Segregation By Stephen Albovias P.3 English:Mrs. Nicastro
Segregation against African Americans have been a problem ever since slavery was abolished . Segregation was not only targeted at African Americans, but also at any race that was different, such as Asians, Mexicans, and Jews. Racial Segregation
The Plessy vs. Ferguson rulings are famous for the phrase ”separate but equal.” The phrase meaning a separate public facility for whites and coloreds was fair as shown in the picture above.
The Jim Crow Laws further embellished the Plessy vs. Ferguson rulings. These laws held the same standards, but for public facilities and accommodations.
A large African-American population moved out of the south to states that did not sponsor laws like Jim Crow’s. African Americans who felt oppressed saw freedom in the north, midwest, and the western states.
Jackie Robinson one of the most famous colored baseball players became a symbol for the end of segregation. His talent in sports created a controversy that made fans begin to think segregation was unjust.
Rosa Parks famous for her refusal to give up her seat to a white man led to a boycott of the Montgomery Bus company. Her stand was a major turning point in the Civil Rights movement.
In the year preceding Rosa Parks’ controversial stand, Brown vs. the Board of Education overturned the Plessy vs. Ferguson. The NAACP backed Brown case won declaring segregation in public schools unconstitutional. *NAACP-National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Integration encouraged by President Eisenhower was opposed by some state governments. National guards were called in to oppose the state troopers preventing the entrance of the nine African American students who were to begin the integration process in Little Rock, Arkansas.
In 1957 Martin Luther King Jr. and others created the Southern Christian Fellowship Leadership Conference as part of the Civil Rights movement. The goal of the fellowship was to totally abolish racism and segregation.
At Martin Luther King’s March on Washington, where he presented his famous “I Have A Dream,” speech which in essence eventually came true, thousands heard the call to abolish segregation, racism, and to promote equality. Today MLK’s dream has come true and segregation has been abolished in America.
Citation added: SCRAPE TV NEWS . 29 Mar. 1999. LUARE-HARTWELL-BURLAP-TRITAN-OCHIMANE. 1 June 2009 < http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://scrapetv.com/News/News%2520Pages/Politics/images-2/segregation-drinking-fountain.JPG&imgrefurl=http://scrapetv.com/News/News%2520Pages/Politics/pages-2/Obama-crowns-Coke-as-the-choice-of-a-new-generation-Scrape-TV-The-World-on-your-side.html&usg=__1L_e2Cn2ipvkwCWb43aSrkHvVSE=&h=480&w=640&sz=77&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=JJB5aKyI96cH1M:&tbnh=103&tbnw=137&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dsegregation%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dsafari%26rls%3Den-us%26sa%3DN%26um%3D1 >. "Brown vs. Board of Education." Kaw Valley News . 16 Dec. 2007. 1 June 2009 < http://www.kawvalley.k12.ks.us/brown_v_board/segregation.htm >. Edit Delete "Brown vs. Board of Education." Kaw Valley News . 16 Dec. 2007. 1 June 2009 < http://www.kawvalley.k12.ks.us/brown_v_board/segregation.htm >. "Martin Luther King Day." Infoplease . Jan. 2007. Pearson. 1 June 2009 <Shipman, Claire. "The Civil Rights Movement." CNN. 1996. Cable News Network. .>. "MLK Day." Enchanted Learning . 1 May 2001. 1 June 2009 < http://www.enchantedlearning.com/history/us/MLK/ >. "Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)." Landmark Cases . 5 Nov. 1995. 1 June 2009 < http://www.landmarkcases.org/plessy/home.html >. "Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896)." FindLaw . 1 June 2009 < http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=163&invol=537 >. Sarat, Austin. Google Books . Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Shipman, Claire. "The Civil Rights Movement." CNN . 1996. Cable News Network. < http://www.cnn.com/EVENTS/1997/mlk/links.html >. Time. "Dr. Martin Luther King Jr." Time . 13 Feb. 2008. 1 June 2009 < http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1704734_1520199,00.html >. "Black History Month." Rec. 5 May 2005. By Death From Above 1979. MP3. Works Cited