Sirly Pikknurm
   History   Politics   Economy   Religion   Neighbours   Culture   Sport   Geography – Climate & Landscape
   Baltic Sea   Neighbours:    ◦   Russia – East    ◦   Latvia – South    ◦   Finland – North    ◦   Sweden – West   St...
   Capital – Tallinn    ◦ Population: ~400 000   Population of Estonia: ~1 340 000    ◦ 69% Estonians    ◦ Other 31%:   ...
   National language: Estonian    ◦ Finno-Ugric    ◦ Relative languages:      Finnish      Hungarian? Area: 45 227 km2...
   1208-1227 – Ancient War of Independence    ◦ vs. Livonian Brothers of the Sword    ◦ More than 700 years of occupation...
   Democratic parlamentary republic   President: Toomas Hendrik Ilves   Prime Minister: Andrus Ansip   Parliament – 10...
   International organizations:    ◦   United Nations    ◦   European Union    ◦   NATO    ◦   etc.   Eurozone & Schenge...
   GDP: ~ $25 billion   Main export: Machinery & Equipment (33%)   Major trading partner: Finland   Inflation & Unempl...
   Atheism: ~76%    ◦ Soviet Occupation   Main religion: Protestant (Lutherian)
   Latvia & Lithuania   Shared the same fate   Competing in everything   Estonia is the best developer in Balticum
   Estonian Song and Dance celebration    ◦   Choral festival    ◦   25000+ singers    ◦   Every 5 years    ◦   Since 186...
   Skiing – the most important sport    ◦ Many winter olympic medals   Football – the most popular sport    ◦ Play-offs ...
   4 seasons    ◦ Cold winters and reasonable summers   Coldest month: February (avg. -5 °C)   Warmest month: July (avg...
   Flat – highest point 318m   Forest covers ~40% of territory   1521 islands, under 20 inhabited
   We have invented Skype, which is probably    our greatest invention!   Our important discovery is the mammal egg    c...
Estonia
Estonia
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Estonia

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Estonia

  1. 1. Sirly Pikknurm
  2. 2.  History Politics Economy Religion Neighbours Culture Sport Geography – Climate & Landscape
  3. 3.  Baltic Sea Neighbours: ◦ Russia – East ◦ Latvia – South ◦ Finland – North ◦ Sweden – West Strategic place
  4. 4.  Capital – Tallinn ◦ Population: ~400 000 Population of Estonia: ~1 340 000 ◦ 69% Estonians ◦ Other 31%:  Russians 25.5%  Ukrainians 2.1%  Belarussians 1.3%
  5. 5.  National language: Estonian ◦ Finno-Ugric ◦ Relative languages:  Finnish  Hungarian? Area: 45 227 km2 15 Counties Currency: EURO(1st January 2011)
  6. 6.  1208-1227 – Ancient War of Independence ◦ vs. Livonian Brothers of the Sword ◦ More than 700 years of occupation 24 February 1918 – Estonian Declaration of Independence 1940 – Estonia’s annexation by USSR 1941-1944 – German Occupation 1945-1991 – Soviet Occupation 24 August 1991 – Estonia’s re-independence
  7. 7.  Democratic parlamentary republic President: Toomas Hendrik Ilves Prime Minister: Andrus Ansip Parliament – 101 members 4 main parties: ◦ Estonian Reform Party ◦ Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (IRL) ◦ Estonian Centre Party ◦ Estonian Social Democrats Main subject in Foreign Politics - Russia
  8. 8.  International organizations: ◦ United Nations ◦ European Union ◦ NATO ◦ etc. Eurozone & Schengen Agreement Small country – voice isn’t heard in the EU
  9. 9.  GDP: ~ $25 billion Main export: Machinery & Equipment (33%) Major trading partner: Finland Inflation & Unemployment Economy has one of the best growth rates in Europe (because of joining the Eurozone)!
  10. 10.  Atheism: ~76% ◦ Soviet Occupation Main religion: Protestant (Lutherian)
  11. 11.  Latvia & Lithuania Shared the same fate Competing in everything Estonia is the best developer in Balticum
  12. 12.  Estonian Song and Dance celebration ◦ Choral festival ◦ 25000+ singers ◦ Every 5 years ◦ Since 1869 ◦ Youth celebration http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_lc92Rq4j4
  13. 13.  Skiing – the most important sport ◦ Many winter olympic medals Football – the most popular sport ◦ Play-offs of Euro 2012 qualification Athletics ◦ Olympic gold in decathlon and discus throw
  14. 14.  4 seasons ◦ Cold winters and reasonable summers Coldest month: February (avg. -5 °C) Warmest month: July (avg. +18 °C)
  15. 15.  Flat – highest point 318m Forest covers ~40% of territory 1521 islands, under 20 inhabited
  16. 16.  We have invented Skype, which is probably our greatest invention! Our important discovery is the mammal egg cell, discovered by Karl Ernst von Baer in 1827 We won the Eurovision Song Contest in 2001, with the song „Everybody“ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fj9BRdHhk2I

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