It is important to note that these processes are interconnected. When studying these processes a systematic approach may be necessary to properly gage outcomes due to improvisation. An understanding of experiential learning, positive youth development will be immensely helpful when studying the link between improvisation and youth development.
Improvisation is a momentary process. This means the most valuable information is that reflection what was occurring during the improvisation session. Interpersonal recall process illuminates this information and therefore is essential to research in to improvisation and social change
For the second point I an referring to the emotions and transformations that occur during improvisation. These dynamics are momentary and hard to describe without an experience as reference. I believe through experience, when reflected upon through detailed observation, the researcher gains important insight into the complexity of improvisation.
Improvistion and Social Change: A Qualitative Methods Approach to Research into the Creative Musical Process of Improvisation and Youth Development
Improvisation and Social ChangeA Qualitative Methods Approach toResearch into the Creative MusicalProcess of Improvisation and Youth Development By: Stephen Zeni M.Sc. Candidate in Capacity Development and Extension March 15, 2013
Table of Contents• Defining the link between youth development and improvisation• important methods to consider – Semi-Structured Interviews – Interpersonal Recall Processes – Observation• Concluding Thoughts
The link between improvisation and youth development• Improvisation offers youth the opportunity to engage in self expression and creativity• Connectivity and situational awareness are essential when improvising in a group• Improvisation provides youth with opportunity for connectivity and awareness building• Improvisation provides a conduit for the development of identity in youth
Proposed Methods• important methods to consider – Semi-Structured Interviews – Interpersonal Recall Processes – Participant Observation
Semi – Structured Interviews• Advantages – Provides in depth information – Allows for retrospective reflection – Identifies and explores long-term outcomes• Disadvantages – The sample of participants could lead to bias – Recall of effects of improvisation are dependent on the memory of the participant – Consent procedure may result in marginalization of the youth and may negatively effect outcomes
Interpersonal Process RecallDescription - Improvisation session with the musicians are video taped. - After the session is completed the musicians reflect on the session while watching the video. - The comments are recorded by the researcher.Note: IRP technique adapted from psychology
Interpersonal Process Recall• Advantages – Allows for reflection directly after the session – Creates an atmosphere of collegiality – The improvisation becomes a form of trust building – Adapts to the dynamics of the interactions between a persons self and others that occur during improvisation allowing for the study of identity and awareness building• Disadvantages – Does not identify long-term effects of improvisation – Video recording necessary thus added expense and difficulty of obtaining consents
Using Observational methods when researching improvisation• Participant observation seems to be the first choice as this method: – Enables the researcher to gain an experience of the phenomenon – Provide access to data that would be harder to collect from non-participatory methods – Researcher gains valuable insights into the necessary awareness and communication skills needed to perform a solid improvisation session
Observational Methods• Advantages – Creates a baseline of data during analysis – May be used to validate analysis – Illuminates the researcher’s subjective experience and bias• Disadvantages – Data may be biased by the researcher – People change when they are aware they are being observed – Data collection inherently subjective
Ethical Considerations• Working with Minors – Issue of consent• Creation of tension amongst participants - questions should be worded so that it does not create rifts between individuals• Understanding community entry must be completed in manner that does not upset the social fabric of the community being studied
Concluding Thoughts• Integration of all three methods may be necessary to gain full picture of the phenomenon• Dissemination of findings using group discussions may be necessary to validate findings• Researcher should account for their particular bias and subjectivity especially during the observation process
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