Improvisation and Social        ChangeA Qualitative Methods Approach toResearch into the Creative MusicalProcess of Improv...
Table of Contents•  Defining the link between youth   development and improvisation•  important methods to consider  –  Se...
Key words•  Improvisation•  Positive youth development•  Assets  –  Creativity  –  Identity  –  Awareness  –  Connectivity...
The link between improvisation and        youth development•  Improvisation offers youth the opportunity   to engage in se...
Proposed Methods•  important methods to consider  –  Semi-Structured Interviews  –  Interpersonal Recall Processes  –  Par...
Semi – Structured Interviews•  Advantages  –  Provides in depth information  –  Allows for retrospective reflection  –  Id...
Interpersonal Process RecallDescription - Improvisation session with the musicians are video taped. - After the session is...
Interpersonal Process Recall•  Advantages  –  Allows for reflection directly after the session  –  Creates an atmosphere o...
Using Observational methods when    researching improvisation•  Participant observation seems to be the   first choice as ...
Observational Methods•  Advantages  –  Creates a baseline of data during analysis  –  May be used to validate analysis  – ...
Ethical Considerations•  Working with Minors – Issue of consent•  Creation of tension amongst participants -   questions s...
Concluding Thoughts•  Integration of all three methods may be   necessary to gain full picture of the   phenomenon•  Disse...
ReferencesBenson, P.L. (2002). Adolescent development in social and community context: a program of research. New     Dire...
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Improvistion and Social Change: A Qualitative Methods Approach to Research into the Creative Musical Process of Improvisation and Youth Development

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  • Your presentation reminds me of the ICASP project
    http://www.improvcommunity.ca/
    Perhaps you could include it as an example? Other things to consider: definitions of improvisation; definition of youth development (who says youth have to be developed :). Also, in your slide about semi-structured interviews what kind of questions would you ask? Could you include a few examples? Interesting topic and definitely one that can get alot more attention in qualitative research and evaluation!
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  • Simple and straight-forward presentation! I like slide 12, concluding thoughts; the last bullet particularly. As researchers, if we account for our biases and subjectively then our readers would know the lens through which to look at “the issue”. Good point!
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  • Wow, excellent selection of a unique and creative topic. I liked the detail of the techniques - especially the info on IRP. Interesting connections with music therapy. I would have liked to have seen more connections made to how improv effects social change, but I know that the limit of 10 slides was probably a factor.
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  • Steve, I really like the point you made about being aware of the tensions you can create among youth. It's a really good point to consider in research in general.
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  • Well structured, the description of each method followed by advantages and disadvantages made it very clear. Interpersonal process recall sounds like a great method. Do you think the 'atmosphere of collegiality' includes the researcher?
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  • It is important to note that these processes are interconnected. When studying these processes a systematic approach may be necessary to properly gage outcomes due to improvisation. An understanding of experiential learning, positive youth development will be immensely helpful when studying the link between improvisation and youth development.
  • Improvisation is a momentary process. This means the most valuable information is that reflection what was occurring during the improvisation session. Interpersonal recall process illuminates this information and therefore is essential to research in to improvisation and social change
  • For the second point I an referring to the emotions and transformations that occur during improvisation. These dynamics are momentary and hard to describe without an experience as reference. I believe through experience, when reflected upon through detailed observation, the researcher gains important insight into the complexity of improvisation.
  • Improvistion and Social Change: A Qualitative Methods Approach to Research into the Creative Musical Process of Improvisation and Youth Development

    1. 1. Improvisation and Social ChangeA Qualitative Methods Approach toResearch into the Creative MusicalProcess of Improvisation and Youth Development By: Stephen Zeni M.Sc. Candidate in Capacity Development and Extension March 15, 2013
    2. 2. Table of Contents•  Defining the link between youth development and improvisation•  important methods to consider –  Semi-Structured Interviews –  Interpersonal Recall Processes –  Observation•  Concluding Thoughts
    3. 3. Key words•  Improvisation•  Positive youth development•  Assets –  Creativity –  Identity –  Awareness –  Connectivity•  Interpersonal recall process•  Observational Method•  Semi-Structured interviews
    4. 4. The link between improvisation and youth development•  Improvisation offers youth the opportunity to engage in self expression and creativity•  Connectivity and situational awareness are essential when improvising in a group•  Improvisation provides youth with opportunity for connectivity and awareness building•  Improvisation provides a conduit for the development of identity in youth
    5. 5. Proposed Methods•  important methods to consider –  Semi-Structured Interviews –  Interpersonal Recall Processes –  Participant Observation
    6. 6. Semi – Structured Interviews•  Advantages –  Provides in depth information –  Allows for retrospective reflection –  Identifies and explores long-term outcomes•  Disadvantages –  The sample of participants could lead to bias –  Recall of effects of improvisation are dependent on the memory of the participant –  Consent procedure may result in marginalization of the youth and may negatively effect outcomes
    7. 7. Interpersonal Process RecallDescription - Improvisation session with the musicians are video taped. - After the session is completed the musicians reflect on the session while watching the video. - The comments are recorded by the researcher.Note: IRP technique adapted from psychology
    8. 8. Interpersonal Process Recall•  Advantages –  Allows for reflection directly after the session –  Creates an atmosphere of collegiality –  The improvisation becomes a form of trust building –  Adapts to the dynamics of the interactions between a persons self and others that occur during improvisation allowing for the study of identity and awareness building•  Disadvantages –  Does not identify long-term effects of improvisation –  Video recording necessary thus added expense and difficulty of obtaining consents
    9. 9. Using Observational methods when researching improvisation•  Participant observation seems to be the first choice as this method: –  Enables the researcher to gain an experience of the phenomenon –  Provide access to data that would be harder to collect from non-participatory methods –  Researcher gains valuable insights into the necessary awareness and communication skills needed to perform a solid improvisation session
    10. 10. Observational Methods•  Advantages –  Creates a baseline of data during analysis –  May be used to validate analysis –  Illuminates the researcher’s subjective experience and bias•  Disadvantages –  Data may be biased by the researcher –  People change when they are aware they are being observed –  Data collection inherently subjective
    11. 11. Ethical Considerations•  Working with Minors – Issue of consent•  Creation of tension amongst participants - questions should be worded so that it does not create rifts between individuals•  Understanding community entry must be completed in manner that does not upset the social fabric of the community being studied
    12. 12. Concluding Thoughts•  Integration of all three methods may be necessary to gain full picture of the phenomenon•  Dissemination of findings using group discussions may be necessary to validate findings•  Researcher should account for their particular bias and subjectivity especially during the observation process
    13. 13. ReferencesBenson, P.L. (2002). Adolescent development in social and community context: a program of research. New Directions for Youth Development, 95, 123-147Cains, R. (2010). Giving Back Time: Improvisation in Australian Hip-Hop Pedagogy and Performance. Critical Studies in Improvisation / Études critiques en improvisation. Vol. 6, No. 2.Denzin, N. K. (ed) The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research. SAGE publications inc: London, EnglandEdwards, O.W.; Mumford, V.; and Serra-Roldan, R. (2007). A positive youth development model for students considered at-risk. School Psychology International 28, 29-45France, A. (2004). Risk factor analysis and the youth question. Journal of Youth Studies, 11 (1) 1-15Jorgensen, E. (2007). Concerning justice and music education. Music Education Research, 9(2), 169–189.Karlsen, S. (2011). Using musical agency as a lens: Researching music education from the angle of experience. Research Studies in Music Education, 33(2) 107–121Karlsen, S. (2009). Access to the learnable: Music education and the development of strong learners within informal arenas. In E. Gould, J. Countryman, C. Morton & L. S. Rose (Eds.), Exploring social justice. How music education might matter (pp. 240–251). Waterloo, ON: Canadian Music Educators’ Association/ L’Association canadienne des musiciens éducateurs.Kolb, D.A. (1984). Experiential learning: experience as the source of learning and development. Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, NJ. USA.Ord, J. (2009). Experiential Learning in youth work in the U.K.: A Return to Dewey. International Journal of Lifelong Learning, 28 (4), 403-511Park, N. (2004). Character strengths and positive youth development. Annals AAPSSansom, M. (2007) Improvisation and Identity: A Qualitative Study. Critical Studies in Improvisation / Études critiques en improvisation. Vol. 3, No. 1.

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