Hello, I’m Terri Fredericka, Executive Director of INFOhio, and I’m pleased to be here today to talk to you about changes in education that are affecting the teens—really all the students—who come in your library.
But before any of that, let me give you a little background on INFOhio.INFOhio started 21 years ago as a grass roots effort among media specialists in Northeast Ohio to automate libraries.
Today we automate 80 percent of the school libraries in Ohio.
For many years we focused on access alone. But during the past few years, we have rethought our strategy because of mounting pressures on students and teachers.First—you’ve heard this story before but it’s very real—district budgets are dropping. I don’t know about the situation in your state, but in Ohio we are losing media specialists—sometimes even closing school libraries. That staffing reduction puts more pressure on teachers and the librarians who are left.
Student Needs and the demands of the community are up. And it’s even more than that—new legislation—at least in Ohio and I’m sure you’re facing similar situations--is in this mix too.
Source: Anne E. Casey Foundation Is designed to give intensive supports to students who are struggling – those who struggle after extensive help would be held back only in reading. School districts and community schools will diagnose reading deficiencies in students at grades kindergarten through three, create individualized Reading Improvement and Monitoring Plans and provide intensive reading interventions.
Start ready has become even more important with the 3rd grade reading guarantee being legislated for the start of the 2013-14 school year. Schools will begin testing students and remediating with them this year. College and Career readiness has a new significance with the College and Career Ready Anchor standards for the Common Core.How much work do we need to do make sure our students are ready for college and careers when they graduate?
Results from: PRIMARY SOURCES: 2012AMERICA’S TEACHERS ON THE TEACHING PROFESSION A Project of Scholastic and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Average percent of students in theircurrent classes who they believe could leave HS prepared to succeed in a 2- or 4-year college.So that means that high school teachers think 40 percent of their students are not ready.
How are we going to do that?The Common Core standards. If they are not the answer, they are certainly a good start.
The answer is the Common Core State Standards.The Common Core is a nationwide initiative. Governors and State Superintendents concerned that U.S. students are falling behind their peers internationally spearheaded the effort to shift way children are taught. The Common Core is a grassroots efforts from the states, not a federal mandate in the way that No Child Left Behind was. States voluntarily adopt the Common Core Standards, and this map shows you the states that have so far. If your state has adopted the Common Core, then the demands on your students is going to shift dramatically in the next 2-3 years.
CHANGES IN INSTRUCTION DEMANDED BY NEW COLLEGE-AND CAREER-READY STANDARDSShifts in Classroom Practice Teachers engage students in critical thinking Instruction shifts from rules to reasoning Rules -- teaching algorithms to solve for XReasoning -- helping students to explain why one algorithm works and another does not. Reason quantitatively and critique the reasoning of others.Think across grade levels, building on students’ foundations of conceptual understanding of core content by making links to earlier learning –ScaffoldingUse evidence from text to justify, support, and communicate about reasoning.
Process writing – drafts required; on-demand writing – in classroom setting
Along with these 3 ideas, you’ll start to hear these terms over and over. Literacy Across the Curriculum—This means literacy is everyone’s job as mentioned on the previous slide. In fact, math and science teachers are already beginning to demand that students write more.ResearchCollege & Career ReadinessMathematical Principals. Text Complexity and Informational Text—Close reading of nonfiction. This one is starred because of all the implications of the Common Core, I think it affects public libraries most of all.
Informational text makes up vast majority of the required reading in college/workplace (80%)CCSS moves percentages to 50:50 at elementary level and 70:30 at secondary level (modeled on NAEP)New assessments will be ELA/Literacy tests not just English tests
You may already be doing some of these things. And if so, keep it coming!
Consider adding more high interestnonfiction to your collection.
When you’re doing reader’s advisory, consider suggesting nonfiction. Or include nonfiction during story time.
Text complexity we mentioned earlier is a key component of CCSS. And while we all enjoy light reading for pleasure, try to encourage your regulars to take the next step in their reading. If they like the Drama High Series, suggest Sharon Draper or Walter Dean Myers.If they like Gary Paulsen’s Hatchet series, suggest Jack London. Or suggest nonfiction titles such as Into Thin Air or Between a Rock and a Hard Place.
In Ohio, we’re seeing a trend of Public Libraries hosting Homework Help Centers after school. The Columbus Metropolitan Library, for example, has computers in every branch dedicated to kids working on homework. Staff is on hand to help. During the morning and afternoon, those computers are a Job Help Center. But even if you can’t staff a Homework Help Center , just the fact that you have computers that students can use in the afternoons, evening, and weekends is a boon to them. Schools are assigning online homework. In fact, some districts require a student take at least one online course as a requirement for graduation.
This is back to the idea of putting information in context.It’s a step beyond just creating a web page with reference sources.
It could be as simple as adding search widgets to make the databases easier to search.
Or you could do something similar to the Cleveland Public Library’s Homework Help Page.They’ve created an extensive guide for a dozen school subjects, from algebra and biology to U.S. History and world religions. Each one suggests books, databases and websites. When you do this, consider making sure it works for mobile devices. A lot of students have a smart phone even if they don’t have a computer at home.
When you do this, consider making sure it works for mobile devices. Many students have a smart phone even if they don’t have a computer at home.And, again, I will say that public libraries are critical to digital access for students. You already know that, but I want you to know that your counterparts in the schools know it too.
The INFOhio toolkit has a section with Common Core tools. I particularly want to point out our Symbaloo page that is linked through the Common Core area of the Toolkit.
Our Symbaloo page links to many national resources and articles on the Common Core.In particular, take a look at the Battelle for Kids page.
The Symbaloo page along with many other presentations and resources are available from
We hosted a 2-day online Common Core boot camp in August. All the sessions are recorded and available for anyone to view.
And if you really want to dig in, this is a good place to start.The Imatrix helps teachers link inquiry standards to the Common Core and then provides resources to help.The layers are the grade levels—Pre-K through 12 (green). The cube is four rows deep with each row representing a major content area (yellow). If you slice the cube from left to right you will see the six Dimensions of Inquiry—each representing a group of skills and steps in the inquiry process (blue).
And as another example, I want to show you a research help site INFOhio put together. GO INFOhio breaks the research process down into three major steps: Ask—Act—Achieve. Each phase asks key questions that link students to INFOhio resources, forms, and reliable websites.
This is a question put to the English staff who teach freshman writing at Cleveland State University.
This is typical of the response.And if you add to that a recent survey of college and university librarians revealed that 88% of the responders felt that fewer than 40% of their students were prepared to do college level research. (Very similar to the percentage of students teachers estimate to be ready for college and careers that we looked at earlier.) --Finding of a study published in a 2010 issue of Learning & Media [38, no. 3 (2010)]TRAILS assessment from 2010-11Given to about 55,000 3rd, 6th, 9th, and 12th graders. And only about 50 % of them scored proficient in things like Develop topicIdentify sourcesDevelop search strategyEvaluate sourcesUse responsibly
Ask helps students get started with their research.
Act helps students find and organize information, either alone or in a group.
Achieve helps students create and present the results of their research.
When students click on a question, a page with resources tied to just that question opens. This page is under Act > How do I decide what information will answer my question?
Finally, what are some new ways to communicate with teachers. Traditionally, you’ve contacted the school librarians, but now that there are fewer, who do you turn to? We’ve been turning to technology for help, and I hope this will spark some ideas for you.
Something we’ve tried that has been building steam over the last two years is the Knowledge Building Community or KBC. It’s designed to foster a sense of global community through a variety of technology and learning methodsIt’s like LinkedIn for educators. Lets them keep in touch with professionals around the state to discuss issues important in their schools.Here you see just a small section of the discussion groups. In addition to research, digital citizenship, school to college and career transition, you’ll also find groups on differentiated instruction, using apps in the classroom, and Common Core concepts.If your state doesn’t already have something like that, then maybe you could start one.And educators are using social media such as Twitter.
We tweet and post many articles daily about education and library trends. And if you’d like to take a look at some of our other projects, go to our web page.
Internet@Schools Terri Fredericka, INFOhio Stephen Abram, Gale, Cengage Learning Internet Librarian, Oct. 23, 2012www.infohio.org
Schools’ Critical Needs Third Grade Guarantee College and Career Readiness Common Corewww.infohio.org
Third Grade Reading Guarantee Not reading by grade 3 Four times as likely to drop out of school Slide courtesy of the Ohio Department of Educationwww.infohio.org
Start Ready, Leave Ready College and Career Readiness Slide courtesy of the Ohio Department of Educationwww.infohio.org
Are Students Prepared? Average percentage 100 of students in their current classes 90 teachers believe 80 could leave HS 70 65% 62% prepared to succeed 60 60% in a 2- or 4-year college 50 40 30 PK – 5 6–8 9 – 12 20 10 0 Strongly agree Slide courtesy of the Ohio Department of Educationwww.infohio.org
Common Core Adoption Map Adopted Not Adoptedwww.infohio.org
Common Core’s 3 Big Ideas 1. Literacy is everyone’s job. 2. Students must read complex texts independently and proficiently in every discipline. 3. Students must write argumentative and explanatory texts in every discipline (process writing and on- demand writing). Barnhart, Marcia, INFOhio Common Core ELA and Literacy Standards webinar, 2-12-12. www.infohio.org
Terms You’ll Hear Literacy Across the Curriculum Research Mathematical Principles College & Career Readiness Text Complexitywww.infohio.org
Shift to Nonfiction TextsInformational textmakes up the vastmajority of therequired reading incollege/workplace www.infohio.org