The french revolution

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The french revolution

  1. 1. The FrenchRevolution
  2. 2. Estates - GeneralWhen the Estates General met, each estate marched into the hall at Versailles. The third estate was all dressed all in black, The second estate the nobility dressed in all their finery and the first estate the clergy was all dressed in full regalia. The delegates of the third estate the poor or low class citizens they insisted that the three estates meet together and that the vote would be taken by head, not by order. ( By vote by head this would give them a majority vote). The King refused to grant their request as the third estate refused to budge on the idea.The Estates General on May5, 1789
  3. 3. 20 June 1789 Tennis Court Oath The Tennis Court Oath was a result of people leaving of the Third Estate in France. The reforms called for a meeting for all the Estates to come together and have a vote by head instead of by their estate. This would give the ThirdEstate at least a stronger voice / Majority in the Estates General. The men of theThird Estate were strong supporters of the reforms, and anxious to discuss these measures they were refusing to be held down by their King any longer, so Instead they moved their meeting to a nearby indoor tennis court.
  4. 4. Declaration of The Rights• of Man August 26, 1789, the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen" were passed by the National Assembly. The Declaration became the preamble to the Constitution of 1791. It was referred to in almost every single revolutionary movement since 1789, it no is translated into nearly all major languages.• By 1791, the Declaration had been transformed from a legislative document into a kind of political manifesto. Paine reproduced the document, word for word, it was treated as a sacred text that ushered in a new epoch of world history.• The King was never in favor of the Declaration. He refused to endorse it because he thought its clauses were too ambiguous. He only sanctioned it under popular pressure on October fifth and sixth, 1791.
  5. 5. Fall of The Bastille A medieval fortress in Paris this became a symbol of Absolute power, The Bastille was used for a French state prison and a place of detention for important persons In the 17th and 18th centuries. On July 14, 1789, at the beginning of the French Revolution, an armed mob of Parisians captured the fortress and released all prisoners, this was a dramatic action that came to symbolize the end of the ancien rgime.Bastille Day (July 14) has been a The Bastille was demolished by theFrench national holiday since Revolutionary government.1880.
  6. 6. National Assembly 1789–1791 The delegates from the Third Estates found them selves kicked out of the usual meeting in city hall and they converged on a nearby tennis court. After hearing of the National Assembly’s formation by the Third Estate, King Louis XVI held a gathering in which thegovernment was trying to intimidate the Third Estate into submission.The assembly was now too strong, and now the king was forced to recognize the group. Inspired by the NationalAssembly, commoners had started to rioted and protest of the rising prices. The king now had troops surround his palace at Versailles Fearing the violence that might be brought upon him.
  7. 7. Constitution of 1791 The day of the Tennis Court Oath, also known as the National Assembly they had declared that they would not disband until a new constitution had been written for France. This task was completed in 1791. This newconstitution was created by these moderate revolutionarieswho declared France to be a constitutional monarchy. With this new government, all the legislative powers went to a single Legislative Assembly, which alone now they had the power to declare war and raise taxes.
  8. 8. Committee of Public Safety & Robespierre The Committee of Public Safety was created by the National Convention in 1793. It originally consisting of nine members of the convention, As the committee tried to meet these dangers, it had became more powerful In July 1793. Then following the defeat at the convention of the moderate Republicans. Robespierre had eliminated all of his rivals in order to establish a virtualdictatorship, His goal was to defend France and suppress any internal uprisings. He and the committee had raised 14 armies this was to ensure supplies, thecommittee initiated a partial system for maximizing prices and fixed wages and to have instituted the Reign of Terror.
  9. 9. The Directory • The Executive Directory was five men who exercised executive power during the four year period witch was (1795-1799) during the French Revolution. • The Directory had rose to power in 1795 after the National Convention had left power. • This helped changed France pave the way for Napoleon to rise to power but with • all things considered it wasn’t very effective. • French parliament was consisted of a "Council of Five Hundred" and a 250- member "Council of Ancients" . The Council of 500 had appointed the Directors after input from the Council of Ancients.
  10. 10. • Napoleon seized power November of 1799, He was born• in Corsica on march 9th 1796. 1785 at the age of 16, he N became second lieutenant in the artillery. He gained more attention and was promoted to a p Major General in 1795. November 11th 1799• Napoleon seized control of franc in the ‘coup detate’ following a new constitution was introduced. Napoleon was made first consul o of France December 2nd 1804, in front of the pope Napoleon l crowned himself emperor. e o March 9th 1796 – May 5th 1821 n

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