Homework breakingthemodelv5

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  • Hello, I’m Terri Fredericka, Executive Director of INFOhio, and I’m pleased to be here today to talk to you about changes in education that are affecting the teens—really all the students—who come in your library.
  • But before any of that, let me give you a little background on INFOhio.INFOhio started 21 years ago as a grass roots effort among media specialists in Northeast Ohio to automate libraries.
  • Today we automate 80 percent of the school libraries in Ohio.
  • For many years we focused on access alone. But during the past few years, we have rethought our strategy because of mounting pressures on students and teachers.First—you’ve heard this story before but it’s very real—district budgets are dropping. I don’t know about the situation in your state, but in Ohio we are losing media specialists—sometimes even closing school libraries. That staffing reduction puts more pressure on teachers and the librarians who are left.And when we lose libraries in schools, the first place teachers and students turn is the public library.
  • Student Needs and the demands of the community are up. And it’s even more than that—new legislation—at least in Ohio and I’m sure you’re facing similar situations--is in this mix too.
  • Source: Anne E. Casey Foundation Is designed to give intensive supports to students who are struggling – those who struggle after extensive help would be held back only in reading. School districts and community schools will diagnose reading deficiencies in students at grades kindergarten through three, create individualized Reading Improvement and Monitoring Plans and provide intensive reading interventions.
  • Start ready has become even more important with the 3rd grade reading guarantee being legislated for the start of the 2013-14 school year. Schools will begin testing students and remediating with them this year. College and Career readiness has a new significance with the College and Career Ready Anchor standards for the Common Core.How much work do we need to do make sure our students are ready for college and careers when they graduate?
  • Results from: PRIMARY SOURCES: 2012AMERICA’S TEACHERS ON THE TEACHING PROFESSION A Project of Scholastic and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Average percent of students in theircurrent classes who they believe could leave HS prepared to succeed in a 2- or 4-year college.So that means that high school teachers think 40 percent of their students are not ready.
  • How are we going to do that?The Common Core standards. If they are not the answer, they are certainly a good start.
  • CHANGES IN INSTRUCTION DEMANDED BY NEW COLLEGE-AND CAREER-READY STANDARDSShifts in Classroom Practice Teachers engage students in critical thinking Instruction shifts from rules to reasoning Rules -- teaching algorithms to solve for XReasoning -- helping students to explain why one algorithm works and another does not. Reason quantitatively and critique the reasoning of others.Think across grade levels, building on students’ foundations of conceptual understanding of core content by making links to earlier learning –ScaffoldingUse evidence from text to justify, support, and communicate about reasoning. 
  • The Common Core is a nationwide initiative. Governors and State Superintendents concerned that U.S. students are falling behind their peers internationally spearheaded the effort to shift way children are taught. The Common Core is a grassroots efforts from the states, not a federal mandate in the way that No Child Left Behind was. States voluntarily adopt the Common Core Standards, and this map shows you the states that have so far.
  • Process writing – drafts required; on-demand writing – in classroom settingThe trend is away from writing merely as self expression and to a means for analysis. In addition, content is deep rather than wide. That is, fewer topics will be taught in more depth than in the past.
  • Along with these 3 ideas, you’ll start to hear these terms over and over. Literacy Across the Curriculum—This means literacy is everyone’s job as mentioned on the previous slide. In fact, math and science teachers are already beginning to demand that students write more.ResearchCollege & Career ReadinessMathematical Practice Text Complexity and Informational Text—Close reading of nonfiction. This one is starred because of all the implications of the Common Core, I think it affects public libraries most of all.
  • Informational text makes up vast majority of the required reading in college/workplace (80%)New assessments will be ELA/Literacy tests not just English tests
  • You may already be doing some of these things. And if so, keep it coming!
  • Consider adding more high interestnonfiction to your collection.And by nonfiction, the Common Core does not mean the kind students would use to retrieve information for a report. The emphasis is reading nonfiction for general knowledge or pleasure. Nonfiction such as:EssaysSpeechesopinion piecesessays about art or literatureBiographiesMemoirsJournalismand historical, scientific, technical or economic accounts including digital sources The nonfiction needs to be at a variety of reading levels and when possible needs to include graphs, charts, and maps to assist in understanding. In elementary school, students will be expected to read a balance of 50% nonfiction to 50% fiction. By high school, those children will be reading 70% nonfiction to 30% fiction. Anything you can do to promote nonfiction will help the students.
  • When you’re doing reader’s advisory, consider suggesting nonfiction. Or include nonfiction during story time. Or create displays of nonfiction.Anything you can do to promote nonfiction will help the students.
  • Text complexity we mentioned earlier is a key component of CCSS. And while we all enjoy light reading for pleasure, try to encourage your regulars to take the next step in their reading. If they like the Drama High Series, suggest Sharon Draper or Walter Dean Myers.If they like Gary Paulsen’s Hatchet series, suggest Jack London. Or suggest nonfiction titles such as Into Thin Air or Between a Rock and a Hard Place.
  • In Ohio, we’re seeing a trend of Public Libraries hosting Homework Help Centers after school. The Columbus Metropolitan Library, for example, has computers in every branch dedicated to kids working on homework. Staff is on hand to help. During the morning and afternoon, those computers are a Job Help Center. But even if you can’t staff a Homework Help Center , just the fact that you have computers that students can use in the afternoons, evening, and weekends is a boon to them. Schools are assigning online homework. In fact, some districts require a student take at least one online course as a requirement for graduation.
  • This is back to the idea of putting information in context.It’s a step beyond just creating a web page with reference sources.
  • It could be as simple as adding search widgets to make the databases easier to search.And if you are not already doing so, you could consider working with K-12 locally or even statewide to license databases.
  • Or you could do something similar to the Cleveland Public Library’s Homework Help Page.They’ve created an extensive guide for a dozen school subjects, from algebra and biology to U.S. History and world religions. Each one suggests books, databases and websites. When you do this, consider making sure it works for mobile devices. A lot of students have a smart phone even if they don’t have a computer at home.
  • When you do this, consider making sure it works for mobile devices. Many students have a smart phone even if they don’t have a computer at home.And, again, I will say that public libraries are critical to digital access for students. You already know that, but I want you to know that your counterparts in the schools know it too.
  • The INFOhio toolkit has a section with Common Core tools. I particularly want to point out our Symbaloo page that is linked through the Common Core area of the Toolkit.
  • Our Symbaloo page links to many national resources and articles on the Common Core.In particular, take a look at the Battelle for Kids page.
  • Battelle for Kids is one of our partners in helping teachers work through the demands of the Common Core.
  • We hosted a 2-day online Common Core boot camp in August. All the sessions are recorded and available for anyone to view.
  • The Imatrix helps teachers link inquiry standards to the Common Core and then provides resources to help.This may be a little more than you want, but if you really want to dig in, this is a good place to start.The layers are the grade levels—Pre-K through 12 (green). The cube is four rows deep with each row representing a major content area (yellow). If you slice the cube from left to right you will see the six Dimensions of Inquiry—each representing a group of skills and steps in the inquiry process (blue).
  • And as another example, I want to show you a research help site INFOhio put together. GO INFOhio breaks the research process down into three major steps: Ask—Act—Achieve. Each phase asks key questions that link students to INFOhio resources, forms, and reliable websites.
  • Learning & Media [38, no. 3 (2010)]
  • They think just 40% are ready. Which means that 60% are struggling.Notice that this is identical to the percentage of students high-school teachers estimate to be ready for college and careers that we looked at earlier.I think we’ve identified a trend.
  • Ask helps students get started with their research.
  • Act helps students find and organize information, either alone or in a group.
  • Achieve helps students create and present the results of their research.
  • When students click on a question, a page with resources tied to just that question opens. This page is under Act > How do I decide what information will answer my question?
  • Along the same lines is the new online, blended-learning course we’ve developed, Research 4 Success.Blended learning means that students have some control over when, where, and how fast they work through content. College and career readiness includes research skills - the course is provided for teachers to work with students; however, is open for students to use on their own too...so they can come back to the content and tools in the future. This is another packaging of content to make it accessible for students, teachers and librarians. 
  • When students click on a question, a page with resources tied to just that question opens. This page is under Act > How do I decide what information will answer my question?
  • Something we’ve tried that has been building steam over the last two years is the Knowledge Building Community or KBC. It’s designed to foster a sense of global community through a variety of technology and learning methodsIt’s like LinkedIn for educators. Lets them keep in touch with professionals around the state to discuss issues important in their schools.Here you see just a small section of the discussion groups. In addition to research, digital citizenship, school to college and career transition, you’ll also find groups on differentiated instruction, using apps in the classroom, and Common Core concepts.I invite all of you to join our KBC. It’s free and open to everyone. We could use your expertise. If your state doesn’t already have something like that, then maybe you could start one.And educators are using social media such as Twitter.
  • We tweet and post many articles daily about education and library trends. And if you’d like to take a look at some of our other projects, go to our web page.
  • Homework breakingthemodelv5

    1. 1. Homework: The New Normal
    2. 2. Connections Common Core Digital Access With Teens and Teacherswww.infohio.org
    3. 3. YEARSwww.infohio.org
    4. 4. Traditional Services Thank You! Library Research Automation Databases Communicationwww.infohio.org
    5. 5. 80 Percent of Districts Automatedwww.infohio.org
    6. 6. 1.8 Million Studentswww.infohio.org
    7. 7. District Budgetswww.infohio.org
    8. 8. Student Needswww.infohio.org
    9. 9. We do the digging forthem…www.infohio.org
    10. 10. Schools’ Critical Needs Third Grade Guarantee College and Career Readiness Common Corewww.infohio.org
    11. 11. Third Grade Reading Guarantee Not reading by grade 3 Four times as likely to drop out of school Slide courtesy of the Ohio Department of Educationwww.infohio.org
    12. 12. Start Ready, Leave Ready College and Career Readiness Slide courtesy of the Ohio Department of Educationwww.infohio.org
    13. 13. Are Students Prepared? Average percentage 100 of students in their current classes 90 teachers believe 80 could leave HS 70 65% 62% prepared to succeed 60 60% in a 2- or 4-year college 50 40 30 PK – 5 6–8 9 – 12 20 10 0 Strongly agree Slide courtesy of the Ohio Department of Educationwww.infohio.org
    14. 14. HOW?www.infohio.org
    15. 15. Shifts in Classroom Practice Critical thinking Shift from rules to reasoningThink across grade levels Use text evidence Slide courtesy of the Ohio Department of Education www.infohio.org
    16. 16. Common Core Adoption Mapwww.infohio.org
    17. 17. Common Core’s 3 Big Ideas 1. Literacy is everyone’s job. 2. Students must read complex texts independently and proficiently in every discipline. 3. Students must write argumentative and explanatory texts in every discipline (process writing and on- demand writing). Barnhart, Marcia, INFOhio Common Core ELA and Literacy Standards webinar, 2-12-12. www.infohio.org
    18. 18. Terms You’ll Hear Literacy Across the Curriculum Research Mathematical Practice College & Career Readiness Text Complexitywww.infohio.org
    19. 19. Shift to Nonfiction TextsInformational textmakes up the vastmajority of therequired reading incollege/workplace www.infohio.org
    20. 20. How CanPublic Libraries Help?www.infohio.org
    21. 21. Add More Nonfiction www.infohio.org
    22. 22. Suggest Nonfiction During RA www.infohio.org
    23. 23. Help Students Step Up www.infohio.org
    24. 24. Homework Help Centers www.infohio.org
    25. 25. Package Your Resources www.infohio.org
    26. 26. Widgetswww.infohio.org
    27. 27. Pathfinders/Guideswww.infohio.org
    28. 28. Digital Accesswww.infohio.org
    29. 29. For more informationINFOhio Toolkit http://www.infohio.org/toolkitwww.infohio.org
    30. 30. For More Information:Symbaloowww.infohio.org
    31. 31. For More Info-Battelle for Kidswww.battelleforkids.orgwww.infohio.org
    32. 32. For More Info Common Core No Sweat Bootcamp http://www.infohio.org/educator/bootcamp.htmlwww.infohio.org
    33. 33. IMatrix-imatrix.infohio.orgwww.infohio.org
    34. 34. GO! ASK, ACT, ACHIEVE—go.infohio.orgwww.infohio.org
    35. 35. Question: What percentage of students did 88 percent of college and university librarians report are prepared to do college-level research? -According to a national study in a 2010 issue of Learning & Mediawww.infohio.org
    36. 36. Percentwww.infohio.org
    37. 37. Asking the Right Questions Ask helps students get started with their research.www.infohio.org
    38. 38. Taking Appropriate Action Act helps students find and organize information, either alone or in a group.www.infohio.org
    39. 39. Achieving Results Achieve helps students create and present the results of their research.www.infohio.org
    40. 40. Spotlighted Resourceswww.infohio.org
    41. 41. Research for Successwww.infohio.org
    42. 42. How Do ICommunicate with Teachers?www.infohio.org
    43. 43. Knowledge Building Communitylearningcommons.infohio.org Click Community www.infohio.org
    44. 44. @INFOhio INFOhio www.infohio.orgwww.infohio.org

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