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Swine Flu: What you should know


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Presentation by the Eastern Cape Health Department to Avusa Port Elizabeth staff on Friday, July 17

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
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Swine Flu: What you should know

  1. 1. Swine flu Influenza Influenza A (H1N1)
  2. 2. What is Swine Flu • Respiratory disease of pigs • Caused by type A influenza viruses • Causes regular outbreaks in pigs • People do not normally get swine flu • Human infection can happen • Swine flu viruses have been reported to spread from person to person
  3. 3. Background • In late March and early April 2009, Human cases were reported having the swine flu virus • 1st report / cases in Southern California, San Antonia, Texas and other US states. • Other cases internationally were reported as well
  4. 4. Is the Swine flu virus contagious? • Swine flu influenza A (H1N1) virus is contagious • Spreads from human to human • Its not known how easily the virus spreads between people
  5. 5. Signs & Symptoms • Similar to regular human flu – fever, runny nose, sore throat, cough, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. • However nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea are also common • In the past severe pneumonia and respiratory failure and deaths has been reported in people • Like seasonal flu swine flu cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions e. g diabetes etc
  6. 6. How does Swine flu spread? • Similar to seasonal flu, (airborne) • Sometimes people may become infected by touching something with flu viruses on it and then touching their nose or mouth. • Infected people can infect others from day 1 up to day 7
  7. 7. Prevention measures • 1st and most important -Wash hands • Stay in good general health • Get enough sleep, physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty fluids, eat nutritious food etc • Do not touch surfaces contaminated with flu virus • Avoid close contact with people who are sick
  8. 8. Medication • Oseltamivir or zanamivir for treatment and prevention of infection. • Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines that fight against reproducing in your body. • Treatment prevent serious complications • Treatment to be started within 2 days of symptoms
  9. 9. Infectious Timeframe • As long as symptoms are present • Follow illness onset up to 7 days • Children might be potentially contagious for longer periods
  10. 10. Sources of contamination • Touching from infected areas to other areas • Airborne through Droplet from cough, sneezing of infected person • Germs can spread when touching respiratory droplets from person to surface areas
  11. 11. Live span of Virus • Two hours or longer on surfaces e. g cafeteria tables, desks, tables door knobs • Frequent hand washing will help
  12. 12. Protection of self • No vaccine available • Cover nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing, sneezing • Discard tissue in bin after use • Wash hands often esp. after coughing and sneezing • Use Alcohol based hand cleaners • Avoid touching eyes, nose or the mouth
  13. 13. Protection cont. • Try to avoid close contact with sick people • Stay home from work or school
  14. 14. What to do when getting sick • If you have any symptoms, contact your doctor or hospital or clinic • If diagnosed with swine flu stay home in isolation for 7 days • Emergency medical signs for children– fast breathing, or troubled breathing, bluish skin colour, Not drinking enough fluids • Not waking up or interacting
  15. 15. Cont. • Being irritable that a child does not want to be held • Flu like symptoms improve, but return with fever and worse cough • Fever with a rash • Medical signs –Adults: – Difficult breathing or shortness of breath – Pain or pressure in chest or abdomen – Sudden dizziness – Confusion – Severe or persistent vomiting
  16. 16. Can one get swine flu from eating pork • NO • Not spread by food • Eating properly handled and cooked pork products is safe