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Arno Rosemarin: Flexible fees workshops workshop sept 15 2011

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Can a flexible fee mechanism be applied to stave off shortages of phosphorous and secure food production in the next two decades? Input from Dr Rosemarin, with extensive experience in this area.

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Arno Rosemarin: Flexible fees workshops workshop sept 15 2011

  1. 1. Workshop on Flexible Emission Fees:The Case for Phosphorus Arno Rosemarin Senior Research Fellow Stockholm Environment Institute Sept 15, 2011
  2. 2. (Cordell, 2009)
  3. 3. Geopolitical Imbalance Morocco monopoly Based on data from USGS 2011
  4. 4. Prognosis for Depletion of Cheap Phosphorus Rosemarin et al 2011 International Fertilizer Society
  5. 5. Supply Chain Losses: From Mine to Fork Opportunites for Flex FeesMining - fertilizer – agriculture – food industry – distribution – consumer – waste systems
  6. 6. Applying Flex Fees toAgricultural SystemsImportant factors•Soil P levels•Livestock practices•Manure storage and use•Tillage practices•Cover crop protection•Green manure use•Buffer zones•Drainage•Fertilizer use map of P run off; livestock density largest variable
  7. 7. Fee Instruments to ReducePhosphorus Surpluses per Unit Area Increase yields by pest control and soil improvement Soil sampling to determine P requirements Manure storage capacity Sophisticated P application equipment Erosion control – crop cover, low/no tillage Low P feed and phytase additive Manure export Composted manure for fertiliser Livestock density licenses Wageningen Univ/SEI 2010
  8. 8. Fees to Promote Recycling ofPhosphorus Tax relief on source separation systems and waste-based inputs Agroproduct surcharge to be used for recycling Use of Al or Mg instead of Fe to precipitate P in wastewater Renewable P fertilizer (from recovered P) Struvite and urine production Reuse of slaughter waste in agriculture
  9. 9. Other tax instruments Tax on unessential uses of P-rock if there are substitutes Tax on P-intensive crop-based consumption bioenergy Tax on P-intensive meat and dairy consumption
  10. 10. Stockholm Environment Institute www.sei-international.org www.ecosanres.org

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