to ripen Soil The higher you are the colder it gets so this affects the type of farming Altitude Deep, fertile and well drained soil is best for crops Quotas This may influence what is grown as certain types of farming need more capital Attitudes Governments can also place limits on certain products to prevent surpluses Finance Steep slopes result in thin and infertile soils and machinery is difficult to use Relief Personal interests of the farmer and public will affect what is grown
  6. 6. Farming as a system  Inputs; What goes into the system  Output: Finished product  Processes – The things which make inputs become outputs
  7. 7. Farming as a system  Inputs; What goes into the system  Output: Finished product  Processes – The things which make inputs become outputs

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