Neocartography: the crowd and the cloud

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Keynote at London Mapping Festival's 1st Dec Mapping Showcase

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Neocartography: the crowd and the cloud

  1. 1. Steve Chilton (Middlesex University) Chair of the Society of Cartographers Chair of the ICA Commission on Neocartography Neocartography: the crowd and the cloud
  2. 2. Who said ? <ul><li>&quot;The biggest things in life have been achieved by people who, at the start, we would have judged crazy. And yet if they had not had these crazy ideas the world would have been more stupid.&quot; </li></ul>Arsene Wenger
  3. 3. Neocartography <ul><li>“ map makers who may not have come from traditional mapping backgrounds, and are frequently using open data and open source mapping tools …..” </li></ul><ul><li>“… .. the blurring of boundaries between map producers and map consumers …..” </li></ul><ul><li>“… .. the availability of data and tools allows these neocartographers to make their own maps, and often be the intended audience as well – that is to say they may make the maps for themselves, just because they can” </li></ul>http://neocartography.icaci.org/
  4. 4. The Crowd <ul><li>“ Crowdsourcing is the act of sourcing tasks traditionally performed by specific individuals to a group of people or community (crowd) through an open call.” </li></ul>source: wikipedia http://hostmaster.icaci.org/documents/ICC_proceedings/ICC2009/html/nonref/22_6.pdf CROWDSOURCING IS RADICALLY CHANGING THE GEODATA LANDSCAPE: CASE STUDY OF OPENSTREETMAP
  5. 5. Early crowdsourcing ? <ul><li>The Longitude Prize was a reward offered by the British government for a simple and practical method for the precise determination of a ship's longitude. </li></ul><ul><li>The prize was established through an Act of Parliament (the Longitude Act) in 1714. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Crowdsourced maps
  7. 7. Haiti earthquake response mapping project http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/WikiProject_Haiti/Earthquake_map_resources “ I wish there was a way that I can express to you properly how important your OSM files were to us.” Member of Fairfax County Urban Search & Rescue Team
  8. 8. Crowdmap http://de21.digitalasia.chubu.ac.jp/floodmap/
  9. 9. “ 3G mobile data network crowdsourcing survey by BBC News” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-14582499
  10. 10. http://www.surveymapper.com/mapView.aspx?id=172
  11. 11. http://www.designandenvironment.co.uk/2011/10/aerial-mapping-session/
  12. 12. <ul><li>The amount of manual work needed for ensuring quality for a crowdsourcing system is a major limitation for large scale applications. We introduce CrowdSynth, an end-to-end system design for automatically solving and managing crowdsourcing tasks. CrowdSynth focuses on a class of crowdsourcing tasks for which the goal is identifying a hidden world state by accessing multiple workers. It uses machine learning and decision-theoretic optimization to leverage the complementary strengths of humans and computational agents to solve crowdsourcing tasks. </li></ul>http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/eckamar/crowdsynth.pdf
  13. 13. <ul><li>AGILE and EuroSDR invite researchers, national mapping & cadastre agencies and GIS professionals to participate in a 1½ day workshop to discuss the role of crowd-sourcing in the context of national mapping. </li></ul><ul><li>19th – 20th January, 2012, University of Nottingham, UK </li></ul>http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/grace/events/eventsarticles/crowd-sourcing-in-national-mapping.aspx
  14. 14. HM Treasury: Autumn Statement http://cdn.hm-treasury.gov.uk/autumn_statement.pdf
  15. 15. The Cloud http://mapsof.net/uploads/static-maps/land_ocean_ice_cloud_1024.jpg
  16. 16. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8625813.stm
  17. 17. Cloud computing http://computer.howstuffworks.com/cloud-computing/cloud-computing.htm
  18. 18. http://www.google.com/enterprise/earthmaps/builder.html
  19. 19. Create Customised Maps in the Cloud with Amazon EC2 and Tile Drawer http://blog.programmableweb.com/2009/08/28/create-customized-maps-in-the-cloud-with-amazon-ec2-and-tile-drawer/
  20. 20. “ GIS Cloud Starts HTML5 Mapping Revolution” http://www.giscloud.com/map/16648/parcels-300k-polygons
  21. 21. “ Maps and Apps for Everyone” http://www.vector1media.com/spatialsustain/esris-move-to-the-cloud-enables-intelligent-web-maps.html
  22. 23. http://www.arcgis.com/home/webmap/viewer.html?webmap=9d48ce9b6837492e982e980402d3ed11
  23. 24. References <ul><li>Dava Sobel's 1996 bestseller Longitude recounts the story of the Longitude Prize ISBN: 978-1857025712 </li></ul><ul><li>James Surowiecki’s The Wisdom of Crowds is a standard text on the issues ISBN: 978-0-385-72170-7 </li></ul><ul><li>All about OSM – OpenStreetMap: Using and Enhancing the Free Map of the World by Frederik Ramm, Jochen Topf, and Steve Chilton ISBN 978-1-90686-011-0 </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Steve Chilton: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://neocartography.icaci.org/ @steev8 </li></ul>Crimson flames tied through my ears Rollin' high and mighty traps Countless fire and flaming roads Using ideas as my maps

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