When to Use Whether and IF - What's the Difference?

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When to Use WHETHER and IF - What's the Difference?


the words if and whether can be used interchangeably in informal writing but they are distinct in some ways. Find out when to use "whether" and "if"

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When to Use Whether and IF - What's the Difference?

  1. 1. What’s the Difference Between Whether and If? (when to use whether instead of if, vice versa) www.jroozreview.com
  2. 2. WHETHER - is used on sentences to show choices or alternatives Remember: - can have two possibilities - it may have or may not have the word or www.jroozreview.com
  3. 3. Sample Sentence: The lifeguard was very irresponsible. He did not care whether the swimmer sink or swim in the pool. www.jroozreview.com choices conditional clause (requires OR)
  4. 4. Sample Sentence: I would like to know whether you want wine or beer. www.jroozreview.com conditional clause (requires or) choices
  5. 5. Sample Sentence: Think about whether you really want to explore that cave. www.jroozreview.com conditional clause with OR optional
  6. 6. Sample Sentence: Drop a message whether you are going to my birthday party. www.jroozreview.com conditional clause with OR optional
  7. 7. IF - the result of the action actually depends on a specific condition Remember: - the choices could be a yes or a no - can have a positive or negative possibility www.jroozreview.com
  8. 8. www.jroozreview.com Types of IF Conditionals Type I Conditional – Present Real Conditional shows that when this action happens, the other action is the most possible result
  9. 9. Sample Sentences: If you turn this switch on, it will set off an alarm. www.jroozreview.com Type I Conditional – Present Real Conditional The kids will be very disappointed if you do not bring any cake.
  10. 10. www.jroozreview.com Types of IF Conditionals Type II Conditional – Present Unreal Conditional conditional is used when we want to emphasize on present imagined situations. This action would happen on a certain unreal condition.
  11. 11. Sample Sentences: If I had a lot of money, I would spend my summer in the Bali. www.jroozreview.com Type II Conditional – Present Unreal Conditional She would be very upset if he did not call.
  12. 12. www.jroozreview.com Types of IF Conditionals Type III Conditional – Past Unreal Conditional is used for imagined situations in the past. It often shows regret on the action done.
  13. 13. Sample Sentences: If I had known about the test, I should have studied for it last night. www.jroozreview.com Type III Conditional – Past Unreal Conditional She could have been hurt if you did not protect her.
  14. 14. www.jroozreview.com IF and WHETHER are used interchangeably in informal writing but it is advised to know the distinction between the two because sometimes they have different meanings. REMEMBER:
  15. 15. Sample Sentences: Joshua doesn’t have any idea whether James would visit on Saturday. www.jroozreview.com WHETHER and IF can be used interchangeably Joshua doesn’t have any idea if James would visit on Saturday.
  16. 16. Sample Sentences: Call me if you are going to cook dinner tonight. www.jroozreview.com WHETHER and IF have different meanings Call me whether you are going to cook dinner tonight. shows that the person should only talk to the speaker if he or she is cooking, if not, then he/she doesn’t need to call tells us that the person should tell the person whether she is doing the cooking or not.
  17. 17. www.jroozreview.com The formal rule is to use if when you have a conditional sentence and whether when you are showing that two alternatives are possible.
  18. 18. www.jroozreview.com WE CAN HELP YOU ACHIEVE YOUR TARGET SCORES IN IELTS & TOEFL
  19. 19. www.jroozreview.com IELTS.TOEFL Baguio.Cebu.Davao.Makati.Manila

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