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In collaboration with…
Universities
Industry
Research Centres
<ul><li>zero carbon britain 2030 is the first fully integrated  solution to climate change.  </li></ul><ul><li>It offers  ...
<ul><li>Big, structural change rather than small  incremental reductions  </li></ul><ul><li>No False Starts or dead ends  ...
 
We need  a plan!!!
Narrative <ul><li>Stop  climate chaos,  don’t  fly,  don’t  drive, turn  off , climate  Apocalypse , climate  disaster </l...
Promised Land
THE YAWNING CHASM POLITICAL REALISM PHYSICAL REALISM FURIOUS ACTIVITY ZCB
A B Physically feasible decarbonised worlds You are here
 
Exploring  synergy
Scope:  Greenhouse Gasses
<ul><li>Our wellbeing depends on: </li></ul><ul><li>Climate  equity </li></ul><ul><li>Energy  progressive </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Global emissions  must cut by  72%  from 1990 levels by 2050 for an 84% chance of avoiding  two degrees  warming. ...
Equity  - taking a global lead
<ul><li>Britain, as a historical polluter, must make deeper, faster cuts to account for our ecological debt. </li></ul><ul...
Damage to the environment, security and livelihoods by  the Fossil  Fuel industry Energy  Progressive
Energy  Security
Economic  Security
<ul><li>Estimates indicate replacing North Sea  extraction with imports would add  £53 billion  to the UK annual trade  de...
<ul><li>56%  reduction in energy use by 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>Sector by Sector: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built environment <...
<ul><li>Domestic  approx 30%  total emissions 2030  - reduce energy use (heating & lighting) by 80% </li></ul><ul><li>Non-...
<ul><li>Natural materials  low embodied energy  & sequestration </li></ul><ul><li>Insulating -  large-scale retro-fit prog...
<ul><li>Change of  energy source  from fossil fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Electrification  of cars, trains  & LGV’s </li></ul>...
<ul><li>No  domestic aviation,  1/3  international on current levels </li></ul><ul><li>High speed electric train network <...
NOW 2030 Transport  - modes (km)
<ul><li>Power Down  - Sources of emissions related to land and  how to reduce </li></ul><ul><li>Power Up  - Use of land in...
<ul><li>Food  - more local production of staples </li></ul><ul><li>Sequestration  - forest sinks, timber for building </li...
<ul><li>80% reduction of livestock products, particularly red meat and dairy </li></ul><ul><li>This mix closely matches th...
Land  use emissions - now
Land  use emissions - zcb2030
<ul><li>Food security </li></ul><ul><li>Food quality </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity  </li></ul><ul><li>Rural life and live...
Energy Archaic
 
Current energy system
<ul><li>All our energy needs, at all times, can be met with  100% renewables   </li></ul><ul><li>We can meet the challenge...
<ul><li>Britain has 40% of Europe's renewable resource in offshore wind </li></ul><ul><li>What is the value of this resour...
Tomorrow £196,000 Powering  up  - potential Source: PIRC Offshore Evaluation
<ul><li>Revitalisation of industry, resulting in thousands of jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrading of ports </li></ul><ul><li>...
Offshore wind Delivered  Electricity  2030
Offshore wind Heat pumps Electricity , heat and transport  2030
 
<ul><li>More stable & predictable energy price:  not dependent on international markets & dwindling supply </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Demand-side management </li></ul><ul><li>New renewables capitalising mechanisms -  upfront vs ongoing cost & disco...
<ul><li>Smart grids </li></ul><ul><li>Limited use of biogas  - expensive backup </li></ul><ul><li>EU Super-grid </li></ul>...
<ul><li>High Voltage DC Grid </li></ul><ul><li>Linking up the offshore  wind-farms  </li></ul><ul><li>Also linking the win...
<ul><li>Not mutually inclusive with renewables </li></ul><ul><li>Effective for lower emissions reductions </li></ul><ul><l...
Heat
<ul><li>Internationally binding deal involving cap on emissions </li></ul><ul><li>High carbon price  - £200 - £400/tonne C...
<ul><li>Hundreds of thousands of  new jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Builders, engineers, manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>More pre...
Now 2030 Getting there…
<ul><li>Providing a positive vision for the future </li></ul><ul><li>Give shape to a renewable future </li></ul><ul><li>De...
 
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zerocarbonbritain2030 general

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zerocarbonbritain2030 is a positive, realistic vision for a society without fossil fuels, grounded in the latest climate science. Produced by the Centre for Alternative Technology (CAT), the report is the first fully integrated solution to climate change and energy security for Britain. It demonstrates that society and our quality of life could thrive, whilst keeping Britain’s net greenhouse gas emissions at zero.


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zerocarbonbritain2030 general

  1. 6. In collaboration with…
  2. 7. Universities
  3. 8. Industry
  4. 9. Research Centres
  5. 10. <ul><li>zero carbon britain 2030 is the first fully integrated solution to climate change. </li></ul><ul><li>It offers a positive , realistic vision grounded in the latest climate science. </li></ul><ul><li>It provides political, economic and technological solutions to the urgent challenges raised in tackling climate change </li></ul>What is zero carbon britain 2030
  6. 11. <ul><li>Big, structural change rather than small incremental reductions </li></ul><ul><li>No False Starts or dead ends </li></ul><ul><li>80% target might mean we cant get to 100% </li></ul><ul><li>No Offsets, all local solutions </li></ul><ul><li>No Silver bullet technologies. We rely on established methods </li></ul>What is zero carbon britain 2030
  7. 13. We need a plan!!!
  8. 14. Narrative <ul><li>Stop climate chaos, don’t fly, don’t drive, turn off , climate Apocalypse , climate disaster </li></ul>
  9. 15. Promised Land
  10. 16. THE YAWNING CHASM POLITICAL REALISM PHYSICAL REALISM FURIOUS ACTIVITY ZCB
  11. 17. A B Physically feasible decarbonised worlds You are here
  12. 19. Exploring synergy
  13. 20. Scope: Greenhouse Gasses
  14. 21. <ul><li>Our wellbeing depends on: </li></ul><ul><li>Climate equity </li></ul><ul><li>Energy progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Economic stability </li></ul><ul><li>International cooperation </li></ul>
  15. 22. <ul><li>Global emissions must cut by 72% from 1990 levels by 2050 for an 84% chance of avoiding two degrees warming. </li></ul><ul><li>( Meinshausen - 2009) </li></ul>Climate Equity
  16. 23. Equity - taking a global lead
  17. 24. <ul><li>Britain, as a historical polluter, must make deeper, faster cuts to account for our ecological debt. </li></ul><ul><li>This allows developing countries shallower decarbonisation path </li></ul>Climate Equity
  18. 25. Damage to the environment, security and livelihoods by the Fossil Fuel industry Energy Progressive
  19. 26. Energy Security
  20. 27. Economic Security
  21. 28. <ul><li>Estimates indicate replacing North Sea extraction with imports would add £53 billion to the UK annual trade deficit in 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>In addition the Exchequer raised nearly £13 billion from offshore oil & gas in 2008 </li></ul>Economic Security
  22. 29. <ul><li>56% reduction in energy use by 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>Sector by Sector: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land-use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behaviour </li></ul></ul>
  23. 30. <ul><li>Domestic approx 30% total emissions 2030 - reduce energy use (heating & lighting) by 80% </li></ul><ul><li>Non-domestic 25% of total emissions 2030 - 37% reduction in emissions </li></ul>UK Buildings are incredibly inefficient Built environment
  24. 31. <ul><li>Natural materials low embodied energy & sequestration </li></ul><ul><li>Insulating - large-scale retro-fit programme. </li></ul><ul><li>Heat pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal Comfort woolley jumpers </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Service Companies (ESCO’s) </li></ul>Built environment
  25. 32. <ul><li>Change of energy source from fossil fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Electrification of cars, trains & LGV’s </li></ul><ul><li>Modal shift - private car to public transport, walking and cycling </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in passenger km </li></ul>Electric cars get a makeover Transport - overview
  26. 33. <ul><li>No domestic aviation, 1/3 international on current levels </li></ul><ul><li>High speed electric train network </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous bioenergy & hydrogen to power HGV’s and planes </li></ul>Why don’t we have these in the UK? Transport
  27. 34. NOW 2030 Transport - modes (km)
  28. 35. <ul><li>Power Down - Sources of emissions related to land and how to reduce </li></ul><ul><li>Power Up - Use of land in a low carbon energy system </li></ul>Land use
  29. 36. <ul><li>Food - more local production of staples </li></ul><ul><li>Sequestration - forest sinks, timber for building </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel - for transport & backup </li></ul>Land use
  30. 37. <ul><li>80% reduction of livestock products, particularly red meat and dairy </li></ul><ul><li>This mix closely matches the recommendations for a healthy diet </li></ul>Diet
  31. 38. Land use emissions - now
  32. 39. Land use emissions - zcb2030
  33. 40. <ul><li>Food security </li></ul><ul><li>Food quality </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Rural life and livelihoods </li></ul>Benefits
  34. 41. Energy Archaic
  35. 43. Current energy system
  36. 44. <ul><li>All our energy needs, at all times, can be met with 100% renewables </li></ul><ul><li>We can meet the challenges of variability </li></ul><ul><li>We’ve only used proven technologies </li></ul>Powering up
  37. 45. <ul><li>Britain has 40% of Europe's renewable resource in offshore wind </li></ul><ul><li>What is the value of this resource? </li></ul><ul><li>It has the potential to inject billions of pounds into the UK economy </li></ul>Tomorrow £196,000 Powering up - offshore wind
  38. 46. Tomorrow £196,000 Powering up - potential Source: PIRC Offshore Evaluation
  39. 47. <ul><li>Revitalisation of industry, resulting in thousands of jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrading of ports </li></ul><ul><li>World leader in renewable technology </li></ul><ul><li>Exports of up to 17% earning £7bn annually </li></ul>Tomorrow £196,000 Powering up - offshore wind
  40. 48. Offshore wind Delivered Electricity 2030
  41. 49. Offshore wind Heat pumps Electricity , heat and transport 2030
  42. 51. <ul><li>More stable & predictable energy price: not dependent on international markets & dwindling supply </li></ul><ul><li>No feedstock - more secure supply </li></ul><ul><li>Green jobs - hundreds of thousands in manufacture and service </li></ul><ul><li>Improved air quality </li></ul>Powering up - advantages
  43. 52. <ul><li>Demand-side management </li></ul><ul><li>New renewables capitalising mechanisms - upfront vs ongoing cost & discount rates </li></ul><ul><li>Changes to TNUoS, DNUoS & BSUoS - make beneficial for renewables </li></ul><ul><li>Variable electricity pricing - smart meters </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural change - energy education </li></ul>Powering up - associated mechanisms
  44. 53. <ul><li>Smart grids </li></ul><ul><li>Limited use of biogas - expensive backup </li></ul><ul><li>EU Super-grid </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal-mass of building stock </li></ul>Variability managed by
  45. 54. <ul><li>High Voltage DC Grid </li></ul><ul><li>Linking up the offshore wind-farms </li></ul><ul><li>Also linking the winter wind to the summer sun </li></ul>EU Energy network
  46. 55. <ul><li>Not mutually inclusive with renewables </li></ul><ul><li>Effective for lower emissions reductions </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise losses (7%) </li></ul><ul><li>Can be expensive - system & storage </li></ul><ul><li>Need access to suitable renewables - warning: biofuels </li></ul>Micro-grids
  47. 56. Heat
  48. 57. <ul><li>Internationally binding deal involving cap on emissions </li></ul><ul><li>High carbon price - £200 - £400/tonne CO2(e) </li></ul><ul><li>A mix of national policy options that allow equitable access to energy for all </li></ul><ul><li>Deliberate reconstruction of the UK economy to one that is stable, resilient and exists within the world’s ecological limits. </li></ul>Frame work - policy
  49. 58. <ul><li>Hundreds of thousands of new jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Builders, engineers, manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>More predictable energy price </li></ul><ul><li>Setting a global lead …. </li></ul>Frame work - a Green New Deal
  50. 59. Now 2030 Getting there…
  51. 60. <ul><li>Providing a positive vision for the future </li></ul><ul><li>Give shape to a renewable future </li></ul><ul><li>Develop the synergies between sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Plan for big infrastructural changes </li></ul>Report to reality

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