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Cc2 sp 11 3.1 arguments

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Cc2 sp 11 3.1 arguments

  1. 1. Methods of Persuasion 2:Analyzing & Evaluating Arguments<br />CC2 SP11 3.1<br />CC2 SP 11 3.2<br />
  2. 2. Abbey: In class writing<br />In what ways do you find his argument true/false/persuasive/unpersuasive?<br />How does this compare with your classmates?<br />
  3. 3. Edward Abbey<br />1. Do you understand the argument?<br /><ul><li>Summarize it in two sentences.
  4. 4. Compare your summary with others.
  5. 5. Revise your summary if need be.</li></ul>2. The doubting and believing game.<br /><ul><li>What might you believe if you stretched your imagination? How does this compare with your classmates?What does this enable you to see about the argument?</li></li></ul><li>Edward Abbey<br />Ask pertinent questions:<br /> What questions did this text raise?<br />
  6. 6. Edward Abbey<br />Determine the author’s point of view/spin.<br /><ul><li>What are his biases?
  7. 7. How do they compare with your point of view?</li></li></ul><li>Edward Abbey<br />What is the cultural context?<br />1980- Love Canal- 700 families relocated<br />1980- Acid Rain Deposition Act.<br />1983- EPA cuts back on research about ozone depletion<br />1984- Bhopal disaster. Fertilizer plant leaks chemical that kills 2000 and disables another 50,000.<br />
  8. 8. Abbey: Appeals based on Emotion<br />Introduction: Analogy between corporate use of the wilderness and armed robbery.<br />Imagery: “three-piece-suited gangsters” “bandit enterprises” “jellyfish government agencies”<br />
  9. 9. Abbey: Appeals based on Ethics/Character<br />How does he use voice and tone to establish his character?<br />How does he use humor?<br />What are the benefits of these strategies?<br />What are the risks?<br />
  10. 10. Abbey: Appeals Based on Logic<br />Claim:<br />Reasons:<br />Assumptions:<br />Qualifiers<br />Evidence:<br />
  11. 11. Abbey: Appeals Based on Logic<br />Claim: Wilderness is under attack<br />Reasons: Mining and beef industry are using public land for profit.<br />Evidence: ?<br />Assumptions: Value wilderness over capital/economic profits.<br />Qualifiers: none!<br />
  12. 12. Abbey. Logic. 2.<br />Claim: “Representative democracy in the US has broken down.”<br />Reasons: Money influences politics more than the interests of the public.<br />Evidence: Reference to authority (Lewis Mumford).<br />Assumptions: Value of democracy.<br />Qualifiers: none!<br />
  13. 13. Abbey. Logic. 3.<br />Claim: The wilderness is our home.<br />If a bandit threatens our home, we are entitled to protect it.<br />Industry is threatening the wilderness.<br />We should protect the wilderness, with force if necessary.<br /> What are the assumptions underlying this argument?<br />
  14. 14. Abbey: In class writing post-discussion<br />In what ways do you find his argument true/false/persuasive/unpersuasive?<br /> How does this compare with your classmates?<br />
  15. 15. David Orr<br />In what ways do you find his argument true/false/persuasive/unpersuasive?<br /> How does this compare with your classmates?<br />
  16. 16. David Orr<br />1. Do you understand the argument?<br /><ul><li>Summarize it in two sentences.
  17. 17. Compare your summary with others.
  18. 18. Revise your summary if need be.</li></ul>2. The doubting and believing game.<br /> What does this enable you to see about the argument?<br />
  19. 19. David Orr<br />Ask pertinent questions:<br /> What questions did this text raise?<br />
  20. 20. David Orr. Cultural Context. 2008<br />Iraq War.<br />Climate Change.<br />Economic Recession.<br />
  21. 21. David Orr. Appeals based on Emotion.<br />Use of authority to establish trust.<br />Use of “we” to connect to audience.<br />Attention to “ordinary people” as audience with power to enact change.<br />
  22. 22. David Orr. Appeals based on Ethics/Character<br />How does he use voice, tone, and research to establish his character?<br />
  23. 23. David Orr. Logic. 1.<br />Claim: Brute force will lead to destruction of human and biotic worlds.<br />Reasons: Appeal to common knowledge<br />Evidence: Historical evidence. Scientific evidence.<br />Assumptions: Humans have the capacity to change.<br />Qualifiers: Since WW2, some improvement.<br />
  24. 24. David Orr. Logic. Group Activity.<br />Review the section I assign to you and your group.<br />Analyze and assess the following categories:<br />Claims<br />Reasons<br />Evidence<br />Assumptions<br />Qualifiers<br />
  25. 25. David Orr: Post discussion writing<br />In what ways do you find his argument true/false/persuasive/unpersuasive?<br /> How does this compare with your classmates?<br />
  26. 26. In class writing<br />What did today’s lesson teach you about persuasive writing, audience, and methods of persuasion.<br />
  27. 27.
  28. 28. In what ways is the argument persuasive/unpersuasive<br />

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