Symbian:	  collabora.on,	  open,	  closed,	                    dead?	                   Stephen	  R.	  Walli	             ...
A	  Symbian	  Timeline	  •  1998	  Symbian	  Ltd.	  created	  •  2008	  Symbian	  has	  ~66%	  market	  share	  •  2008	  ...
What	  is	  a	  Founda.on?	  FoundaDons	  are	  non-­‐profits*	  that	  provide:	                      Legal	  Structure	  ...
Why	  does	  it	  ma<er?	  FoundaDons	  act	  as	  community	  centre-­‐of-­‐gravity	       Neutrality	  encourages	  cont...
Founda.on	  as	  Community	  Centre-­‐of-­‐Gravity	  
Crea.ng	  Strong	  Communi.es*	  •  Create	  an	  Architecture	  of	  ParDcipaDon	        –  Start	  the	  conversaDon	  w...
A	  Failure	  to	  Communicate*	  •  Not	  all	  developers	  are	  good	  communicators	  	  •  Marketers	  sDll	  want	 ...
Berkus’s	  Ten	  Steps	  to	  Destroy	  Your	  Community	                     Difficult	  Tools	                     Poisono...
Neutrality	  Encourages	  Contribu.on	                  (Inbound)	  
Neutrality	  and	  Ownership	  •  Henrik	  Ingo	  staDsDcs	  on	  foundaDons	  and	     project	  acDvity	  (hp://bit.ly/f...
Clean	  IP	  Encourages	  Adop.on	                 (Outbound)	  
Legal	  Structures	  are	  Important	  •    License	  (inbound/outbound)	  •    Assignments	  and	  ContribuDon	  Licenses...
Corporate	  Projects	            versus	  
Symbian	  Founda.on	  Execu.on	     Code	  flow	  and	  neutrality	     Efficiency	  and	  cost	  effecDveness	     Membership...
Symbian	  now	  …	  Not	  Open	  Source,	  just	  Open	  for	  Business	  We	  have	  received	  quesDons	  about	  the	  ...
Ques.ons?	                          Stephen	  R.	  Walli	          Technical	  Director,	  Outercurve	  FoundaDon	        ...
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Symbian: collaboration, open, closed, dead?

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Talk I gave at the Transfer Summit/UK conference: http://www.transfersummit.com/

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Symbian: collaboration, open, closed, dead?

  1. 1. Symbian:  collabora.on,  open,  closed,   dead?   Stephen  R.  Walli   September  2011  
  2. 2. A  Symbian  Timeline  •  1998  Symbian  Ltd.  created  •  2008  Symbian  has  ~66%  market  share  •  2008  Nokia  acquires  Symbian  Ltd.    •  2009  Symbian  FoundaDon  launches  •  2010  (early)  FoundaDon  “ships”  first   “open”  release  •  2010  (end)  Nokia  announces   FoundaDons  end  •  2011  FoundaDon  closes  
  3. 3. What  is  a  Founda.on?  FoundaDons  are  non-­‐profits*  that  provide:   Legal  Structure   Business  OperaDons   Technical  Services   *  But  they  are  sDll  businesses  
  4. 4. Why  does  it  ma<er?  FoundaDons  act  as  community  centre-­‐of-­‐gravity   Neutrality  encourages  contribuDon   Clean  IP  encourages  adopDon  
  5. 5. Founda.on  as  Community  Centre-­‐of-­‐Gravity  
  6. 6. Crea.ng  Strong  Communi.es*  •  Create  an  Architecture  of  ParDcipaDon   –  Start  the  conversaDon  with  code  and  great  technology   –  Have  frequent  releases  •  Need  to  make  it  easy  to  join  the  conversaDon     –  Give  people  things  to  do   –  Build  tutorials,  documentaDon,  books  •  Find  and  support  your  tribal  leader(s)  •  Commiers  need  to  be  strong  communicators  with  good  conflict   resoluDon  skills    •  Be  as  transparent  as  possible   –  No  internal  mailing  lists   –  Publish  the  bug  database   –  Push  everything  to  the  edge   *  A  Symbian  Training  Slide  
  7. 7. A  Failure  to  Communicate*  •  Not  all  developers  are  good  communicators    •  Marketers  sDll  want  to  be  in  control   –  Remember  you  win  by  giving  up  control   –  Novell  Hula  failure  (Keeping  the  “cool  features”  back  to  make  a  “big   splash”)      •  Too  easy  to  fall  back  into  the  old  way  of  doing  things  •  How  do  you  know  when  you  are  successful?   –  Metrics  are  hard  to  gather  •  If  you  publish  it  the  world  will  NOT  beat  a  path  to  your  door   (Mozilla)  •  Not  invented  here  and  a  second  class  community  (OpenSolaris)  •  Holding  back  technology  (Hula)  •  Holding  back  informaDon  is  a  breach  of  trust   *  A  Symbian  Training  Slide  
  8. 8. Berkus’s  Ten  Steps  to  Destroy  Your  Community   Difficult  Tools   Poisonous  People   No  DocumentaDon   Closed  Door  MeeDngs   Legalese,  Legalese,  Legalese   Bad  Liaison     Governance  ObfuscaDon   Screw  around  with  Licenses   No  Outside  Commiers   Be  Silent  
  9. 9. Neutrality  Encourages  Contribu.on   (Inbound)  
  10. 10. Neutrality  and  Ownership  •  Henrik  Ingo  staDsDcs  on  foundaDons  and   project  acDvity  (hp://bit.ly/f3O34M)  •  Successful  Projects  Grow  and  Evolve  unDl  …   –  Apache  Soiware  FoundaDon   –  OSDL/Linux  FoundaDon   –  Eclipse  FoundaDon  
  11. 11. Clean  IP  Encourages  Adop.on   (Outbound)  
  12. 12. Legal  Structures  are  Important  •  License  (inbound/outbound)  •  Assignments  and  ContribuDon  Licenses    •  Provenance  tracking  •  Liability  and  risk  management  •  Commier  indemnificaDon  
  13. 13. Corporate  Projects   versus  
  14. 14. Symbian  Founda.on  Execu.on   Code  flow  and  neutrality   Efficiency  and  cost  effecDveness   Membership  culture   Corporate  culture  
  15. 15. Symbian  now  …  Not  Open  Source,  just  Open  for  Business  We  have  received  quesDons  about  the  use  of  words  “open”,  “open  source”,  and  about  having  a  registraDon  process  before  allowing  access  to  the  code.  As  we  have  consistently  said,  Nokia  is  making  the  Symbian  plalorm  available  under  an  alternaDve,  open  and  direct  model,  to  enable  us  to  conDnue  working  with  the  remaining  Japanese  OEMs  and  the  relaDvely  small  community  of  plalorm  development  collaborators  we  are  already  working  with.  Through  these  pages  we  are  releasing  source  code  to  these  collaborators,  but  are  not  maintaining  Symbian  as  an  open  source  development  project.  Consistent  with  this,  the  Nokia  Symbian  License  is  an  alternaDve  license  which  provides  an  access  to  Nokia’s  addiDonal  Symbian  development  for  parDes  which  collaborate  with  Nokia  on  the  Symbian  plalorm.  Also  consistently  with  the  announcement,  we  are  monitoring  the  registraDons  and  approving  the  aforemenDoned  plalorm  collaborators  only.  There  is  a  backlog  of  registraDons  which  we  are  processing  conDnuously.  AddiDonally,  Nokia  is  commied  to  supporDng  applicaDon  developers  to  leverage  the  conDnuing  opportunity  from  Symbian  and  Qt,  they  can  get  that  support,  including  development  tools,  documentaDon  and  other  assistance  from  Forum  Nokia.   hp://bit.ly/ffcKZ9  
  16. 16. Ques.ons?   Stephen  R.  Walli   Technical  Director,  Outercurve  FoundaDon   hp://www.outercurve.org   swalli@outercurve.org  hp://stephesblog.blogs.com    (Once  More  unto  the  Breach)   hp://www.networkworld.com/community/walli   @stephenrwalli  

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