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  1. 1. CC2 SP11<br />Week 12.1<br />Conclusions<br />
  2. 2. From:<br /> Types of Conclusions: Many of the strategies we've listed for improving your introductions can help you to improve your conclusions as well. Remember: language is especially important to a conclusion. Your goal in your final sentences is to leave your ideas resounding in your reader's mind. Give her something to think about. Make your language ring.<br />
  3. 3. Review: IntroductionsFrom:<br />Announce your topic broadly, then declare your particular take<br />Provide any background material important to your argument.<br />Define key terms, as you intend to make use of them in your argument. I<br />Use an anecdote or quotation.<br />Acknowledge your opponents.<br />
  4. 4. David Orr<br /> The transformation to a nonviolent world will require courageous champions at all levels—public officials, teachers, communicators, philanthropists, artists, statespersons, philosophers, and corporate executives. But it will most likely be driven by ordinary people who realize that we are all at the end of our tether and it is time to do something a great deal smarter and more decent. And “somebody must begin it.<br />
  5. 5. Michael Berliner<br /> To save mankind from environmentalism, what’s needed is not the appeasing, compromising approach of today’s conservatives, who urge a “balance” between the needs of man and the “needs“ of the environment. To save mankind requires the wholesale rejection of environmentalism as hatred of science, technology, progress, and human life. To save mankind requires a philosophy of reason and individualism, a philosophy which makes life on earth possible: Ayn Rand’s philosophy of Objectivism.<br />
  6. 6. John Shanahan<br />The challenge to conservatives is to seek market arrangements whenever possible to provide environmental values and goods, and to pressure our local government and state legislators to use a free ma rket rather than a command and control government approach to environmental problems.<br />
  7. 7. Ursula Le Guin<br />
  8. 8. Edward Abbey<br /> I am happy to endorse the publication of Ecodefense. Never was such a book so needed, by so many, for such good reason, as here and now. Tomorrow might well be too late. This is a book that will fit handily in any saddlebag, in any creel, in any backpack, in any river runner's ammo can — and in any picnicker's picnic basket. No good American should ever go into the woods again without this book and, for example, a hammer and a few pounds of 60-penny nails. Spike a few trees now and then whenever you enter an area condemned to chainsaw massacre by Louisiana Pacific and its affiliated subsidiary the U.S. Forest Service. You won't hurt the trees; they'll be grateful for the protection; and you may save the forest. My Aunt Emma back in West Virginia has been enjoying this pleasant exercise for years. She swears by it. It's good for the trees, it's good for the woods, it's good for the earth, and it's good for the human soul. Spread the word-and carry on!<br />
  9. 9. ConclusionsFrom:<br />Return to the ongoing conversation, emphasizing the importance of your own contribution to it.<br />Consider again the background information with which you began, and illustrate how your argument has shed new light on that information.<br />Return to the key terms and point out how your essay has added some new dimension to their meanings.<br />Use an anecdote or quotation that summarizes or reflects your main idea.<br />Acknowledge your opponents - if only to emphasize that you've beaten them.<br />