IELTS Writing Common Grammar Mistakes

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common grammar mistakes in the IELTS writing test

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IELTS Writing Common Grammar Mistakes

  1. 1. top 10 common grammar mistakes www.jroozreview.com
  2. 2. Pronoun referent Who vs Whom Lay and Lie Transition Words Subject and Verb Agreement Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com
  3. 3. Pluralization of Nouns Comma Its and It’s Affect and Effect Active and Passive Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com
  4. 4. Pronoun referent Pronouns are used to substitute the name of a noun in the sentence to avoid repetition of the said noun. Incorrect usage Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com My brother was obese when she was younger because of the food choices at home. (In this sentence, the pronoun “he” should be used instead of “she” as the sentence is referring to the noun “brother”.)
  5. 5. Pronoun referent Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com James was with his mother when the accident happened. The woman was found bathing in her own blood. Correct usage Jenny is wearing a beautiful diamond necklace, a gift from her husband James.
  6. 6. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com both are used in adjective clauses Who vs Whom “who” should be used as the subject of the adjective clause “whom” is used as the object of the clause
  7. 7. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com Incorrect usage: The man whom gave me the proposal was my senior. (The adjective clause should use “who” instead of “whom” as it is used as the subject in the clause.) Who vs Whom
  8. 8. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com The woman who is wearing a black suit is a killer. The woman whom we talked to is a killer. Correct usage Whom did you step on? Whom vs Who
  9. 9. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com Lay is a transitive verb that needs an object after it. Lay and Lie It needs something or someone to receive its action. Lie is an intransitive verb. - it does not need an object - it can stand alone
  10. 10. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com I lay the book on the counter. The country lies between different mountain ranges. Correct usage Andrew lays his bag on the table. Lay and Lie
  11. 11. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com Transitions are phrases or words that are used to link one idea to the next Transition Words These words are also used to show the relationship within paragraphs in addition alternatively in contrast also moreover on the other hand
  12. 12. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com They say that health is wealth. Hence, it is important to eat the right kind of foods and exercise. Correct usage Vegetables are good for one’s health. Additionally, fruits that are rich in vitamins and minerals also can keep us healthy. Transition Words (We use “hence” to show a reason to a prior idea.) (“Additionally” is used to add an idea or a point.)
  13. 13. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com Remember: Subject-Verb Agreement singular subject takes a singular verb. plural subject takes a plural verb
  14. 14. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com Everybody in the world knows that English is widely spoken. Correct usage A number of students have left the stadium after the announcement was made. Subject-Verb Agreement They talk like it’s the end of the world.
  15. 15. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com Remember: Pluralization of Nouns plural form of most nouns is created simply by adding the letter s. Words that end in -ch, x, s or s-like sounds, however, will require an -es for the plural:
  16. 16. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com Pluralization of Nouns hobby – hobbies box - boxes bacterium – bacteria boy - boys witch - witches lady - ladies gum - gums room - rooms
  17. 17. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com Remember: Comma A misplaced comma changes the meaning of the sentence. Example: 1. Let’s eat grandma. 2. Let’s eat, grandma. The first sentence suggests to eat grandma while the second sentence suggests an invitation. Use the comma properly. DON’T BE A PSYCHO!
  18. 18. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com Its and It’s Its - is an adjective It is - is a contraction of it is (in some cases; it has) It’s a blue bird. Its wings are blue. It’s our neighbour’s dog.
  19. 19. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com Affect and Effect Affect is a verb Effect is a noun The typhoon has affected a lot of cities in the south. Its effect can be felt everywhere. The damages brought by the earthquake will affect the tourism of the town.
  20. 20. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com Active or Passive In the active voice, the subject is doing the action. The passive voice suggests that the subject is the receiver of the action. The CEO announced the reshuffling of positions in the company. The reshuffling of positions in the comapny has been announced by the CEO. Active Passive
  21. 21. Top 10 common mistakes in the IELTS writing www.jroozreview.com More useful resources can be found at: http://www.jroozreview.com http://www.ieltsexamstips.com http://www.slideshare.net/stephlowe91
  22. 22. This slide is based from the post at http://ielts.blog.com/2014/02/10/common-grammar-mistakes-in-the-ielts-writing-test/

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