Presentation 2, Part 3 Film Lighting, Film Noir


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Presentation 2, Part 3 Film Lighting, Film Noir

  1. 1. film lighting 3 film noir
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>&quot;I killed him for money – and for a woman. I didn't get the money. And I didn't get the woman.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Double Indemnity (1944) </li></ul>
  3. 3. &quot; Film noir is not a genre... It is not defined, as are the western and gangster genres, by conventions of setting and conflict, but rather by the more subtle qualities of tone and mood. It is a film 'noir', as opposed to the possible variants of film gray and off-white.&quot; writer and director Paul Schrader <ul><ul><ul><li>Its primary interest to us today – apart from the intrinsic pleasure of the films – is the powerful influence they have had on a significant number of modern directors and cinematographers. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>A French term that translates as 'black cinema', film noir is a style of film-making that is largely dependent on light for its effects. </li></ul></ul>Humphrey Bogart in The Maltese Falcon
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>The term is used primarily to describe stylish Hollywood crime dramas, particularly those that emphasise moral ambiguity and sexual motivation. </li></ul></ul>film noir is not a genre; rather, it indicates a certain mood, style, point-of-view, or tone. Bogie with Mary Astor
  6. 6. two silhouetted figures in The Big Combo (1955) <ul><ul><li>Noirs tended to use low-key lighting schemes, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>producing stark light/dark contrasts (chiaroscuro) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and dramatic and ominous shadow patterning. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>Of course there is much more to them than just the light. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other features include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>deep-focus camera work, </li></ul></ul>The Third Man
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>disorienting visual schemes, </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>jarring editing or juxtaposition of elements, </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><ul><ul><li>skewed and canted camera angles, </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><ul><ul><li>circling cigarette smoke, </li></ul></ul></ul>Joan Bennett and Edward G Robinson in The Woman in the Window (1944) The Crimson Kimono
  12. 12. <ul><ul><li>and unbalanced or moody compositions. </li></ul></ul>The Fifth Horseman is Fear Double Indemnity
  13. 13. <ul><ul><li>but it is the light that is primarily responsible for the characteristic mood </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><ul><li>Hollywood's classic film noir period was from the early 1940s to the late 1950s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The titles reflect the moods: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark Passage (1947), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is associated with a low-key black-and-white visual style. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><ul><li>Fear in the Night (1947), </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><ul><li>The Naked City (1948), </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><ul><li>In a Lonely Place (1950), </li></ul></ul>Gloria Grahame & Humphrey Bogart
  18. 18. <ul><ul><li>Kiss Me Deadly (1955) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><ul><li>Out of the Past (1947) has many of the hallmarks of noir : </li></ul></ul>( noir icons Robert Mitchum and Jane Greer) <ul><ul><li>a cynical private detective as the protagonist, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a femme fatale, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multiple flashbacks with voiceover narration, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dramatic chiaroscuro (light and dark) photography, </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;She can't be all bad. No one is.&quot; &quot;Well, she comes the closest.&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;He couldn't find a prayer in the Bible.&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;It was the bottom of the barrel, and I was scraping it.&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Oh Jeff, you ought to have killed me for what I did a minute ago.&quot; &quot;There's still time.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and a fatalistic mood leavened with provocative banter: </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><ul><li>Though most of them were low budget 'B' movies, some have achieved the status of classics: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Maltese Falcon (1941), </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><ul><li>Laura (1944), </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><ul><li>Double Indemnity (1944), </li></ul></ul>Fred McMurray, Edward G Robinson and Barbara Stanwyck
  24. 24. The Big Sleep (1946), Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart
  25. 25. <ul><ul><li>The Third Man (1949) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the best – the quintessential noir thriller – is British director Carol Reed's tense tale of treachery set in post-war Vienna, </li></ul></ul>It ends with a climactic nine-minute shootout in the city's underground sewer. <ul><ul><li>with the memorable character of black market racketeer Harry Lime (Orson Welles) </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><ul><li>Orson Welles’ A Touch of Evil (1958) is considered the last of the classic noirs. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><ul><ul><li>Quinlan: Come on, read my future for me. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tanya: You haven't got any. Quinlan: What do you mean? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tanya: Your future is all used up. </li></ul></ul></ul>A Touch of Evil (1958)
  28. 28. <ul><ul><li>Settings were often interiors with low-key (or single-source) lighting , Venetian-blinded windows and rooms, and dark, claustrophobic, gloomy appearances. </li></ul></ul>Joan Blondell and Tyrone Power in Nightmare Alley
  29. 29. <ul><ul><li>Exteriors were often urban night scenes with deep shadows, wet asphalt, dark alleyways, rain-slicked or mean streets, flashing neon lights, and low-key or high contrast lighting. </li></ul></ul>The Third Man
  30. 30. <ul><ul><li>Story locations were often in murky and dark streets, dimly-lit and low-rent apartments and hotel rooms of big cities, or abandoned warehouses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– and, of course, police stations. </li></ul></ul>Dana Andrews and Gene Tierney in Laura Fallen Angel
  31. 31. <ul><ul><li>The shadows of Venetian blinds or banister rods, cast upon an actor, a wall, or an entire set, are an iconic visual in film noir . </li></ul></ul>Private eye Jake Gittes (Jack Nicholson), in a publicity shot for Chinatown (1974).
  32. 32. <ul><ul><li>Characters' faces may be partially or wholly obscured by darkness – a relative rarity in conventional Hollywood moviemaking. </li></ul></ul>Laraine Day and Robert Mitchum in The Locket (1947)
  33. 33. <ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;That's life. Whichever way you turn, Fate sticks out a foot to trip you.&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul>Detour (1946)
  34. 34. <ul><ul><li>While these movies were edgy, often violent and always entertaining, they could also be great fun. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The dialogue was often racy and crackled with banter, never more so than in The Big Steal (1949), with Robert Mitchum and Jane Greer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>'Sparkling dialogue, fast-paced chases and the occasional twist make this a hugely entertaining film,' says a recent review. </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;What I like about you is you’re rock bottom. I wouldn’t expect you to understand this, but it’s a great comfort for a girl to know she could not possibly sink any lower.&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul>The Big Steal (1949) <ul><ul><li>&quot;I'm the kind of guy who doesn't like to turn around, Chiquita. Besides that there's a guy behind me with a gun. Remember?&quot; </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><ul><li>While black-and-white cinematography is considered by many to be one of the essential attributes of classic noir, there are a few colour films that can be regarded as noir. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitchcock’s Vertigo (1958) is one of them </li></ul></ul>James Stewart and Kim Novak
  37. 37. <ul><ul><li>Films made since 1958 are generally referred to as neo-noir . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They include the superb Chinatown (1974), which has one of the best movie posters of all time; </li></ul></ul>Jack Nicholson and those blinds again
  38. 38. Sharon Stone <ul><ul><li>Basic Instinct (1992); </li></ul></ul>Blue Velvet (1992) ; Isabella Rossellini
  39. 39. <ul><ul><li>and the sci-fi classic Blade Runner (1982) </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><ul><li>The influence of noir style and effects can be seen in many modern movies: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>such as Quentin Tarantino’s Reservoir Dogs (1992) and Pulp Fiction (1994) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><ul><li>the Coen brothers Blood Simple (1984) and Fargo (1996) </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><ul><li>and their black and white homage to film noir The Man Who Wasn't There (2001), with Billy Bob Thornton </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><ul><li>Perhaps the best neo-noir since Chinatown is Curtis Hansen’s L.A. Confidential (1997) . </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><ul><li>The influence of noir can been seen in the films of British-born director Christopher Nolan: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in Memento (2000); </li></ul></ul></ul>Carrie-Ann Moss and Guy Pearce
  45. 45. <ul><ul><li>Batman Begins (2005); </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><ul><li>and especially The Dark Knight (2008) </li></ul></ul>Gary Oldman Heath Ledger
  47. 47. <ul><ul><li>Another British director Sam Mendes made much use of noir lighting in his beautifully lit and shot Road to Perdition (2002), with Tom Hanks and Paul Newman. </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><ul><li>Ron Howard's Oscar-winning A Beautiful Mind (2001) includes a large segment shot in film noir style. </li></ul></ul>As John Nash (Russell Crowe) becomes more paranoid, the noir features intensify.
  49. 49. until he sees even his wife (Jennifer Connelly) in that way
  50. 50. <ul><ul><li>David Cronenberg’s A History of Violence (2005), with Viggo Mortensen and Naomi Watts, is considered by many to be one of the best ever. </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. <ul><ul><li>Sin City (2005), directed by Robert Rodriguez, was made in extravagantly stylised black and white with the odd bit of colour. </li></ul></ul>
  52. 52. Heavy shadows and low key light create an atmosphere of threat and foreboding in the noirish V for Vendetta (2005)
  53. 53. Natalie Portman as Evey; her nervousness is emphasised by the typically noir chiaroscuro
  54. 54. And, finally, another homage to the 1940s noir was Steven Soderbergh’s The Good German (2006), filmed in black and white.
  55. 55. &quot;Don't be too sure I'm as crooked as I'm supposed to be.&quot;