How do grace and nature relate? Grace opposes nature Grace = Nature Grace perfects nature Grace flanks (stands alongside) nature Grace restores nature
1. Stay away – it is from the devil! 2. If it is a good performance, no problem – go for it, enjoy yourself! 3. You may attend – but remember to pray prior to or after attending the film to confess your sin! 4. Please go – but I want to see you in church on Sunday! 5. Be careful! First ask yourself whether it will be possible to serve God – not before or after the event, but in your attendance. Should I go and see a dodgy 18 rated film? Grace opposes nature Grace = Nature Grace perfects nature Grace flanks (stands alongside) nature Grace restores nature
Education <ul><li>Towards a Christian approach </li></ul>
Living at the Crossroads: a clash of stories Western story Modernity collapsing into postmodernity Biblical story Creation, fall redemption
that economics is the key to life that technology can control the future that people matter chiefly in so far as they work that arts, humanities and religion are to be seen largely as pleasant extras, to be accommodated if there is time; that there is either no spiritual side to life or if there is it is unimportant and secondary; that in the end there is only matter, money and the industrial machine. (Brenda Watson) Western story
that each person has a standing before God - all are image bearers of God that all reality, “natural” and human, is created reality that education involves growth into wisdom, responsibility, right living and service to God that sin is the central problem in education that Christ is Lord and King is central to education Christian story
Key questions: What is the purpose of education? What do we need to facilitate this? Who is responsible for the education of children? What are the creational norms for education? What idolatries are at work? How can the idolatries be subverted?
<ul><li>Who is responsible for education? </li></ul>Church Law Politics Arts Business Education Science
<ul><li>Who is responsible for education? </li></ul>State Law Church Arts Business Education Science
<ul><li>Who is responsible for education? </li></ul>God Law State Arts Business Education Science
Three models: State schooling (public/ private) Christian schools Home schooling
Teacher Student Subject/ curriculum Western story
Teacher Student Subject/ curriculum What does it mean to be human? How do we learn? Pedagogy Textbooks – what are the idolatries? What is the implicit message in the textbook? How can these be subverted for the kingdom? Christian story GOD
Resources: Association of Christian Teachers Stapleford Centre All of life redeemed website: www.allofliferedeemed.co.uk
Books: DeJong, Norman (ed). Christian approaches to learning theory. Lanham, Md: University Press of America, 1984.Fennema, Jack. Nurturing children in the Lord: a study guide for teachers on developing a biblical approach to discipline. Philipsburg: Presbyterian and Reformed, 1978. Reprinted: Sioux Center: Dordt Press, 1994.Fowler, S. Christian educational distinctives. Potchefstroom: Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, 1987. Fowler, S. et al. Christian Schooling: Education for Freedom . Potchefstroom: Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, 1990.MacKenzie, P. et al. Entry points for Christian education . Care for Education, 1997. Roques, Mark. Curriculum Unmasked: Towards a Christian understanding of education . Monarch, 1989.Van Brummelen, Harro W. Walking with God in the Classroom . Burlington, Ont: Welch, 1992.Van Dyk, John. Letters to Lisa. Sioux Center: Dordt Press, 1997 Van Dyk, John. The Maplewood Story: Fostering a Reflective Culture in the Christian School. Dordt College Press, 2007. Van Dyk, John The Craft of Christian Teaching: A Classroom Journey Dordt College Press, 2000.