The Bill of Rights and Beyond


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Presentation from our class discussion on the Bill of Rights.

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  • Civil Liberties – the freedoms we have to think and act w/o govt. interference or fear of unfair treatment.
  • Slander – spreading spoken lies Libel – printing those lies
  • The Bill of Rights and Beyond

    1. 1. The Bill of Rights & Beyond 7 th Grade Civics Bridge to AP Mr. Veliz
    2. 2. Why do we need a Bill of Rights? <ul><li>Doesn’t the Constitution cover everything? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What does it cover? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1791 – The first 10 amendments are added. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fulfills promises made during the Constitutional Convention </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Civil Liberties & The Bill of Rights </li></ul>Section 1
    3. 3. The First Amendment <ul><li>Includes five basic freedoms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of the Press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom to Petition the Government </li></ul></ul>Section 1
    4. 4. The First Amendment <ul><li>Freedom of Religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why did/do many people come to the United States? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does this work? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment Clause? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Right to practice your faith as you choose. </li></ul></ul></ul>Section 1
    5. 5. The First Amendment <ul><li>Freedom of Speech (and expression) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The freedom to say what’s on your mind without fear of punishment by the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is included in the freedom of speech? </li></ul></ul>Section 1
    6. 6. The First Amendment <ul><li>Freedom of the Press </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensures that we receive various viewpoints. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is this important? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Censorship? </li></ul></ul>Section 1
    7. 7. The First Amendment <ul><li>Freedom of Assembly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to attend meetings, rallies, protests, parades, celebrations, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implies freedom of association. What? </li></ul></ul>Section 1
    8. 8. The First Amendment <ul><li>Freedom of Petition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A formal request of something from the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some examples? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limits on 1 st Amendment freedoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does exercising your rights limit or negatively impact others? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slander and libel </li></ul></ul>Section 1
    9. 9. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Amendments 2 – 10, like the 1 st Amendment, were ratified on December 15, 1791. </li></ul><ul><li>Where do the ideas behind these amendments come from? </li></ul>Section 2
    10. 10. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Amendment II (2 nd ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms , shall not be infringed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why was this amendment included? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do we still need it today? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gun Control Laws – Good or Bad? </li></ul></ul>
    11. 14. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Amendment III (3 rd ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No soldier shall, in a time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why was this amendment included? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do we still need it today? </li></ul></ul>
    12. 15. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Amendment IV (4 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures , shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause , supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things seized. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can Deputy Peters search your locker? </li></ul></ul>
    13. 16. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Amendment V (5 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grand Jury and Indictment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Double Jeopardy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to remain silent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>. . . nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>. . . nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eminent Domain </li></ul></ul>
    14. 17. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Amendments V, VI, and VIII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deal with rights guaranteed to people involved in criminal cases. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amendment VI (6 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speedy and public trial by an impartial jury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trial should be held where the crime took place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to hear and question witnesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to an attorney – who pays for it? </li></ul></ul>
    15. 18. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Amendment VIII (8 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to bail . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No “cruel and unusual punishment” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amendment VII (7 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Law? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to jury trial when disagreement exceeds $20 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jury trial can be waived by both parties </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 19. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Amendment IX (9 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What does this mean? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amendment X (10 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 20. The Civil War Amendments <ul><li>Amendment XIII, XIV, and XV arrive with the end of the Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>Amendment XIII (13 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude. . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confronting the serpent under the table – what does this mean? </li></ul></ul>
    18. 21. The Civil War Amendments <ul><li>Amendment XIV (14 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationalizes the Bill of Rights – what? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>States are now bound by the Bill of Rights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Equal protection of the laws” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens are “all persons born or naturalized in the United States . . .” </li></ul></ul>
    19. 22. The Civil War Amendments <ul><li>Amendment XV (15 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffrage – the right to vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meant to give African Americans the right to vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applied only to men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it work? Why or why not? </li></ul></ul>
    20. 23. Voting Rights <ul><li>Amendment XVII (17 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct election of U.S. Senators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amendment XIX (19 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s Suffrage (1920) </li></ul></ul>
    21. 24. Voting Rights <ul><li>Amendment XXIII (23 rd ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington, DC gains the right to vote in presidential elections </li></ul></ul>
    22. 25. Voting Rights <ul><li>Amendment XXIV (24 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The end of poll taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are poll taxes and how were they used to limit voting rights for blacks and whites? </li></ul></ul>
    23. 26. Voting Rights <ul><li>Amendment XXVI (26 th ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voting Age – 18 (1971) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Old enough to fight, old enough to vote </li></ul></ul>
    24. 27. Realizing the Dream <ul><li>Though the Constitution and its amendments sought to guarantee rights for all Americans, some states passed laws to limit those freedoms for some citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination, segregation, and civil rights </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Crow – “separate but equal” </li></ul>
    25. 28. Separate but Equal
    26. 29. Separate but Equal
    27. 30. Separate but Equal
    28. 31. Separate but Equal
    29. 32. Upholding the Constitution <ul><li>Brown v. Board of Education (1954) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional </li></ul></ul>
    30. 34. Upholding the Constitution <ul><li>Montgomery Bus Boycott </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rosa Parks, MLK, and peaceful protests </li></ul></ul>
    31. 35. Realizing the Dream <ul><li>Civil Rights Act of 1964 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, gender, religion, or national origin. </li></ul></ul>
    32. 36. Affirmative Action <ul><li>What do they mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Reverse discrimination? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we still need it? </li></ul><ul><li>Who should be protected? </li></ul><ul><li>Gratz v. Bollinger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Michigan </li></ul></ul>