New England Colonies97

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New England Colonies97

  1. 1. The New England Colonies AP Bridge U.S. History Mr. Veliz
  2. 2. The Role of Religion in Settling the New England Colonies <ul><li>What role did religion play? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Puritans vs. Separatists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why wasn’t the move to Holland enough? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Separatists become Pilgrims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 35-41 of those on the Mayflower were Pilgrims </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Heading to N. Virginia, but land in Cape Cod Bay and settle the Plymouth Colony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mayflower Compact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early challenges and Indian help. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Puritans & the Massachusetts Bay Company <ul><li>The Great Migration </li></ul><ul><li>The Puritans – from persecuted to persecuting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of toleration leads to creation of new colonies. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Puritan Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Winthrop and the General Court (stockholders) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1634 – settlers’ demand increased role leads to elected assembly </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. New Colonies <ul><li>1636 – Thomas Hooker leads his congregation to settle Hartford </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 years later – Connecticut Colony founded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundamental Orders of Connecticut – why is this important? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roger Williams – banished 1635, charter 1644 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocated religious toleration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhode Island and Providence Plantations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Founded on religious freedom </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. New Colonies <ul><li>John Wheelwright – followed Williams’ example – 1638 leads a group north </li></ul><ul><li>1679 – New Hampshire becomes independent of Massachusetts </li></ul>
  6. 6. With growth comes new problems <ul><li>As settlers expand onto Native American lands, their trading partners become their enemies. </li></ul><ul><li>1636 – Fight between Massachusetts and the Pequot ends in the killing of hundreds of Pequot. </li></ul><ul><li>1675 – New England vs. Wampanoag </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King Philip’s War (Metacomet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Though 100s of New Englanders are killed, the war ends in Wampanoag defeat. </li></ul></ul>

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