IELTS Training on Verb Tenses


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a lesson on verb tenses for the IELTS test


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IELTS Training on Verb Tenses

  1. 1. IELTS TRAINING a lesson on verb tenses
  2. 2. verb tenses show when the action:
  3. 3. •happens •happened •will happen
  4. 4. 12 different verb tenses
  5. 5. Simple Present Pattern: subject + am/is/are subject + verb (s/es)
  6. 6. Simple Present show habitual actions Examples: • I always take a shower in the evening. • She works here every day. facts or generalizations Examples: • The moon revolves around the sun. • Rain falls from the sky.
  7. 7. Simple Past Pattern: subject + was/were subject + past form of the verb
  8. 8. • show completed action in the past • used to talk about dead people Examples: • My mother did the laundry last weekend. • Mozart wrote a lot of masterpieces. Simple Past
  9. 9. Simple Future Pattern: subject + will + base verb subject + am/is/are going to + base verb
  10. 10. • shows that an action will or going to happen in the future • The action has not happened yet. Examples: • I will go to New Orleans next month. • She will be arriving soon. Simple Future
  11. 11. Present Progressive Pattern: subject + am/is/are + verb~ing
  12. 12. • for actions that are happening at the time of speaking. Examples: • I am currently writing a new novel about my travels. • She is working at her desk at the moment. She seems very busy. Present Progressive
  13. 13. Past Progressive Pattern: subject + was/were + verb ~ing
  14. 14. • to show that an action in the past was happening was interrupted by a shorter action Examples: • Rico was cooking dinner when Honey arrived. • They were answering the test when the bell rang. Past Progressive
  15. 15. Future Progressive Pattern: subject + will be +verb~ing subject + am/is/are going to be + verb~ing
  16. 16. shows that an on-going action in the future will be interrupted by another future action. Examples: • The chef will be preparing the food tonight when I arrive. • I will be studying tonight for the exam, so don’t call me. Future Progressive
  17. 17. Present Perfect Pattern: subject + has/have + past participle
  18. 18. to show that an action has started in the past and has a result in the present time Examples: • I have washed the car. It is now clean and shiny. • My sisters have been to Canada for three times. They like it very much. Present Perfect
  19. 19. Past Perfect Pattern: subject + had + past participle of the verb
  20. 20. show that a past action happened before another action in the past Examples: • Joel had had a car before he sold it to our family. • I had studied Spanish before I went to Spain. Past Perfect
  21. 21. Future Perfect Pattern: subject + will have been + past participle subject + am going to have + past participle
  22. 22. focuses on an action that will happen before another action in the future Examples: • I will have finished cooking dinner for Macky before he arrives tonight. • By the time I complete this course, I will have taken five tests. Future Perfect
  23. 23. Present Perfect Progressive Pattern: subject + has/have been + verb~ing
  24. 24. show that an action has started in the past and is still happening until now Examples: • She has been painting the walls for two hours. She really looks tired now. • I have been teaching Koreans for 8 years. I like what I am doing. Present Perfect Progressive
  25. 25. Past Perfect Progressive Pattern: subject + had been + verb~ing
  26. 26. shows that an action had started in the past and continued until another action in the past. Examples: • They had been talking about me when I arrived. • Mr. Kim had been teaching in the academy before he left for the UK. Past Perfect Progressive
  27. 27. Future Perfect Progressive Pattern: subject + will have been + verb~ing subject + am/is/are going to have been + verb~ing
  28. 28. used to show that an action will be happening until another future action Examples: • They will be cleaning the house for six hours before the visitors arrive. • How long will you have been travelling before your trip ends? Future Perfect Progressive