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Discussion materials for Internet of Things and Smart Cities - Vespucci 2016 week 2

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This is a presentation file prepared for the Vespucci Summer Institute 2016 Week 2. It serves as the introductory material for discussions. It covers the introduction of the Internet of Things, smart cities, what do we mean by "smart" cities, and finally touched on the topic of startups for the IoT field.

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Discussion materials for Internet of Things and Smart Cities - Vespucci 2016 week 2

  1. 1. Internet of Things and Smart Cities prepared for Vespucci 2016 week 2 Benicassim, Spain 0.23 litre/minute 0.25 litre/minute 0.27 litre/minuteRH: 85 % Temp: 18 Celsius Dr. Steve Liang, Ph.D., P.Eng. Associate Professor, Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary Founder and CEO, SensorUp Inc. Vespucci 2016
  2. 2. I am from Alberta, Canada.
  3. 3. so what?
  4. 4. Think about some Thing
  5. 5. Your Shirt
  6. 6. Your Drink
  7. 7. Your Parking
  8. 8. Your Baby
  9. 9. Your Pacifier
  10. 10. Your Cat Poop
  11. 11. Your Light Posts
  12. 12. Internet of Cows
  13. 13. Vision and Trend #1 Everything that can be connected to the Internet will be connected. It will be either done by you or done to you.
  14. 14. 14 Dark Assets
  15. 15. making invisible visible…. RH: 55 % Temp: 18 Celsius Wind speed and direction: 34 km/h - East PM 2.5: 5.5 ug/m3 Radiation: 0.48 µSv/day Soil moisture: 45% Precipitation: 40mm # of deers passing: 12 per day
  16. 16. Vision and Trend #2 The IoT reveals actionable insights.
  17. 17. Why Locations matter?
  18. 18. Location technology evolution Region-Centric Geospatial Information Feature-Centric Geospatial Information Human-Centric Geospatial Information Device-Centric Geospatial Information 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s Alberta
  19. 19. sensorup.com@sensorup number of users size of spaceUrban Planning/ Civil Engineering Car Navigation/ Web Map Pedestrian Navigation ?? <1m
  20. 20. sensorup.com@sensorup number of users size of spaceUrban Planning/ Civil Engineering Car Navigation/ Web Map Pedestrian Navigation ?? <1m Region-Centric Geospatial Information Feature-Centric Geospatial Information Human-Centric Geospatial Information Device-Centric Geospatial Information
  21. 21. sensorup.com@sensorup number of users size of spaceUrban Planning/ Civil Engineering Car Navigation/ Web Map Pedestrian Navigation ?? <1m Indoor Space Region-Centric Geospatial Information Feature-Centric Geospatial Information Human-Centric Geospatial Information Device-Centric Geospatial Information
  22. 22. sensorup.com@sensorup number of users size of spaceUrban Planning/ Civil Engineering Car Navigation/ Web Map Pedestrian Navigation ?? <1m Region-Centric Geospatial Information Feature-Centric Geospatial Information Human-Centric Geospatial Information Device-Centric Geospatial Information Indoor Space IoT Space
  23. 23. Vision and Trend #3 Location is the first class citizen for the IoT.
  24. 24. What can we learn from AOL?
  25. 25. Today’s IoT Silos Network A Application A Thing A Network B Application B Thing B Network C Application C Thing C Network D Application D Thing D
  26. 26. System of Systems ๏ The real potential of the Internet of Things Network Effect: The value of a network is proportional to the square of the number of users of the system (n²).
  27. 27. Vision and Trend #4 The true value of IoT depends on system of systems.
  28. 28. Vision and Trend #5 The IoT transforms Business Models.
  29. 29. MUST READ
  30. 30. (Porter, 2014)
  31. 31. Vision and Trend #6 The IoT is changing the nature of products (things) and disrupting value chains.
  32. 32. “77% of surveyed IoT experts claimed that Interoperability is the biggest challenge currently facing the Internet of Things” “
  33. 33. Which hardware will Google choose to intentionally brick next? “ “the guardian
  34. 34. What is IoT Interoperability? ๏ (IEEE) Interoperability is the ability of two or more (IoT) systems or components to exchange information and to use the information that has been exchanged. ๏ (Brodie, 1993) Two components X and Y can interoperate (are interoperable) if X can send requests R for services to Y, based on a mutual understanding of R by X and Y, and if Y can similarly return mutually understandable responses S to X.
  35. 35. Web Server Market Share
  36. 36. Vision and Trend #5 Open standards and open source will play critical roles to build the IoT and smart cities.
  37. 37. How Smart is Your City? ๏depends on how interconnected are your systems Friction Motion
  38. 38. Where are the frictions? Sensor and Actuator Smart Things Network Operator Device- Cloud API Data and Analytics APP- Cloud API System Integrator/ Application Provider 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ๏And the frictions to interconnect different systems.
  39. 39. Vision and Trend #7 The smartest city in the world is the city with least friction for innovation.
  40. 40. Case Study #1 • A pilot project funded by Department of Homeland Security and IJIS Institute • Problem: • lacking a Common Operating Picture (COP) for various first responder groups and disaster managers • Solution: • SensorUp platform allows various group to access heterogeneous sensing systems Case Study #1
  41. 41. OGC ® 46 wearable cam heart beat, breathing rate location, acceleration, headings equipment status
  42. 42. OGC Incident Management Information Sharing Internet of Things (IoT) Pilot
  43. 43. Sensors come online
  44. 44. Smart Shirt and Wearable Cam https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xn7FTUs2qOE
  45. 45. Event Notifications
  46. 46. I was impressed with the ‘state of the practical’ where these various industry sensors can be integrated today using open standards that remove the stovepipe limitations of one-off technologies. “ “Dr. Reginald Brothers
 Under Secretary for Science and Technology
  47. 47. Case Study #2 - Smart Citizens for Smart Cities
  48. 48. We are working with some progressive cities around the world Nijmegen, Holland (Smart Emission) Singapore (Smart Nation) Taipei, Taiwan (AirBox)
  49. 49. LASS in Taiwan, 1,000+ air quality sensors by end of 2016
  50. 50. Navigate sensor data in space and time
  51. 51. Rockyview WellWatch ๏ More than 40 participants ๏ High quality data since 2008 Little, K. E., M. Hayashi, and S. H. L. Liang (2015), "Community-based groundwater monitoring network using a citizen-science approach", Groundwater
  52. 52. Calgary Flood 2013
  53. 53. Few thoughts about startups
  54. 54. What is a startup? ๏A startup is a company working to solve a problem where the solution is not obvious and success is not guaranteed.
  55. 55. Few thoughts about startups ๏Problem-Solution Fit ๏Product-Market Fit ๏Product-Founder Fit
  56. 56. Do things paying dividends
  57. 57. Business Model Canvas
  58. 58. Business Model Canvas

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